The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas

1827

Suffolk House.

This house was also called, while it was in the duke's possession, the Duke's Place; which place he exchanged with the said king Henry the ; and the king, in return, gave him the bishop of Norwich's house in St. Martin's-in-the-fields; on this exchange, which was enacted the of Henry the , it took the name of Southwark-palace, and a Mint was established here for the king's use; whence its present name.

Edward the , in the year of his reign, came from , and dined in this house, where he knighted John Yorke, of the sheriffs of London, and returned through the city to .

Mary I. gave the mansion to Nicholas Heth, archbishop of York, and to his successors for ever, to be their inn or lodging for their repair to London, as a recompense for York house, near , which king Henry, her father, had taken from cardinal Wolsey, and the see of York.

Archbishop Heth sold the premises, and the purchasers pulled it down, sold the lead, stone, iron, &c. and built on the site many small cottages, on which they imposed great rents,

to the increasing of beggars in that borough.

The archbishop bought Norwich house above mentioned, on account of its vicinity to the court, and left it to his successors. The purchasers are said to have pulled part of it down; but it

474

seems so much was left that Edward Bromfield, esq. lord mayor in , made it his residence. He was owner in . His son John was created a baronet . In , he is described as of Suffolk-place, bart. in the marriage settlement with Joyce, only child of Thomas Lant, esq. son and heir of William Lant, of London, merchant. This estate devolving to the Lant family, we find that in the of queen Anne, an act was passed for the improvement of Suffolk-place, empowering Thomas Lant to let leases for years. In it was advertised to be let, as aeres, on which were houses, rental per annum. The entire estate was sold in lots, in , the rental of the estate being per annum.

The Mint continued for many years an asylum for debtors and fraudulent persons, who took refuge here with their effects, and set their creditors at defiance, but this and similar privileges were entirely suppressed by parliament in the reign of George I.

The inhabitants of Whitefriars, Savoy, Salisbury-court, Ramalley, Mitre-court, Fullwood's Rents, Baldwin's-gardens, Montague-close, the , Clink, and Deadman's-place, assumed to themselves a privilege of protection from arrests for debt; against whom a severe, though just statute was made, and William III. chap. ,

whereby any person having monies owing from any in these pretended privileged places, may, upon a legal process taken out, require the sheriffs of London and Middlesex, the head bailiff of the duchy, liberty, or the high sheriff of Surrey, or bailiff of

Southwark

, or their deputies, to take a

posse comitatis

, and arrest such persons, or take their goods upon execution or extent, and the sheriffs or officers neglecting, to forfeit to the plaintiff

100l.

, and every person opposing them, to forfeit

50l.

and to be sent to gaol till the next assize, and to suffer such imprisonment, and be set in the pillory, as the court shall think fit; and any person rescuing or aiding therein, forfeits to the plaintiff

500l.

and upon non-payment of the forfeitures, the person neglecting, to be transported to some of the plantations for

seven

years; and returning again within that time to be guilty of felony, without benefit of clergy, and persons harbouring those that have made such rescues, shall be transported as aforesaid, unless they pay the plaintiff the whole debt and costs.

Yet this place pretends to as much privilege as before, though this act has suppressed all the other places; and these streets are reckoned within the compass of this Mint, viz. , Crooked-lane there, Bell's-rents, Exchange-alley, , and there; also , , , , , , , Anchor-alley, and , all in the parish of St. George, .

The Mint is at present of the most filthy and inconvenient districts in the Borough.

is perhaps of the most dirty avenues in the

475

neighbourhood of London, though formerly the principal entrance to the metropolis from Kent and the continent. Through this street came the triumphant Henry the on his return from France, after his splendid victory of Agincourt. Near the south end, on the west side, was

 
 
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 Title Page
 Dedication
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda
 Postscript