The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas

1827

Abbot Eastney, 1498.

At the foot of General Wolfe's monument is a brass figure of this abbot under a canopy. From his mouth proceeds this label: the principal inscription is gone.

The monumental figure in Roman armour, before Islip's chantry commemorates sir George Holles. He died .

On the pavement just before him kneel the loaded esquires, much mutilated, whose shoulders sustain the heavy slab of black marble, on which are the battered alabaster portions of the armour of sir Horace Vere, who died . His short and clumsy figure, well executed, rests fearless of the impending weight, covered with dust beneath.

Above is a pyramidal monument, by Bacon, to the memory of captain Edward Cooke, commander of H. M. S. Sybelle, erected by the hon. East India Company. He died in consequence of the severe wounds he received while engaging La Forte, French frigate, in the Bay of Bengal, on the d of . aged . The captain is finely represented, falling into the arms of a seaman, with many well-executed emblems. In the centre the ships are represented as closely engaged. This monument is highly creditable to the artist, and is in his best style.

Part of the pillar near those tombs has been cut away to admit representing Britannia in an attitude of defiance, with an extended right arm wielding lightning; her left rests on a medallion. She is very masculine; and her seat, upon a small pedestal on side of a larger, gives an uneasy air to the statue, which is upon the whole not quite what might have expected from Bacon. There is a happy thought expressed, in a relief, of sea-horses protecting an anchor within a wreath of laurel. It is

Sacred to the memory of sir George Pocock, K. B who entered early into the navel service of his country, under the auspices of his uncle, Lord Torrington; and who; emulating his great example, rose with high reputation to the rank of Admiral of the Blue. His abilities as an officer stood confessed by his conduct on a variety of occasions. But his gallant and Intrepid spirit was more fully displayed by the distinguished part he bore at the taking of Geriah, and in leading the attack at the reduction of Chandernagore; and afterwards when, with an inferior force, he defeated the French fleet under M. de Ache in three general engagements, showing what British valour can achieve aided by professional skill and experience. Indefatigably active and persevering in his own duty, he enforced a most strict observance of it in others, at the same time with so much mildness, with such condescending manners, as to gain the love and esteem of all who served under him, whose merits he was not more quick in discerning, or more ready to reward, than he was ever backward in acknowledging his own. Returning from his successful career in the east, he was appointed to command the fleet in the expedition against the Havannah; by his united efforts in the conquests of which, he added fresh laurels to his own brow, and a valuable possession to this kingdom. Upon his retiring from public employment, he spent the remainder of his life in dignified ease and splendour; hospitable and generous to his friends, and exhibiting a striking picture of Christian benevolence by his countenance and support of public charities, and by his liberalities to the poor. A life so honourable to himself and so endeared to his friends and family was happily extended to the age of 86, when he resigned it with the same tranquil and serene mind, which peculiarly marked and adorned the whole course of it. He left, by Sophia his wife, daughter of George Francis Drake, esq. and who as first married to Commodore Dent, a son and daughter; George Pocock, esq. who caused this monument to be erected; and Sophia, married to John Earl Poulett.

Between the next pillars,

Here rest the ashes of Joseph Gascoigne Nightingale, of Mainhead, in the county of Devon, esq. who died

July 20th, 1752

, aged

56

; and of lady Elizabeth, his wife, daughter and co-heir of Washington Earl Ferrers, who died

August 17, 1734

, aged

27

. Their only son, Washington Gascoigne Nightingale, esq. deceased, in memory of their virtues did by his last will order this monument to be erected.

And he has thus immortalized their memories, and the lame of Roubiliac, his artist. This wonderful tomb, of the great efforts of a great mind, is characteristic from the key-stone of the grey marble rustic niche to the base of the yawning sepulchre, whose heavy doors have grated open to release a skeleton bound in its deathly habiliments, of such astonishing truth of expression and correctness of arrangement, as it perhaps never fell to man's genius to execute. The dying figure of lady Nightingale seems to exert its last fading strength to clasp and lean upon her husband, whose extended arm would repel the unerring dart pointed at her breast. The eager impatience of Death to make sure of his prey is finely imagined, not only in the general attitude, but particularly in the manner in which he holds his long dart; he has suddenly seized it at the end, grasping and discommoding the feathers. The dart is somewhat thick and clumsy.

Adjoining is the monument of Sarah, duchess of Somerset, who died . On each side is a weeping charity boy.

The vast tomb to sir Francis Norris, knight, is, after the fashion of queen Elizabeth's time, ponderous, of costly materials, and gilt. The effigies, which rest under a tall Corinthian canopy, are good: and of the kneeling knights are very excellent figures.

Behind it are some fragments of the arches on the wall: and to the left a large and angular-roofed door, the mouldings resting on foliaged capitals of slender columns.

The north end of the aisle is divided into parts in height, the basement into arches, supported by columns, of which had been destroyed. are restored on the sides of the monument

Sacred to the memory of Susannah Jane Davidson. only daughter

of William Davidson, of Rotterdam, merchant. Her form the most elegant and lovely, was adorned by the native purity and simplicity of her mind, which was improved by every accomplishment education could bestow. It pleased the Almighty to visit her in the bloom of life with a lingering and painful disease, which she endured with fortitude and Christian resignation, and of which she died at Paris,

January the first, 1767

, aged

20

. To her much loved memory this monument is erected by her afflicted father.

The sculpture is by R. Hayward: but he has failed sadly in imitating the thought of the Nightingale tomb in a basso-relievo. The rest is handsome and appropriate. The ornament of the spaces over the arches is a figure whose arms are extended, surrounded by others in supplication; a kneeling female, her hands clasped, a cross behind her, surrounded by foliage; the a broken headless figure, to whom presents a lion, with other animals near him.

The upper part of the wall is exactly like that of the west aisle. In the north-east a door now built up.

Against the back of the tomb of John Holles, duke of Newcastle, reposes on the pavement, in a large coffin, covered with crimson velvet, inclosed only by a slight altar-tomb of variegated marble, covered by a slab of black, the late countess of Kerry.

Above is a polished plane of dark veined marble, on which is a pyramid and mantle of white, and an earl's coronet:

To the affectionately beloved and honoured memory of Anastasia, Countess of Kerry, daughter of the late Peter Daly, esq. of Queensbury, in the county of Galway, in Ireland, who departed this life on the 9th, and was deposited here on the 18th day of April, 1799. Her most afflicted husband, Francis Thomas, earl of Kerry, whom she rendered during 31 years the happiest of mankind, not only by an affection which was bounded by her love to God, and to which there never was a single moment's interruption, but also by the practice of the purest religion and piety, of charity and benevolence, of truth and sincerity, of the sweetest and most angelic meekness and simplicity, and of every virtue that can adorn the human mind, has placed this inscription to bear testimony of his gratitude to her, of his admiration of her innumerable virtues, and of his most tender and affectionate love for her; intending when it shall please God to release him from this world, to be deposited with her here in the same coffin; and hoping that his merciful God will consider the severe blow which it has pleased his Divine will to inflict upon him, in taking from him the dearest, the most beloved, the most charming, the most faithful, and affectionate companion that ever blessed man, together with the load of his succeeding sorrows, as an expiation of his past offences; and that he will grant him his grace so to live, as that he may, through his Divine mercy, and through the precious intercession of our blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, hope for the blessing of being soon united with her in eternal happiness.

In death they were not divided. Francis Thomas Earl of Kerry, died July 4, 1818, aged 78. His remains according to the wish above expressed, are here deposited in the same tomb with his affectionately beloved Anastasia, whose loss he long and deservedly deplored. Upon her death, retiring from the world, he passed the remainder of his days in privacy and seclusion. Piety to God, and benevolence to man, were the principles which occupied his thoughts and divided his life; actuated by a lively sense of religion, he enjoyed that serenity of mind, and cheerfulness of temper, by which Christianity is so peculiarly distinguished. His. extensive bounties were dispensed with liberal, but secret munificence, seldom disclosing, even to those whom they relieved, the source whence they flowed. Public institutions, distressed individuals, private friends, experienced the benefit of his well regulated economy, demonstrating that though he had shrunk from the survey of the world, he had not forgotten its most important duties; ever studious to fulfil those two great commandments, on which he had been taught by his Divine master, hang all the law and the prophets.

Adjoining is a beautiful pyramidal monument of white marble to the memory of rear-admiral Thomas Totty, who died of a malignant fever, while at sea, on the , in the year of his age.

Next is a well-executed monument to the memory of Benjamin John Forbes (by Banks) late lieutenant in the regiment of foot, and Richard Gordon Forbes, late lieutenant in the regiment of foot-guards; both of whom fell gloriously in the service of their king and country; the former at the assault of Kestnagberry in the East Indies, , aged years; the latter near Alkmaar, North Holland, , aged years. A weeping figure reclines between urns, surmounted by willows: on the urns are inscribed the initials of each hero. The figure holds a scroll in his left hand, on which is the following passage:

I shall go to them, but they shall not return to me.2 Sam. 23.

A pyramidal monument of white marble, by Nollekens, to the memory of Charles Stuart, esq. next strikes the eye. The Latin inscription imports that he died in the year , aged . There is a good medallion, on which a naked boy reclines, throwing aside drapery to discover it. The whole is surmounted by the family arms.

Adjoining is a neat marble monument to the memory of lieutenant-general William Anne Villettes, who was seized with a fever during a tour of military inspection, in the island of Jamaica, and died near Port Antonio, , aged .

A monument in this chapel, by Wilton, is inscribed on the sarcophagus,

Memoriae sacrum Algernois comitis de Mountrath, et Dianae comitissae. Hoc monumentum superstes illa poni voluit

1771

. Sic quos in vita junxit feliciter, idem in tumulo vel post funera jungit Amor.

The design is by sir William Chambers; an angel assists her ladyship in ascending from the sarcophagus to a vacant seat by her husband, who is supposed to be in the realms of bliss on a mass of clouds. The artist seems to have forgot that distance cannot well be expressed on marble, and that by attempting it the earl appears a boy to his countess a few feet lower. The naked parts of the figures are very good, the drapery very bad, and the rays of glory like bundles of Tuscan cornices. The clouds are like nothing.

Adjoining is a well-executed monument to the memory of Richard Kemperfelt, rear-admiral of the blue, who was lost in H. M. S. Royal George at Spithead, on the . On the column is represented the Royal George, sinking, and the admiral ascending into the heavenly regions, surmounted by an angel.

In a corner of this chapel is a handsome monument surmounted with Greek ornaments, and a bust of the deceased, to the memory

86

of Matthew Baillie, M. D. who died October , aged . It was executed by Chantrey in .

is composed of many stones, whose owners have vainly endeavoured to transmit their names by them to posterity. Some of them are fairly worn out, and others have been robbed of their brass. On a large blue slab is an inscription to William Moor, esq. late attorney-general of Barbadoes, who died on the , aged years.

 
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 Title Page
 Dedication
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda
 Postscript