The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


St. Christopher le Stocks.



St. Christopher's church stood upon the site now occupied by the western wing of the principal front of the Bank. It was of considerable antiquity, as appears from Richard at Lane being collated thereunto in . It was in the patronage of the bishop of London, and was not totally destroyed by the fire of London, being repaired in the years and , under the direction of sir Christopher Wren ; the body was modernized, and contained large arched windows, with a clerestory. The tower was lofty, square in plan, with an octangular turret at each angle, which finished above the battlements in obelisks of the same form ending in vanes, being almost a counterpart of the steeple of St. Sepulchre's church.

The interior was not unlike many other churches erected by sir Christopher Wren, it was divided into a nave and aisles, the tower being situated within the walls, and occupying the west end of the south aisle. The body and aisles were divided by composite columns, sustaining an architrave. The ceilings were horizontal and pannelled; a monument now in the parish church of St. Margaret, , occupied the place of a window in the north aisle, and the pulpit and desks were grouped against of the columns, on the north side of the nave. The south aisle had a gallery extending the whole length of that portion which was clear of the tower. The altar screen of carved oak, was decorated with columns sustaining an entablature and pediment, surmounted by candlesticks on acroteria; the wall above was painted with a curtain drawn up to display the Hebrew name of the Deity, in a circle of carving in


relief, consisting of vine leaves, grapes, and wheat ears, the whole surrounded by a splendid irradiation.

In this church was buried Mr. John Kendrick, (citizen and draper of London), a native of Reading, who died in , and whose extensive bequests to that town, and to Newbury, to the draper's company, , , &c. amounted to upwards of And also William Varelst, a descendant of Simon Varelst the celebrated fruit and flower painter in the time of Charles II. On the north side of St. Christopher's church yard, was situated the principal penny post office, previous to its removal to .

Opposite the east entrance to the Bank, at the upper end of , (so called from sir William Capel, lord mayor in , who had a mansion or inn here) is the

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward