The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


Skinners' Hall.


The original Skinners'-hall, which Stow describes as

a very fayre house, sometime called Copped-hall,

was purchased by the company, together with several small tenements adjacent, as early as the reign of Henry III. and the Skinners afterwards held it


under a licence of mortmain granted by that king. It was afterwards alienated, though by what means is uncertain; and in the of Edward II. was possessed by Ralph de Cobham, the brave Kentish warrior, who having made Edward III. his heir, was thus the cause of the Skinners being re-instated in their ancient purchase, which the monarch restored about the time of the legal incorporation of the company.

The present Skinners'-hall, is a very handsome and convenient structure, standing on , on the site of the ancient building. The front, which includes the dwelling of the clerk, &c. has been new built within these years, from designs by the late Mr. Jupp, architect, who also made considerable alterations in the other parts. It is a regular building of the Ionic order, the basement part, to the level of the story, is of stone, and rusticated; from this rise pilasters, sustaining an entablature and pediment, all of the same material, and in the tympanum are the company's arms, the supporters being represented as couchant, in order to adapt them the better to the spaces they occupy: the frieze is ornamented with festoons, and lion's heads. A small paved court separates this front from the more ancient part of the fabric, which is of brick and neatly wrought. The hall is a light and elegant apartment, having an Ionic screen and music gallery, and other adornments proper to that order; it is also handsomely fitted up in the modern style, and is lighted by a sexagon lanthorn, from which depends a chandelier of gas lights. In the court room, which was formerly wainscotted with the red, or


cedar, but is now altered, and neatly modernized, is a good head of sir Andrew Judde, knt. lord mayor in , who was a native of Tunbridge, in Kent, and founded the free grammar school there, of which the late very able and learned Dr. Vicesimus Knox was master. For the support of that establishment, sir Andrew, on his death in , directed by his will, that certain lands, of the annual value of and situated in the parishes of , All-Hallows, , St. Lawrence Poultney, St. Peter, and St. Helen, should be perpetually vested in the company of Skinners; and in consequence of this bequest the members visit the school every year, in May, at a great expense, attended as the statutes direct, by some eminent clergyman, whose business is to examine into the progress made by the different classes; alter the examination, which is conducted with much ceremony, honorary rewards are distributed to the best scholars. The rental of the lands bequeathed by the founder, as well as of other estates given by his son-in-law, sir Thomas Smith, knt. to augment the endowments, and establish exhibitions to the University, has been vastly increased, and is yet in a course of progressive augmentation; the land in parish having been covered with houses to a considerable extent, under the direction, and principally at the charge of Mr. Burton, the architect, who, a few


years ago, obtained a lease of the ground from the company, for the purpose.

In this apartment are neatly executed figures of sir A. Judde knt. and king Edward III.; they are enclosed in glass cases, ornamented with Ionic pilasters, and supported by rich scrolls gilt. In the tea room on the floor are some good carvings; attached to the hall is a small garden.

Against the wall of the private staircase is a full length portrait of sir Thomas Pilkington, in his robes of the office of mayoralty. This portrait has at corner, . The staircase displays some of the massy carving, and rich ornaments, in vogue at the time of the re-building of the hall after the great fire, the expense of which is said to have been l

Northward of the last mentioned edifice is

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward