On the east side of formerly stood the priory of S Bartholomew, founded by Rahere,
or minstrel about or rather after the year , the of Henry I. for canons of the order of St. Augustine; himself became their prior, in , and so continued till his death, in .
In a very curious legend, as Mr. Malcolm calls it, concerning the pious founder Rahere, is the following:
Rahere having discovered by the confession of of the parties, that his enemies had confederated against him to take away his life, addressed himself to king Henry I., who took him under his protection; and in order thereto granted him a charter confirming all the liberties.
A very disgraceful scene was acted in this priory, so early as the reign of Henry the . Boniface, archbishop of Canterbury, a wrathful and turbulent man, elected to that see in , in his visitation came to this priory, to which he had no right, where being received with procession in a most solemn manner, he said, that he passed not upon honour, but came to visit them; to whom the canons answered that they having a learned bishop, ought not, in contempt of him, to be visited by any other. This answer so much offended the archbishop, that he forthwith fell on the subprior, and smote him on the face, saying,
Thus raging with oaths, not to be recited, he rent in pieces the rich cope of the sub-prior, trod it under his feet, and thrust him against a pillar of the chancel with such violence, that he had almost killed him. The canons, seeing their sub-prior thus almost slain, came and pulled away the archbishop with such force, that they overthrew him backward, whereby they saw he was armed, and prepared to fight. The archbishop's attendants, who all were his countrymen, born in Provence, observing their master down, fell upon the canons, beat them, tore them, and trod them under foot. At length, the canons getting away as well as they could, ran bloody, miry, and torn, to the bishop of London to complain, who bade them go to the king, at , and tell him thereof; whereupon of them went thither; the rest were not able from being so much hurt; but when they arrived there, the king would neither hear nor see them, that they returned without redress. In the mean time the city was in an uproar, and ready to have rung the common bell, and to have hewed the archbishop in pieces, had he not escaped to . Here they pursued him, and not knowing him by sight, cried aloud,
&c. But the archbishop conveyed himself over the river, and went to the king with a great complaint against the canons, whereas himself was guilty.
It was surrendered Hen. VIII. and Dugdale gives it as worth per annum.
Mr. Malcolm cites particulars from the
and Philip and Mary, to shew how lands sold at that time.
. A grant was made of this place to Richard Riche.
The king gives the service of hundredth part of a knight's fee, and reserved rent of from a tenement granted to John Williams, of Rycote, in the county of Oxford, knt. and Edwarde Northe, kt. of London, in the above close. Also tenements, with their appurtenances, within the precincts of the great close
|belonging to the priory; and messuages, and tenements, with stables belonging to the same; and further, the reversion of the said messuages, &c. within the limits of the monastery; also the water of the conduit head of St. Bartholomew, within the manor of Canbery, co. Midd. as enjoyed by prior Bolton and his predecessors.|
Then follows a grant of the fair of St. Bartholomew, as when in possession of the prior and convent, which is still held.
The seal of this priory was circular, with a representation of St. Bartholomew seated, having the deed of foundation in his right hand, and a knife uplifted in his left; behind him is an ecclesiastical edifice with finials formed of fleur de lys. Legend. The counter seal represents a ship, with an octangular tower and crocketted spire in a boat; on side of the church is , on the other . The legend is . On the accession of Mary a new seal was made; it was of an oval form, and represented St. Bartholomew with a broad knife in his light hand, and an open book in his left; above him was a dome canopy with drapery. The legend
other seals belonging to this priory have been engraved in the Archaelogia.
The church and ruins were evidently constructed at different periods. They must be sought among stables, carpenters' and farriers' shops. The sound of hammers now resound through those arches where the solemn chaunt only echoed in soft response; and where the measured step of the silent monk paced in slow movements.
The cloisters shew the workmanship of the latter portion of the century; the whole remains consist of arches, groined in a beautiful style; large bosses remain perfect
|small figures, the martyrdom of St. Lawrence; the bears the implements of our Saviour's passion, viz. the cross and crown of thorns; the pillar, and scourges; the nails; the reed and sponge: the boss is sculptured with a picture of the legend of St. Nicholas; it represents the miracle of resuscitation performed on children who had been previously killed and salted; and the is a subject quite unintelligible.|
The east cloister which is the only perfect portion, is feet long, and broad. The court leads to the close, where we find a modern square; and though we are now directly facing the refectory, not a vestige of antient architecture is visible, that part which projects into the close being faced with brick. The windows are transformed into large ones of the present fashion. The length is feet, by in breadth.
The roof is very strong, and full of timber, and remains nearly as it was when the refectory.
In the north-east corner of the square, a passage has been cut through the cellars; and here the strength and solidity of the walls may be seen, with massy arches, and stout groins.
At the south end of the east cloister there was a space feet by , probably a court, through which the brethren passed to and from the refectory. The above passage turns to the north, where part of the old walls and a battered window that formerly lighted the vaults are still to be seen.
The lesser close contained the prior's stables; their exact site is not known. A gateway was standing within the memory of man leading to the wood-yard, kitchens, &c. An ancient mulberry tree grew near it, and beneath its branches the good wives and maids of the parish were wont to promenade. Houses have usurped their place.
The dissenting place of worship called Bartholomew's chapel, is set against the east end of the priory, not far from the choir. In a corner of this chapel, there used to be seen, some years back, a very antique piece of sculpture, representing the figure of a priest, with a child in his arms, (probably Simeon with the infant Christ); and several niches. Beneath it, is a strong wall once forming a communication between the close and the cloisters; it is traditionally styled a dungeon, but the remains of the architecture in a single trefoil canopy with sculptured capitals in the taste of the century, shew that the building must have been above ground. It is occupied as a depository for mahogany veneer, &c. and is approached through an alley, on the right hand of which is the entrance to
It was of the apartments erected by Bolton, and still exists in nearly a perfect state; it is now divided into apartments; the walls are wainscotted with small pannels, each contains a curious scroll-formed ornament; the roof is also of timber, and pannelled into
|square compartments; at the points of intersection are flowers; at the east end is a large window with wooden mullions; it is bounded by a low pointed arch, on of the spandrils of which is the device of Bolton. In the window is a shield with many quarterings; the arms of Rich a chevron between crosses, is the only perfect; the same appear on the front of a house in Cloth-fair. The school partly extends over the vestry of the church, and the south porch (in ruins), and the domestic apartments of the master of the school comprise the actual gallery erected by prior Bolton, which communicated with the church as before noticed. The chapter-house, feet in length, and in breadth, occupied the angle formed by the south transept and the aisle of the choir, and communicated with the former by a large semi-circular arch; the original pilasters, buttresses, and the small square masonry of the Norman architecture of the church is well preserved in this place, and a pointed door communicating with the church exists in the south wall of the latter, and at the east end of the chapter-house are remains of columns in the early pointed style; eastward, in a portion called the south porch, is the upper part of a window of the century. It is at present filled with logs of mahogany.|
The prior's house is perfect in the outline, but a great deal of the original finishing is wanting. It is a massive building, incorporated with the east end of the chancel, whose walls exceed in strength and thickness those of many modern fortifications. The south side is supported by buttresses; but the whole has been patched and altered to such a degree that we should hardy guess its designation.
The vast flight of stairs remain, and they are literally wide enough for a coach and horses. At the top is the
The mark of a partition is visible, and small fire places. The length of the house is feet. The ground and floors were probably occupied by the prior, and the attic by the brethren. It is now inhabited by a cabinet-maker.
The earth has been much raised round the church, occasioning a descent of several steps. The parochial school is of the buildings of Prior Bolton; it is situated on the north side of the church, and like the Dissenters' school extends over the aisle. The houses project so much before this place, that they are within feet of their opposite neighbours at the tops.
 Malcolm's Londinium Red. vol. I 271.
 Harl. MSS.
 Office of the First Fruits.
 Appendant to a deed, dated Sept. 25, 1395. 16th Rich. II.
 Engraved in the Archaelogia. vol. xv, p. 400.
 Vol. xix. p. 49.
 Malcolm, i. p. 287.
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|CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London|
|CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c|
|CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward|
|CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward|
|CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward|
|CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward|
|CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within|
St. Botolph's Church without Bishopsgate
St. Helen's Church
Priory of St. Helen
Hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem
Priory of St. Mary Spital, or New Hospital of our Lady without Bishopsgate
Brotherhood of St. Nicholas
The London Tavern
New London tavern
The Marine Society
Sir Paul Pindar's House
|CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward|
|CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within|
|CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward|
Allhallows Church, London Wall. 1760
St. Bartholomew the Little, or St. Bartholomew by the Exchanges
St. Benet Fink
St. Martin Outwich Church. 1794
Plan of St. Martin Outwich Church. 1760
St. Peter le Poor. 1760
Priory of Augustine Friars
St. Anthony's Hospital
The French Church
The Bank of England
St. Christopher le Stocks
Merchant Taylor's Hall
South Sea House
The Auction Mart
|CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward|
|CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward|
St. Paul's Cathedral
St. Andrew by the Wardrobe
St. Benet, Paul's Wharf
St. mary Magdalen
Baynard Castle, 1660
College of Arms
Regalia of a King of Arms
The Court of Arches
The Prerogative Court
The Court of Faculties and Dispensations
The Court of Admiralty
The Court of Delegates
|CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward|
|CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward|
|CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward|
|CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward|
|CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within|
|CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without|
|CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard|
|CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within|
St. Martin Ludgate
House of Friars' Preachers
House or Convent of Grey Friars or Friars Minors
South View of the West Cloister of the Grey Friars
Old College of Physicians
The Gentleman and Porter
The Bishops Palace
The Chapter House
St. Faith's Church
St> Paul's School
|CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without|
St. Andrew, Holborn
St. Bartholomew the Less
St. Bride's, alias St> Bridget
St. Dunstan's in the West
St. Bartholomew the Great
Priory of St. Bartholomew
House of Carmelites or White Friars
Hospital of St. Bartholomew
Lamb Conduit, Snow Hill
Gaol fo rthe City of London and County of Middlesex called Newgate
The Scottish Hospital
|CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward|
|CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward|
|CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward|
|CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward|
|CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward|
|CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward|
|CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward|