The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


St Margaret Pattens.


At the south-east angle of , stands this church, it received its name from its dedication to St. Margaret, virgin, and martyr, and its situation, which at the time of its foundation was a lane, occupied only by makers and dealers in pattens. This lane was, however, afterwards called , on account of a rood, or cross, set up in the church yard of St. Margaret. When this church was pulled down to be re-built, this cross or rood was blessed in a particular manner, and privileged by the pope


with many indulgences, for the pardon of the sins of those who came to pray before it, and to make their offerings towards there-building of . But the church being finished in , soon after the reformation, some people unknown assembled without noise, in the night of the , in that year, who broke the rood to pieces, and demolished the tabernacle in which it was erected.

The original foundation of this church was in, or before the year ; for the rector upon record is Hamo de Chyrch, presented by lady Margaret de Nevil, on the , in that year. And the patronage thereof remained in the family of the Nevils till the year , when it probably came to Robert Rikeden, of Essex, and Margaret his wife; who, in , conveyed it (with the advowson of , , and the manor of Leadenhall,) to Richard Whittington, who, in , confirmed the whole to the mayor and commonalty of London; in whom the right of presentation has ever since remained.

The present building like the majority of churches in the metropolis, is partly concealed by houses, the west and southern fronts being the only parts that are not hid; the former ranges with the houses on the east side of , the latter i separated from by a paved court.

The tower and spire, which rise to the height of feet, are situated at the north-west angle of the building; they are not remarkable for ornaments, being almost plain, but the proportions are excellent; the design borrowed from the pointed style, closely resembles the steeples of our ancient churches. The tower is in stories, the lower contains an arched and a circular window, and the succeeding circular windows, in the western front, the story has a lintelled window filled with weather boarding in each face; the whole is finished with a ballustraded parapet and at the angles are pinnacles. The spire is octangular and covered with lead; it has openings at intervals, and finishes with a vane.

In that portion of the western front, not yet described, is an entrance. Above it a large arched window, over which is a festoon: and on each side is a smaller window of the same form, surmounted by a circular , the elevation finishes with a cornice and pediment, having a circular opening in the tympanum; the south front, or at least that part which is visible, has an entrance, with a circular window above it; and another window lofty and arched at the head, also surmounted by a circular ; the elevation finishes with a cornice and parapet. The whole is substantially and plainly built, the ashlaring of Portland stone. The interior is very handsome, it consists of a body, with an aisle at the north side, which some, what interferes with the uniformity of the design; it is entered through a vestibule in which is the font, a handsome


poligonal basin of white marble, beautifully sculptured with cherub's head and foliage, and supported by a pillar of the same material.

The aisle is separated from the rest of the church by Corinthian columns, which sustain an architrave. The ceiling is arched at the sides and horizontal in the centre; it springs from the columns on side, and pilasters attached to the walls at the other parts of the building; it is pierced laterally with circular windows in the arches. The east end has divisions; the central is recessed and contains the altar-piece, adorned with carvings by Gibbons, to whom is also to be attributed the execution of the elegant font. In the centre of the screen is a small painting of the

Agony in the garden.

The recess is arched at the top and flanked by pilasters. In the other divisions are windows of a corresponding character to those of the west front. At the west end is a gallery containing the organ, and another gallery is built above the north aisle. This design is from the hand of sir Christopher Wren, and gives no mean idea of his talents. The church was completed in , at an expense of

In this church are several handsome monuments, but there is nothing particularly curious in the inscriptions; of the handsomest is in the north aisle; it is by Rysback, of a square form, with a pediment, on the apex of which is an urn, and on each side a naked boy; holding an inverted torch, the other a serpent in a circle, the emblem of eternity. It is to the memory of sir P. Delme, lord mayor, , died , aged .

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward