The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


Gate of the Priory of the Holy Trinity.



The gate of this priory, here delineated, stood in the parish


of St. James, Duke's-place, at the north end of Cree-church-lane; the apartments above the gate, which were of modern erection, were formerly occupied as the ward school-rooms. These remains were destroyed in .

On the dissolution of the priory, the chapel before mentioned became the only place (after the conventual church was pulled down) for the inhabitants within that district to repair to for divine Service. This, however, creating some dislike among the inhabitants of Duke's-place, they were desirous of raising a proper parish church for themselves, on the ground within their own precinct; to effect which, they applied to the archbishop of Canterbury for his assistance; who, having obtained the king's warrant, under the great seal, for proceeding in their pious intention, prevailed with the lord mayor, aldermen, and common-council, to build them a church, with the stones of the conventual church, which then remained on the premises. This was accordingly done, and the church was consecrated and dedicated to St. James, on the . The liberty of Duke's-place formerly enjoyed great privileges, in which they appear to have been more protected by the power of the Norfolk family than by right; since the lord mayor is entitled to hold a court leet and baron, and the city officers can arrest for debt, and execute warrants within it; yet artificers and traders open shops, and exercise their arts here, although not freemen of the city. The Jews settled here, principally, in the time of the Commonwealth. In the month of March or April, according as Easter falls, there is a fair held in Duke's-place, called the Jews' fair, which is probably of great antiquity. It is a kind of carnival, and is denominated the feast of Purim. Though the Jews have held rejoicings at this period in Duke's-place ever since their establishment there, yet they were not publicly sanctioned till the litter part of the last century, when the city allowed the parish of St. James the privilege of letting out the ground for days, to the itinerant show-men, by which, says Mr. Smith, the parish makes about On the north side of stood a religious house, called


[] Smith's Anc. Topog. of London, p. 21.

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward