The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


The Gentleman and Porter.



This sculpture represents William Evans, porter of Charles I. and his diminutive fellow-servant, Jeffrey Hudson, dwarf to the same monarch. It was probably by his own consent, that the latter was put into the pocket of the giant, and drawn out by him at a masque at court, to amuse and divert the spectators.

He had too much spirit,

says Mr Pennant,

to suffer such an insult, from even a Goliah: for little Jeffrey afterwards commanded, with much reputation, a troop of horse in his majesty's service, and, in


, killed Mr. Crofts in a duel, who had ventured to ridicule the irritable hero. Evans was


feet and a half high, Hudson only





In Bagnio-court is the warm bath (after the Turkish fashion) established in this country. It is situated on the west side of the court, the interior is apparently as old as the foundation, viz. temp. Charles II. and consists of an octagonal apartment, from which rises a spherical dome, enriched with stucco. The bath is lined


and floored with marble, in black and white squares, and measures feet by . The architecture of the interior very much resembles many works of Inigo Jones. before the fire in , was inhabited by mercers, silkmen, and lacemen, and Maitland says, that

their shops were so resorted unto by the nobility and gentry, in their coaches, that oft times the street was so stopped up, that there was no passage for foot passengers.

On the wall of a house in Pannier-alley, is a figure in stone, of a naked boy sitting on a pannier, or coil of rope; and beneath is this inscription:--










Mr. Pennant considers this to have been an ancient monument, placed here to denote the height of the ground.

The church of St. Michael le Querne, formerly stood at the west end of , fronting the street; but, not being rebuilt, its site was laid into the street, in pursuance of the act for rebuilding the city.

The earliest account we find of this church, is in the year , when the state thereof was returned to the dean and chapter of ; at which time it appears to have been only a chapel, and as such it continued many years after. It was not made a rectory, till possessed by Thomas Newton, who was buried in the choir, in the year . In ancient records it is called St. Michael , i. e. at the Corn (which posterity has corruptly pronounced Querne ;) because, at the time this church was founded, thereon was a corn-market, that reached up from it, westward, to the shambles, or flesh market; from which situation it was sometimes called St. Michael At the east end of this church stood the Old Cross, in Westcheap, which was taken down in the year , to make way for the enlarging of the church, and for the erection of a little conduit, at the north-east gate of church-yard; which appears to have been the standard where Walter Stapleton, bishop of Exeter, and treasurer to Edward II. was decollated by the populace, in .

The annexed curious engraving is from an original survey by R. Tresswell, . It exhibits the church, Little Conduit, and part of , in an interesting and evidently correct manner.


On the north side of , near , is


[] Fuller's Worthies, Wales, p. 54.

[] Pennant, 4to p. 235.

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward