The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas

1827

Burlington House

, the noble founder of which said that he placed it there,

because he was certain no

one

would build beyond him.

It is on the north side eastward of ; and was greatly improved by the celebrated earl,

whose taste in the fine arts did the nation so much honour.

It is unfortunately surrounded with a brick wall, so that scarcely the roof, or even the chimney tops, can be seen from the opposite side of the street.

The house is very large; and if the wall were removed would be a great ornament to this part of the town. It has a stone front remarkable for the beauty of its design and workmanship. A circular colonnade of the Doric order joins the wings; but there appears to be a disproportion between the size of the house and this superb colonnade.

This house was left to the Devonshire family, on the express condition, that it should not be demolished.

It was constructed by Boyle, earl of Burlington; of whose daughters and heiresses having married the late marquis of Hartington, brought this superb mansion, together with Chiswick, to the duke of Devonshire.

In , was purchased of the duke of Devonshire, by his uncle, lord George Cavendish, who repaired all those parts of the building erected by lord Burlington; and by raising the Venetian windows of the south front to the height of the others, completed his designs for this facade. His lordship also took down and rebuilt the whole house, except the front elevation, and some rooms connected with it; restored the terraces and terrace steps in the garden, and converted a narrow slip of ground on the west side into a passage, with a range of shops on each side, called , which, during the season, is of the most fashionable promenades at the west end of the town.

The state apartments of are on the floor. The ceiling of the saloon was painted by sir James Thornhill. The whole of this fine suite of apartments are adorned with a valuable collection of paintings by the old masters.

Eastward of is

 
 
Footnotes:

[] Malcolm Lond. ubi supra.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda
 Postscript