The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 3

Allen, Thomas


St. Anthony's Hospital.


On the north side of , in the parish of St. Benet Fink, near where the French church stands, was formerly the hospital of St. Anthony, some time a cell to that of St. Anthony of Vienna. It appears king Henry III. granted to the brotherhood of St. Anthony of Vienna a place amongst the Jews, which was some time their synagogue, and had been built by them, about the year . But the Christians obtained of the king, that it should be dedicated to our blessed lady: and since, an hospital being there built, was called St. Anthony's of London. It was founded in the parish of St. Benet Fink, for a master, priests, school master, and poor men: after which foundation, amongst other things given to this hospital, was a messuage and garden, whereon was built a large free-school, and other parcel of ground, containing feet in length, and feet in breadth, in the parish of St. Benet Fink. This was given to the master of the hospital, to the enlarging of their church, and house to the same belonging, for a master, priests, &c. in the of Henry VI.

King Henry VI. in the of his reign, gave to John Carpenter, doctor of divinity, master of St. Anthony's hospital, and to his brethren and their successors for ever, his manor of Ponington, with the appurtenances, with certain pensions and portions of Milburn, Turneworth, Charlton, and Up wimburne, in the county of Southampton, towards the maintenance of scholars in the University of Oxford, to be brought up in the faculty of arts, after the rate of per week for every scholar: so that the said scholars, before their going to Oxford, be instructed in the rudiments of grammar at the college of Eaton, founded by the said king.

In the year , Edward the IVth granted to William Say, bachelor of divinity, master of the hospital of St. Anthony's, to have priests, clerks, scholars, poor men, and brethren of the same, clerks or laymen, choristers, proctors, messengers, and other things whatsoever, like as the prior and convent of St. Anthony of Vienna, &c. This hospital was annexed, united, and appropriated unto the collegiate church of St. George in Windsor, about the year , as was reported by sir Anthony Baker, master of the said hospital, to sir John Woolfborne, knt. and other commissioners in the of Henry VIII.

The proctors of this house were to collect the benevolence of


charitable persons towards the building and supporting thereof: and among other things remarkable in this place, Mr. Stow says, he remembered that the officers charged with the oversight of the markets in this city, did several times take from the market-people pigs starved, or otherwise unwholesome for man's sustenance; these they used to slit in the ear; and of the proctors for St. Anthony's having tied a bell about the neck of of them, and turned it to feed on the dunghills, no man would hurt or take it up, but if any gave them bread, or other feeding, such they would know, watch for, and daily follow, whining till they had somewhat given them : from whence arose the proverb, that such a would follow such a , and whine like an Anthony pig. But if of these pigs grew to be fat, and came to good liking, as oftentimes they would, then the proctor took it up for the use of the hospital.

Since the annexing this hospital to Windsor College, in the year , the of Henry VII. sir John Tate, some time ale-brewer, then a mercer, caused his brew-house, called the Swan, near adjoining to the said free chapel, college, or hospital of St. Anthony, to be taken down for the enlarging of the church, which was then newly built; toward the building whereof the said Tate gave great sums of money.

This goodly foundation having a free-school and alms-houses for poor men, built of hard stone, adjoining to the west end of the church, was of old time confirmed by Henry VI. in the year .

Sir John Tate deceased , and was there buried in a monument by him prepared, as appeareth by an indenture tripartite, made between the said John Tate, the dean of Windsor, and William Milbourne, chamberlain.

Walter Champion, draper, of the sheriffs of London, , was buried there, and gave to the beadmen The lands, by year, of this hospital were valued, in the year of Henry VIII. to be

Here was also an antient marble tomb of John Taylor, some time master of the Rolls, remaining long after the French enjoyed the church, viz.

Religionis interest monumenta extrui et ornai.

Johannes Taylor trigeminor, natu primus, illustrissimno rege Henrico VIIIo imperante, archichartophylax, in hac sacra oede teneris ab unguiculis enutritus, ad laudem Dei omnipotentis, et istius celebris et beatissimi patris Antonii ecclesiae ornamentum et decus, ad oblivionis procacitatem, quae rerum omnium citius obfuscat memorium, effugandam, hoc vivus et superstes posuit, quia praestat tempestive quam fero sapere, executoribus negligentibus ac avaris hujusmodi curam relinquendo, Anno Dom. MDXXXII.

Quocunq; ingrederis, sequitur mors corporis umbram.



Mr. Maitland says,


Johnson (a school-master here) became a prebendary of Windsor, and then (by little and little) spoiled this hospital: he


dissolved the choir, conveyed away the plate and ornaments, then the cells, and, lastly, put out the almsmen from their houses, appointing them portions of


the week to each: but afterwards their houses, with others, were let out for rent, and the church was a preaching place for the French nation, who hold it of the church of Windsor.


[] Maitland ii. p 844.

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: The site, extent, buildings, population, commerce, and a view of the progressive increase of London
 CHAPTER II: List of the parishes and churches in London, with their incumbents, &c
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of Aldersgate Ward
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of Aldgate Ward
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of Bassishaw Ward
CHAPTER VI: History and Topography of Billingsgate Ward
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of Bishopsgate Ward, Without and Within
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of Bread-street Ward
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of Bridge Ward Within
CHAPTER X: History and Topography of Broad-street Ward
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of Candlewick Ward
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of Castle Baynard Ward
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of Cheap Ward
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of Coleman-street Ward
CHAPTER XV: History and Topography of Cordwainer's-street Ward
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of Cornhill Ward
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Ward Within
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of Cripplegate Yard Without
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topography of Dowgate Yard
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of Farringdom Ward Within
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of Farringdon Ward Without
CHAPTER XXII: History and Topography of Langbourn Ward
CHAPTER XXIII: History and Topography of Lime-street Ward
CHAPTER XXIV: History and Topogrpahy of Portsoken Ward
CHAPTER XXV: History and Topography of Queenhithe Ward
CHAPTER XXVI: History and Topography of Tower Ward
CHAPTER XXVII: History and Topography of Vintry Ward
CHAPTER XXVIII: History and Topography of Wallbrook Ward