London Labour and the London Poor, Volume 1

Mayhew, Henry





Arts (fine), street-sellers of, ; capital and income of,

Art (street),

Author and poet (street), experience of,

Ballad minstrelsy in the streets, ancient and modern,

Ballads (street) on a subject,

Back numbers, street sale of,

Beggar street-sellers,

—— statement of a,

Beetle wafers, street-sellers of,

, description of,

—— market, quantity and weight of fish sold in,

Blacking and black-lead, street-sellers of,

Blind street-seller of boot-laces,

—— female street-seller of small wares,

—— street seller of tailors' needles,

—— boot-lace seller, life of,

Book auctioneers (street),

Booksellers (street),

—— experience of,

Books sold in the streets, character of,

—— (memorandum) and almanacks, street sale of,

—— (pocket) and diaries, street sale of,

—— (song), street sale of,

—— (children's), street sale of,

—— (guide), street sale of,

—— (account), street sale of,

Boot and stay-laces, street-sellers of,

Boys of the costermongers and their "bunse,"

Braces, belts, hose, trowser-straps, and waistcoats, streetsellers of,

sale of,

Broadsheets, street sellers of,

Buns (hot-cross and ), street-sellers of,

Butter, cheese, and eggs,

Cake, street-sellers of,

Cakes and tarts, street-sellers of,

Cards (engraved), street-sellers of,

—— (gelatine), street-sellers of,

—— (playing), street-sellers of,

—— (race) and lists of races, street-sellers of,

—— (short-hand), street-sellers of,

Card-counters, medals, &c., street-sellers of,

Cats' and dogs'--meat, street-sellers of,

Cement for glass and china, street-sellers of,

Chaunters, experience of,

Cheap John, or street hansellers,

—— life of a,

Chemical articles of manufacture, street-sellers of,

Chickweed and groundsell, street-sellers of,

Children in low lodging-houses,

—— causes which influence them to take to a street career,

—— as street-sellers sent out by parents

Christmasing, laurel, ivy, holly, and mistletoe, streetsellers of,

Cigar lights or fuzees, street-sellers of,

Cigars, street-sellers of,

"Cocks," &c.,

Coffee-stall keepers,

Comic exhibitions, magical delusions, &c., street-sellers of,

Conundrums, street-sellers of,

Conveyances of costermongers and other street-folk,

Corn-salve, street-sellers of,

Costermongers, ancient calling of,

—— and other street-folk, number of,

—— capital of,

—— capital and income of,

—— children, education of,

—— cries, rounds, and days of,

—— diet and drink of,

—— donkeys of,

—— dress of,

—— earnings of,

—— education of,

—— gambling of,

—— habits and amusements of,

—— homes of,

—— honesty of,

—— juvenile trading of,

—— language of,

—— literature of,

—— markets and trade rights of,

—— marriage and concubinage of,

—— nicknames of,

—— obsolete cries of,

—— politics of,

—— providence and improvidence of,

Costermongers, raffles of,

—— religion of,

—— removal from streets of,

—— tricks of,

—— uneducated state of,

Costermongering mechanics,

Costermongers and thieves,

—— in bad weather and during the cholera,

—— on their country rounds,

—— the more provident,

—— economically considered,

Coster boy, hired,

Coster girls,

—— girl, life of a,

—— lad, life of a,

—— education of,

Cough-drops and medical confectionery, street-sellers of,

Country lodging-houses,

Crackers and detonating balls, street-sellers of,

Crippled seller of nutmeg-graters,

Crockery and glass-ware, street-sellers of,

Covent-garden market,

Curds and whey, street sale of,

Cutlery, street-sellers of,

Death and fire hunters,

Dog collars, street-sellers of,

Dog-collar seller, life of a,

Dolls, street-sellers of,

Drinkables, street sale of,

Duffers, or hawkers of pretended smuggled goods,

Eatables and drinkables, street-sellers of,

—— capital and income of, street-sellers of,

—— sums spent yearly upon,

Elder wine (hot), street-sellers of,

Engravings in umbrellas, street-sellers of,

Female street-sellers, localities in which they reside,

—— education, state of,

—— diet of,

Fish, kind and quality of sold in London,

—— season of the costermongers,

—— annually sold in the streets of London, gross value of,

—— ("dry") selling in the street,

—— fruit, and vegetables, stationary street-sellers of,

—— street-sellers of,

Flower-girls (London),

—— girls, life of,

—— roots, shrubs, and trees, quantity sold in the streets,

Flowers, buyers of those sold in the streets,

—— (cut and in pots), trees, shrubs, roots, seeds, and branches, street-sellers of,

—— in pots, roots, street-sale of,

—— "cut," quantity of sold in streets,

—— trees, shrubs, table showing quantity of sold wholesale at markets and retail in the streets,

Flower-girls, orphan,

Fly-papers, street-sellers of,

Forestalling markets and bummarees,

French polish, sellers of,

Fried fish, sellers of,

—— preparation of,

—— seller, experience and customers of,

Fruit (green) selling in the streets,

—— stall-keepers,

—— and vegetable season of costermongers,

—— and vegetables sold annually in London streets, gross value of,

—— street-sellers of,

—— kind and quantity of sold in the London streets,

—— (home-grown), quantity sold in metropolitan markets, and proportion sold retail in streets,

—— foreign,

—— "dry,"

"Gallows" literature of the streets,

Game, rabbits, and poultry, sold in the streets,

—— hawker, experience of,

Ginger-beer seller, experience of,

—— sherbet, and lemonade, street-sale of,

Ginger-bread nuts, street-sellers of,

Grease-removing compositions, street-sellers of,

Green stuff, street-sellers of,

Gutta-percha heads, street-sellers of,

Haberdashery swag-shops,

Ham-sandwich seller, experience of,

—— street-sellers of,

Hawkers, pedlars, and petty chapmen,

Hawking butcher, experience of,



Hot eels and pea-soup man, experience of,

—— green-pea seller, experience of,

—— green-peas, street-sellers of,

"," a street-sellers' defunct club,

Ices and ice-creams, street-sellers of,

Indecent (sham) street-trade,

Irish, causes which made them turn costermongers,

—— lodging-houses for immigrants, .

—— "refuse" sellers,

—— street diet, drink, and expense of living among,

—— education, literature, amusements, and politics of,

—— how they displanted the street Jews in the orange trade,

—— houses of,

—— history of some of the sellers,

—— religion of,

—— resources of as regards stock, money, sickness, burials, &c.,

—— (street),

Irishwoman street-seller, an,

Jewellery street-sellers,

Lace, street-sellers of,

—— maker's appeal,

Lavender, street sale of,

Literature, street-sellers of,

—— capital and income of,

London, children street-sellers of,

Lot sellers,

Low lodging-houses of London, ,

—— of the country,

—— filth, dishonesty, and immorality of,

Lucifer matches, street-sellers of,

Manufactured articles, street-sellers of,

—— capital and income of,

—— in metal, street-sellers of,

Manuscript and other music,

Markets (the ) on a Saturday night,

—— on a Sunday morning,

May, palm, &c., street sale of,

Mechanic's wife, a street-seller,

Milk selling in St. James's-park,

—— street sale of,

Miscellaneous manufactured articles, street-sellers of,

Muffin and crumpet selling in the streets,

Newspapers, books, &c., sale of at railway stations,

Nut selling in streets,

Orphan girl, life of,

—— boy street-seller,

Onion selling in the streets,

Orange and lemon selling in the streets,

—— and nut market,

Oyster selling in the streets,

Packman, statement of a,

Packmen or hawkers of soft wares,

Pastry and confectionary, street-sellers of,

Patterers, abodes, tricks, marriage, and characteristics of the different grades of,

—— benefit society of,

—— former and present state of,

—— habits, opinions, morals, and religion of,

—— (running),

—— experience of,

—— recent experience of,

—— (standing),

—— experience of,

Pattering class, epitome of,

Pea-soup and hot eels, street-sellers of,

Pedlar jeweller,

"Penny gaff,"

Peppermint water, street sale of,

Periodicals, pamphlets, tracts, books, &c., street-sellers of,

—— on the steamboats and steamboat piers, sale of,

Periwinkle selling in the streets,

Pickpocket, statement of a young,

Pictures in frames, street selling of,

Pieman, street,

"Pinners up," or wall song sellers,

Pipes, street-sellers of,

Plantain sellers,

Play-bills, street sellers of,

Plum "duff" or dough, street-sellers of,

Poets and authors, street,

Poison for rats,

Political litanies, dialogues, &c.,

Pot-herbs and celery,

Potatoes (baked), street-trade in,

Poultry and game, street purchasers of,

—— hawkers, statement of ,

—— (live and dead), game, rabbits, butter, cheese, and eggs, street-sellers of,

—— live, and game, street sale of,

Prostitute, statement of a,

Public-house hawkers of metal spoons,

Publishers and authors of street literature,

Puddings (boiled), street-seller of,

Rabbit-selling in the streets,

Razor-paste, street-sellers of,

Reduced gentlewoman and a reduced tradesman, as street-sellers of stationery,

Religious tract-sellers,

Rhubarb and spice, street-sellers of,

Rice milk, street-sellers of,

Rings and sovereigns for wagers, street-sellers of,

Roasted chestnuts and apples,

Roulette-boxes, street-sellers of,

Runaway street-boys, ,

"Screevers," or writers of begging letters and petitions,

editions, sellers of,

Seeds, sale of,

Sheeps'--trotter seller, statement of a,

Sheeps'--trotters, street-sellers of,

—— preparation of, and quantity sold,

Shell-fish sellers in the streets,

Shrimp selling,

Single woman street-seller, a,

"Slang" weights and measures,

Small ware, street sellers of,


Snuff-boxes, street-sellers of,

Song sellers (long),

Songs, street-sellers of,

Spar, china ornaments, and stone fruit, street-sellers of,

Spectacle and eye-glasses, street-sellers of,

Sponge, street-sellers of,

Sprat selling in the streets,

Stationery, literature, and fine arts, street-seller of,

—— street-sellers of, ,

Stationers (street), and street card sellers,

—— experience of,

—— capital and income of,

Stalls (street), character of,

—— number of,

Sticks (walking), street-sellers of,


Street children, amusements of,

—— clothing of.

—— diet of,

—— dwelling-places of,

—— education of,

—— morals, religion, opinions of,

—— propensities of,

Street-folk in general and costermongers in particular, varieties of,

Street-seller, "neglected" child,

Street-sellers, public meeting of,


Swag-shops of the metropolis,

Sweet-stuff, street-sellers and customers of,

—— street sale of,

Table-covers (japanned), street-sellers of,

Tally packmen,

Tea, hawking of,

Textile fabrics, street-sellers of,

Thieves, meeting of,

Tinware, street-sellers of,

—— seller, life of,

Tobacco-boxes, street-sellers of,

Tools, street-sellers of,

Trees and shrubs, street sale of,

Trotting or hawking butchers,

Turf cutting and selling,

—— cutter, experience and customers of,

Vegetables, street sale of,

—— aristocratic sale of,

"Vic" gallery,

Wandering tribes of this country,

—— in general,

Wash-leathers, street-sellers of,

Waste newspapers at , sale of,

Watches (children's gilt), street-sellers of,

Water-cress selling in Farringdon-market,

Water-cresses, table showing the quantity sold wholesale at "green markets," and retail in the streets,

—— street-sellers of,

Water-cress girl,


Whelks (pickled), street-sellers of,

—— purchasers of,

Whips, street-sellers of,

Widow, street-seller, a,

Women street-sellers,

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 Title Page
 The Street-Folk: Of Wandering Tribes in General
 Of the Wandering Tribes of this Country
 Of the London Street-Folk
Of the Number of Costermongers and Other Street-Folk
Of the Number of Costermongers and Other Street-Folk
Of the Varieties of Street-Folk in General, and Costermongers in Particular
Of Costermongering Mechanics
Ancient Calling of Costermongers
Of the Obsolete Cries of the Costermongers
Of the Costermongers 'Economically' Considered
The London Street Markets on a Saturday Night
The Sunday Morning Markets
Habits and amusements of Costermongers
Gambling of Costermongers
'Vic Gallery'
The Politics of Costermongers.-- Policemen
Marriage and Concubinage of Costermongers
Religion of Costermongers
Of the Uneducated State of Costermongers
Language of Costermongers
Of the Nicknames of Costermongers
Of the Education of Costermongers' Children
The Literature of Costermongers
Of the Honesty of Costermongers
Of the Conveyances of the Costermongers and Other Street-Sellers
Of the 'Smithfield Races'
Of the Donkeys of the Costermongers
Of the Costermongers' Capital
Of the 'Slang' Weights and Measures
Of Half Profits
Of the Boys of the Costermongers, and their Bunts
Of the Juvenile Trading of the Costermongers
Of the Education of the 'Coster-Lads'
The Life of a Coster-Lad
Of the 'Penny Gaff'
Of the Coster-Girls
The Life of a Coster Girl
Of Costermongers and Thieves
Of the More Provident Costermongers
Of the Homes of the Costermongers
Of the Dress of the Costermongers
Once Try You'll Come Again
Of the Diet and Drink of Costermongers
Of the Cries, Rounds, and Days of Costermongers
Of the Costermongers on their Country Rounds
Of the Earnings of Costermongers
Of the Capital and Income of the Costermongers
Of the Providence and Improvidence of Costermongers
Of the Costermongers in Bad Weather and During the Cholera
Of the Costermongers' Raffles
Of the Markets and Trade Rights of the Costerongers, and of the Laws Affecting Them
Of the Removals of Costermongers From the Streets
Of the Tricks of Costermongers
Of the Street-Sellers of Fish
Of Sprat-Selling in the Streets
Of the Street-Sellers of Fruit and Vegetables
Of the Stationary Street-Sellers of Fish, Fruit, and Vegetables
Of the Street-Irish
Of the Street-Sellers of Game, Poultry (Live and Dead), Rabbits, Butter, Cheese, and Eggs
Of the Sellers of Trees, Shrubs, Flowers (Cut and In Pots), Roots, Seeds, and Branches
Street-Sellers of Green Stuff
Of the Street-Sellers of Eatables and Drinkables
Of the Street-Sellers of Eatables and Drinkables
Of the Street-Sellers of Pea-Soup and Hot Eels
Of the Experience of a Hot-Eel and Pea-Soup Man
Of the Street-Sellers of Pickled Whelks
Of the Customers, Etc., of Pickled Whelk-Sellers
Of the Street Sellers, and of the Preparation of Fried Fish
Of the Experience of a Fried Fish- Seller, and of the Class of Customers
Of the Preparation and Quantity of Sheep's Trotters, and of the Street-Sellers
Statements of Sheep's Trotter Women
Of the Street Trade in Baked Potatoes
Of 'Trotting,' or 'Hawking' Butchers
Of the Experience of a Hawking Butcher
Of the Street-Sellers of Ham-Sandwiches
Of the Experience of a Ham Sandwich- Seller
Of the Street-Sellers of Bread
Of the Street-Sellers of Hot Green Peas
Of the Experience of a Hot Green Pea Seller
Of Cats' and Dogs'--Meat Dealers
Of the Street-Sale of Drinkables
Of Coffee-Stall Keepers
Of the Street Sale of Ginger-Beer, Sherbet, Lemonade, &c
Of the Experience and Customers of A Ginger-Beer Seller
Of the Street-Sellers of Hot Elder Wine
Of the Street Sale of Peppermint-Water
Of Milk Selling in St. James's Park
Of the Street Sale of Milk
Of the Street-Sale of Curds and Whey
Of the Street-Sellers of Rice-Milk
Of Water-Carriers
Of the Street-Sellers of Pastry and Confectionary
Of Street Piemen
Of the Street-Sellers of Boiled Puddings
Of the Street-Sellers of Plum 'Duff' or Dough
Of the Street-Sellers of Cakes, Tarts, &c.
Of Other Cake-Sellers in the Streets
Of the Street-Sellers of Gingerbread- Nuts, &c.
Of the Street-Sellers of Hot-Cross Buns, and of Chelsea Buns
Of Muffin and Crumpet-Selling in the Streets
Of the Street Sale of Sweet-Stuff
Of the Customers of the Sweet-Stuff Street-Sellers
Of the Street-Sellers of Cough Drops and of Medical Confectionary
'Lohoch de farfara,' the Lohoch of Coltsfoot
Of the Street-Sellers of Ices and of Ice Creams
Of the Capital and Income of the Street-Sellers of Eatables and Drinkables
Capital, or Stock in Trade, of the Street- Sellers of Eatables and Drinkables
Income, or 'Takings,' of Street-Sellers of Eatables and Drinkables
Of the Street-Sellers of Stationery, Literature, and the Fine Arts
Of the Street-Sellers of Stationery, &c.
Of the Former and Present Street- Patterers
Of the Habits, Opinions, Morals, and Religion of Patterers Generally
Of the Publishers and authors of Street-Literature
Of Long Song-Sellers
Of Running Patterers
Experience of a Running Patterer
Of the Recent Experience of a Running Patterer
Of the Chaunters
Of the Experience of a Chaunter
Of the Death and Fire Hunters
Of the Sellers of Second Editions
Of the Standing Patterers
Experience of a Standing Patterer
Of Political Litanies, Dialogues, etc.
Of 'Cocks,' Etc.
Of 'Strawing'
Of the Sham indecent Street-Trade
Of Religious Tract Sellers
Of a Benefit Society of Patterers
Of the Abodes, Tricks, Marriage, Character, and Characteristics of the Different Grades of Patterers
Of the Low Lodging-Houses of London
Of the Filth, Dishonesty, and Immorality of Low Lodging-Houses
Of the Children in Low Lodging- Houses
Of the Low Lodging-Houses Throughout the Country
Of the Street Stationers, and the Street Card-Sellers
Of the Seller of the Penny Short-Hand Cards
The Lecture
'I perish with hunger'
Of the Sellers of Race Cards and Lists
Of the Street-Sellers of Gelatine, of Engraved, and of Playing Cards, &c.
Of the Street-Sellers of Stationery
Of the Experience of a Street- Stationer
Of a 'Reduced' Gentlewoman, and a 'Reduced' Tradesman, as Street-Sellers of Stationery
Of the Street-Sale of Memorandum- Books and Almanacks
Of the Street-Sale of Pocket-Books and Diaries
Of the Street-Sellers of Songs
Of the Street 'Pinners-up,' or Wall Song-Sellers
Of Ancient and Modern Street Ballad Minstrelsy
Of Street 'Ballads on a Subject'
Of the Street Poets and Authors
Of the Experience of a Street Author, or Poet
Of the Street-Sellers of Broad-Sheets
Of the 'Gallows' Literature of the Streets
Of the Street-Sellers of Conundrums
Of the Street-Sellers of Comic Exhibitions, Magical Delusions, &c.
Of the Street-Sellers of Play-Bills
Of the Street-Sellers of Periodicals, Pamphlets, Tracts, Books, Etc.
Of the Street-Sale of Back Numbers
Of the Sale of Waste Newspapers at Billingsgate
Of the Sale of Periodicals on the Steam- Boats and Steam-Boat Piers
Of the Sale of Newspapers, Books, &c., at the Railway Stations
Of the Street Booksellers
Of the Character of Books of the Street-Sale
Of the Experience of a Street Book- Seller
Of Street Book-Auctioneers
Of the Street-Sale of Song-Books, and of Children's Books
Of the Street-Sellers of Account-Books
Of the Street-Sellers of Guide-Books, &c.
Of the Street-Sellers of Fine Arts
Of Street Art
Of the Street-Sellers of Engravings, Etc., in Umbrellas, Etc.
Of the Street-Sellers of Pictures in Frames
Of the Street-Sellers of Manuscript and Other Music
Of the Capital and Income of the Street-Sellers of Stationery, Literature, and the Fine Arts
Capital or Value of the Stock-in-Trade of the Street-Sellers of Stationery, Literature and the Fine Arts
Income, or Average Annual 'Takings,' of the Street-Sellers of Stationery, Literature, and the Fine Arts
An Epitome of the Pattering Class
Of the 'Screevers,' or Writers of Begging-Letters and Petitions
'God Save the Queen'
Of the Probable Means of Reformation
Of the Street-Sellers of Manufactured Articles
Of the Street-Sellers of Manufactured Articles
Of the Street-Sellers of Manufactured Articles in Metal
Of the Cheap Johns, or Street Han- Sellers
'The Original Cheap John'
The Crippled Street-Seller of Nut- Meg-Graters
Of the Swag-Shops of the Metropolis
Shopkeepers and Dealers Supplied with the Following Articles --
Of the Life of a Cheap-John
The Street-Sellers of Cutlery
Of the Blind Street-Sellers of Tailors' Needles, etc.
The Public-House Hawkers of Metal Spoons, Etc.
Of the Street-Sellers of Jewellery
Of the Pedlar-Jewellers
Of the Street-Sellers of Card-Counters, Medals, Etc.
The Construction is of Iron and of Glass, 1848 Feet Long. about Half is 456 Wide. the Remainder 408 Feet Wide, and 66 Feet High; Site, Upwards of 20 acres. Josh. Paxton, archt.
Of the Street-Sellers of Rings and Sovereigns For Wagers
Of the Street-Sellers of Children's Gilt Watches
Of the Street-Sellers of Tinware
Of the Life of a Tin-Ware Seller
Of the Street-Sellers of Dog-Collars
Of the Life of a Street-Seller of Dog- Collars
Of the Street-Sellers of Tools
Of the Beggar Street-Sellers
Pike's Patent Cotton. 120 Yards
'The Lace-Makers' Appeal'
'ALLEN, Printer, Long-row, Nottingham'
Of the 'House of Lords,' a Street-Seller's Defunct Club
Of the Street-Sellers of Crockery and Glass-Wares
Of the 'Swag,' Crockery, and Glass Shops
Of the Street-Sellers of Spar and China Ornaments, and of Stone Fruit
Of the Street-Sellers of Textile Fabrics
Of the Haberdashery Swag-Shops
Of Hawkers, Pedlars, and Petty Chapmen
Of the Packmen, or Hawkers of Soft Wares
Statement of a Packman
Of the Tally Packman
Of the 'Duffers' or Hawkers of Pretended Smuggled Goods
Of the Street-Sellers of 'Small-Ware,' or Tape, Cotton, Etc.
Of the Street-Sellers of Lace
Of the Street-Sellers of Japanned Table- Covers
Of the Street-Sellers of Braces, Belts, Hose, Trowser-Straps, and Waistcoats
Of the Street-Sellers of Boot and Stay- Laces, &c.
Of a Blind Female Seller of 'Small-Wares'
The Blind Street-Seller of Boot-Laces
Of the Life of a Blind Boot-Lace Seller
Of the Low Lodging-Houses
Statement of a Young Pickpocket
Statement of a Prostitute
Statement of a Beggar
Meeting of Thieves
Of the Country Lodging-Houses
Of the Street-Sellers of Chemical Articles of Manufacture
Of the Street-Sellers of Blacking, Black Lead, Etc.
Of the Street-Sellers of French Polish
Of the Street-Sellers of Grease-Removing Compositions
Of the Street-Sellers of Corn-Salve
Of the Street-Sellers of Glass and China Cement, and of Razor Paste
Of the Street-Seller of Crackers and Detonating Balls
Of the Street-Sellers of Lucifer-Matches
Of the Street-Sellers of Cigar Lights, or Fuzees
Of the Street-Sellers of Gutta-Percha Heads
Of the Street-Sellers of Fly-Papers and Beetle-Wafers
Of the Street-Sellers of Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles
Of the Street-Sellers of Walking-Sticks
Of the Street-Sellers of Whips, Etc.
Of the Street-Sellers of Pipes, and of Snuff and Tobacco Boxes
Of the Street-Sellers of Cigars
Of the Street-Sellers of Sponge
Of the Street-Sellers of Wash-Leathers
Of the Street-Sellers of Spectacles and Eye-Glasses
Of the Street-Sellers of Dolls
Of the 'Swag-Barrowmen,' and 'Lot- Sellers'
Of the Street-Sellers of Roulette Boxes
Of the Street-Sellers of Poison For Rats
Of the Street-Sellers of Rhubarb and Spice
Of the Hawking of Tea
Of the Women Street-Sellers
Of the Children Street-Sellers of London