The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3
This port or harbour, anciently known by the name of Edred's hithe, in , with passages to it out of the city, down , the other down Huggen-lane, is a large receptacle for ships, lighters, barges, and such other vessels. This hithe formerly belonged to named Edred, and was then called Edred's-hithe, which subsequently falling into the hands of king Stephen, it was by his charter confirmed to Will. de Ypre. The farm thereof in fee and in heritage, Will. de Ypre gave to the prior and convent of the Holy Trinity within , as appears by the following charter:
This Edred's Hithe, after the aforesaid grants, came again into the king's hands, by what means is not known.
In the year of Henry III. being then called Ripa Reginae, he granted it to Richard de Ripary, i. e. Rivers. And in the of his reign he granted it to Thomae Cirencestriae,
But it still belonged to the queen, and therefore was called Ripa Regina, the Queen's Bank, or Queen's-hithe.
Henry III. in the of his reign, commanded the constable of the to arrest the ships of the Cinque Ports, on the river of Thames, and to compel them to bring their corn to no other place, but to Queen's-hithe. The same year the constable was required to arrest the said ships in the Thames, to carry their corn only to the ports of the realm. The words are,
In the year of his reign, he charged the said constable to distrain any fish offered to be sold in any place of this city, but at the Queen's-hithe.
In the of the same king's reign, an inquisition was made before William of York, provost of Beverley, Henry of Bath, and Hierome of Caxton, justices itinerants, sitting in the , touching the customs of , observed in the year last before the wars between the king his father, and the barons of England; and of old customs of other times.
After this, the bailiffs of the said Hithe complained, that, since the said recognition, foreign ships, laden with fish, arrived at , which ships should have arrived at the said Hithe. And therefore it was ordered, that if any foreign ship, laden with fish, should in form aforesaid arrive elsewhere than at this Hithe, it should be at the king's pleasure to amerce them at Notwithstanding, the ships of the citizens of London were at liberty to arrive where the owners would appoint them.
In the year of the reign of Henry III. he confirmed the grant of Richard earl of Cornwall, of the farm of the , unto John Gisors, then mayor, and to the commonalty of London, and their successors for ever, as appears by the following charter:
It seems Queen-hithe was in the hands of the earl of Cornwall at the death of Henry III. and the citizens supposed it was wrongfully detained from them; for upon an inquisition appointed by the justices the of Edward I. they make this presentment:
The charge of was subsequently delivered to the sheriffs, but the profits were worth nothing. Fabian says, that in his time it was not worth above a year.
Against Queen-hithe, on the river Thames, of late years, says Mr. Maitland, was placed a corn-mill, upon or betwixt barges or lighters; and there ground corn, as water-mills in other places; to the wonder of many that had not seen the like. But this lasted not long without decoy: such as caused the same barges to be removed and taken asunder, are soon forgotten. I read of the like to have been in former time, as thus:
Here are several considerable wharfs; as, Brookes's-wharf, and Broken-wharf, a water-gate or quay so called of being broken and fallen down into the Thames.
Brookes's-wharf leads to the river Thames, having a large wharf, with quays therein, for the landing of corn, malt, and other goods, &c.
By Broken-wharf was formerly a large old building of stone, with arched gates; which in the d year of the reign of Henry III. belonged to Hugh de Bygot; and in the of Edward II. to Thomas Brotherton, the king's brother, earl of Norfolk, marshal of England. John Mowbray, the last duke of Norfolk of that family, had this house, which descended to his daughter Anne, wife of Richard Plantagenet duke of York, and was settled, with other lands, upon the said Richard by act of parliament, . On the division of the Mowbray property between Howard and Berkeley, John duke of Norfolk had this place. In , an act was passed to enable the duke of Norfolk to sell his house at Brokenwharf to Richard Gresham, and the said Richard to sell it to the lord mayor of London.
says Stow (now belonging to the
| city of London) |
On the west side of Labour-in-vain hill, is the churchyard and some remains of the church of St. Mary, Mounthaw; it derives its name from its founder Mountauts, or Montalto, belonging to a family in Norfolk of that name, and was an ancient church.
Against the south wall is a shield of arms within a quaterfoil, which probably belonged to the ancient church. The arms are a chevron, in chief lions faces, and in base a fish haurient.
On the west side of is
 Printed at length in Maitland's History of London, vol. ii p 1027.
 Maitland, ii. p. 1029.
 Parliament Rolls, vol. vi. pp. 168. 529.
 Lords' Journals, vol. i, p. 149.