The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4
This house was also called, while it was in the duke's possession, the Duke's Place; which place he exchanged with the said king Henry the ; and the king, in return, gave him the bishop of Norwich's house in St. Martin's-in-the-fields; on this exchange, which was enacted the of Henry the , it took the name of Southwark-palace, and a Mint was established here for the king's use; whence its present name.
Edward the , in the year of his reign, came from , and dined in this house, where he knighted John Yorke, of the sheriffs of London, and returned through the city to .
Mary I. gave the mansion to Nicholas Heth, archbishop of York, and to his successors for ever, to be their inn or lodging for their repair to London, as a recompense for York house, near , which king Henry, her father, had taken from cardinal Wolsey, and the see of York.
Archbishop Heth sold the premises, and the purchasers pulled it down, sold the lead, stone, iron, &c. and built on the site many small cottages, on which they imposed great rents,
The archbishop bought Norwich house above mentioned, on account of its vicinity to the court, and left it to his successors. The purchasers are said to have pulled part of it down; but it
|seems so much was left that Edward Bromfield, esq. lord mayor in , made it his residence. He was owner in . His son John was created a baronet . In , he is described as of Suffolk-place, bart. in the marriage settlement with Joyce, only child of Thomas Lant, esq. son and heir of William Lant, of London, merchant. This estate devolving to the Lant family, we find that in the of queen Anne, an act was passed for the improvement of Suffolk-place, empowering Thomas Lant to let leases for years. In it was advertised to be let, as aeres, on which were houses, rental per annum. The entire estate was sold in lots, in , the rental of the estate being per annum.
The Mint continued for many years an asylum for debtors and fraudulent persons, who took refuge here with their effects, and set their creditors at defiance, but this and similar privileges were entirely suppressed by parliament in the reign of George I.
The inhabitants of Whitefriars, Savoy, Salisbury-court, Ramalley, Mitre-court, Fullwood's Rents, Baldwin's-gardens, Montague-close, the , Clink, and Deadman's-place, assumed to themselves a privilege of protection from arrests for debt; against whom a severe, though just statute was made, and William III. chap. ,
Yet this place pretends to as much privilege as before, though this act has suppressed all the other places; and these streets are reckoned within the compass of this Mint, viz. , Crooked-lane there, Bell's-rents, Exchange-alley, , and there; also , , , , , , , Anchor-alley, and , all in the parish of St. George, .
The Mint is at present of the most filthy and inconvenient districts in the Borough.
is perhaps of the most dirty avenues in the
|neighbourhood of London, though formerly the principal entrance to the metropolis from Kent and the continent. Through this street came the triumphant Henry the on his return from France, after his splendid victory of Agincourt. Near the south end, on the west side, was