The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


The Wardrobe.


This building was built by sir John Beauchamp, knight of the garter, son of Guido earl of Warwick; on his decease in , his executors sold the mansion to Edward III. who converted it into a


receptacle for his wardrobe. Sir John removed many houses for his intended building, which occasioned a remonstrance from the rector. Upon which the king ordered him a compensation for his tithes, of per annum.

In Mr. Malcolm's Londinium Redivivum are extracts from a manuscript in the , being the original accounts of Piers Courteys, keeper of the great wardrobe, from to Michaelmas, Edward IV. He had the care of the liveries of the brotherhoods of St. George and the garter; the robes of the king, queen, their children, and the principal nobility, for which he received, as his salary, per annum.

From the manuscript, it appears, he time delivered, for the kings own use,

a long gown of cloth of gold, blue upon satin, enamylled and lined with green satin; a doublet of blue satin, lined with Holland cloth, &c.

He received in the above period for the use of his office; , of which was appropriated to the purchase of velvets, satins, damaske, &c. for ounces of spangles, and for cloth of gold tissue.

Purchased fox skins at each; white lamb skins, at per .

item is for feather beds and bolsters for

our sovereign lord the king,

pair shoon of Spanysh leder, double soled and not lyned; price the peire

Numerous taylors were employed within the wardrobe, of whom are charged as working days, at per day each; skinners, days, at per day each.

Another curious item is for candles consumed, when

the king's highnesse and goode grace rested and abode at his said grete wardrobe,

dozen and at per pound.

For making a gown and a hood of the livery of the garter for the duke of Ferrar,

The expences of binding books was as follows:

Paid to Piers Baudwyn, stationer, for binding, gilding, and dressing of a book called Titus Livius, ; the same for the Holy Trinity, a.; the Bible, , &c.

In this house resided sir John Fortescue, knt. master of the wardrobe, chancellor and under-treasurer of the exchequer, and of the privy-council to queen Elizabeth. The secret letters and writings, touching the estate of the realm, were formerly enrolled in the king's wardrobe, and not in the Chancery, as appears by various records.

In Castle Baynard ward was an ancient palace of the kings of England, situated on the south side of , and extending from the cathedral to the river-side. The windows of of the southern apartments opened upon the river Thames, not


then confined by quays and wharfs, to its present narrowed stream. To the north it extended as far as the close of the cathedral. The north-east angle of the tower is presumed to have occupied the spot, now , and No. on the south side of yard. The old city wall, running in a strait line from Ludgate to the Thames, served, it is probable, as the western boundary. This palace was certainly erected either by Alfred, Edward, or Athelstan, probably by the last mentioned monarch, whose name of Adelstan (as he was called by an imperfect Norman utterance) is still preserved in the corrupted pronunciation of Adel hill, near the spot where the palace stood. An undoubted allusion to this

palace as the abode of royalty occurs in the reign of Canute, in whose presence the perfidious Edric, after a very summary process, expiated his treason with his life, and his body was thrown out of the windows into the river Thames.

This Saxon palace was forsaken by Edward the Confessor, who transferred his residence to the new foundation at . It was certainly destroyed by fire, with the cathedral, in , and was not rebuilt.


[] Vol ii. p. 361.

[] Harl. 4780.

[] Gent's Mag. vol. 96. pt. 1. pp. 293, 94.

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward