The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas

1827

The House of Crutched Friars.

At the south-east corner of stood a house of Crouched (or Crossed) Friars, founded by Ralph Hosier and William Sabernes, about the year . Stephen, the prior of the Holy Trinity in London, granted tenements for by the year, unto the said Ralph Hosier and William Sabernes, who afterwards became friars of St. Crosse. Adam was the prior of that house. These friars founded their house in the place of certain tenements purchased of Richard Wimbush, the prior of the Holy Trinity, in the year , which was confirmed by Edward III. in the of his reign, valued at , surrendered , Henry VIII.

Andrew de Bures gave to this house, Edward III. messuage and acres of land, and acre of meadow, in Aketon; and messuage and acres of land in Walding-field, in the county of Suffolk.

There was a licence granted ( Edward III.) to the prior of the Holy Cross, to get lands in Oxon; and likewise the prior obtained a grant for a tenement in Synedene-lane, now called .

At a court of common-council, in the latter end of the reign of Henry VIII., an act was passed for granting to the prior and convent of the Crossed Friars, beside the (to the intent that they should pray for the good estate of the city) some

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common ground of the said city, for the enlargement of their church, viz. in breadth, from the east end of their church, from the main wall thereof on the north part, into the high street there, feet of assize; and at the west end of their church, in breadth feet and a half, stretching in length from the east towards the west part, score and feet and a half.

At another court holden on Tuesday, ( Henry VIII.), the said prior and convent petitioned for succour towards the edifying and maintenance of their new church, and to take upon them and the whole city to be their founders. Whereupon it was agreed that several exhortations should be made in writing to every fellowship or company in London, to see what they would do for their devotions towards the same; and such sums to be certified to the mayor and aldermen, to the intent it may be known to what it will amount.

A prior of this house in Henry VIII.«s time, not so observant as he ought to have been of the rules of continence prescribed by the order, was caught on a Friday (a day of more than ordinary mortification and devotion), about o'clock, in bed with a lewd woman, by some of the visitors appointed by the vicar-general Cromwell. The scandalized visitors pocketed a bribe of given them by the detected prior, and reported the transaction to their employer. This hastened the dissolution of the house, which was granted by Henry VIII. to sir Thomas Wyatt, who built a handsome mansion on the site, which was afterwards the residence of lord Lumley, who distinguished himself greatly at the battle of Flodden field, in the reign of Henry VIII. The friars' hall was converted into a glass-house, the manufactory of that article in England, which, with billets of wood, was destroyed by fire on the .

In the church of this house were several handsome monuments. Among the principal persons buried there were

86

 

Sir John Milbourn was a benefactor to this house of the Crutched-friars. He set up his tomb in their church in his life-time, and appointed a solemn obit to be kept there, during the life of himself, and his wife Dame Johan; and, after his decease, to be also kept in the said church by the said friars, for their souls. He was buried here, but afterwards removed to St. Edmund's the King.

And his beadsmen, dwelling in his alms-house, (which will be mentioned hereafter) hard by, were to come daily unto this church, where they should in some convenient place near unto the said tomb, abide and continue while the service of God, or, at least, until such time the whole mass, which daily should be begun in the said church by the hour of o'clock in the morning, or thereabouts, should be sung or said, for evermore, at the altar called Our Lady's Altar, in the middle aisle of the said church, founded by the said sir John Milbourn; to the intent that the said poor beadsmen, afore the beginning of the said mass, of them standing right over against the other, about, and encompassing the same tomb or burial-place of sir John Milbourn, shall severally, and of them together, say the , and a , , and , with a collect thereunto belonging; and such of them as could not say the psalm of , were to say a , and : which prayers, as the will directs, they should especially say for the good and prosperous estate of the said sir John, and Dame Johan their children and friends now living; and, after their decease, for the souls of the said sir John and Dame Johan, and Margaret his wife, their fathers and mothers, children, and friends souls, and all christian souls.

In the church of those friars was founded fraternities of Dutchmen, which nation seem to have resided hereabouts. Their foundations and ordinances are printed at length, in Maitland's history of London.

The very ruins of this religious house,

says Mr. Maitland,

are not now to be seen,

(i. e. in )

and nothing of it remains, only it gives name to the street, being more commonly called

Crutched Friars

than

Hart-street

.

On its site was erected the Navy Office, the business of which being removed to Somerset-house, it was purchased by the East India Company.

On the site of this religious house, now stands a most extensive and magnificent warehouse for teas belonging to the East India Company. It is a regular oblong square, of feet, by an , inclosing a court of a feet, by , entered by an arched gateway, above which are the Company's arms.

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Vol. ii. p. 783.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward