The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas

1827

Monument of John of Eltham.

The alabaster monument of John, earl of Cornwall, on the eastern side of the door, is shamefully injured; but what remains of the decorations and statues are beautifully spirited. The effigy is cross-legged. It had originally a canopy of arches, and must then have ranked among the richest in the church. On his left arm is a neater shield charged with his arms, viz. lions of England within a bordure of fleurs-de-lis. The effigy is less injured than almost any other in this chapel. The statues are some of them gone; only remain perfect on the north side: but on the east side are perfect. At the west end are statues; the middle has the head broken off. of the shields remain in a perfect state. He was son to Edward III. and died at the age of , in the year , at Town, now Perth, Scotland.

Near it is a little altar-tomb of Petworth marble, with diminutive effigies of William of Windsor and Blanche de la Tour, children of Edward III.; the latter died in . The feet of William are sawn away. In the corner is a slab of stained marble, more

109

curious from that circumstance than worthy notice from any elegance in the ornaments or richness in the colours. It is inscribed:

In this chapell lies interr'd all that was mortal of the most illustrious and most benevolent John Paul Howard, earl of Stafford, who, in

1738

, married Elizabeth, daughter of A. Ewens, of the county of Somerset, esq. by Elizabeth his wife. eldest daughter of John St. Aubyn, of Alfoxton, in the same county, esq. His heart was as truly great and noble, as his descent; faithful to his God, a lover of his country, a relation to relations, a detester of detraction, a friend to mankind, naturally generous and compassionate, his liberality and charity to the poor were without bounds. We therefore hope, that at the last day, his body will be received in glory into the eternal tabernacles; being snatch'd away suddenly by death, which he had long meditated and expected with constancy, he went to a better life the

1st of April, 1762

, having lived

61

years,

nine

months, and

six

days. The Countess Dowager, in testimony of her great affection and respect to her Lord's memory, has caused this monument to be placed here.

It is nearly perfect, only soiled by age. The figures round the inscription are the ancient badges of honour belonging to the Stafford family, who descended by different marriages from the royal blood of England and France.

Invented and stained by Robert Chambers.

Another monument of a pyramidal form of white and grey marble, surmounted by a mitre, to the memory of Nicholas Monk, bishop of Hereford, brother to the duke of Albemarle. He died .

At the east end of the ancient arches of the wall remain tolerably perfect. The angles over them contain scrolls and branches of oak, and a figure holding a crown in each hand: the intercolumniation over the altar of St. Edmond appears to have had a painting on it, which has been covered by a dark wash: where that is broken red paint is visible.

Above is a handsome mural monument, consisting of a large tablet of white marble between Corinthian pillars supporting an arched pediment with the family arms, to the memory of Mary, countess of Stafford, who died in the year , aged . Near it is a circular pedestal, on which is seated a statue in Roman armour, intended for Francis Holles, son to the earl of Clare. He died in , aged . Adjoining is the tomb of Frances, duchess of Suffolk. The effigy of the duchess is represented as lying on a mat in her robes with a ducal coronet; the latter, with her face, has been most wantonly mutilated. Here lieth the ladie Frances dvchess of Sovthfolke davghter to Charles Brandon, duke of Sovthfolke, and-Marie the French quene, wife to Henrie dyke of Sovthfolke, and after to Adrian Stock, esqvier.

Lady Jane Seymour, , aged , and lady Katherine Knollys, , have mural monuments of the Corinthian order under the south-east window. The pleasing thought of representing lady Elizabeth Russel asleep in a chair, on a pedestal, pointing to a skulll under her right foot,

she is not dead, but sleeps,

dormit non mortua est

, for a motto, has given rise to an idle fancy

110

propagated from cicerone to another, that she

died by the prick of a needle.

Her left hand is broken off. At her ladyship's right hand, John lord Russel reclines in a posture as unnatural as his dress is badly executed, on a sarcophagus. Behind him is a Corinthian arch. He died in , as did the infant, Francis, whose effigy lies at his feet.

The tomb of sir Bernard Brocas, chamberlain to queen Anne, Richard the 's queen, who was beheaded in , is in a grand Gothic recess in the wall on the south side, the canopy of which is as nearly like that of William de Dudley, already described, as possible; the effigy is in complete armour.

On the ledge of the tomb is the following inscription:--

Hic iacet Bernardvs Brocas, miles T. T. quonda' Camare' Anne Regine Angl. cui Aie ppicietvr Deus Amen.

At the back of the recess is the following inscription :--

Here lieth buried

Sir Bernard Brogas

,

third

son of air John Brocas who had a considerable command of archers at the siege of Calais in

1349

, and was a lineal descendant from sir Bernard Brocas the younger, son of the earl of Foix, in France, who came into England with the Norman king William, and in requital of his services had a grant of land in Hampshire to the then value of

four hundred pounds

per annum, which he chose near Basingstoke, and thereon built a mansion-house and called it

Beau-repaire.

This sir Bernard served in the French wars, and being afterwards sent against the Moors, overcame the king of Morocco in battle, and was allowed to hear for his crest a Moor's head crowned with an old eastern crown: his elder brother sir John being slain in an engagement with the French, near Southampton; and his

second

son Oliver, who was captain seneschal of Guienne and Aquitaine, and governor of Bordeaux, under king Edward

3rd

, dying without issue, sir Bernard succeeded to the paternal inheritance both in England and France, and having married Mary, daughter and heiress of sir John de Roch, had a large estate with her, and the hereditary post of master of the buck-hounds, which was confirmed to him by king, Edward the

Third

, and held by the family till sold in James the

First

's reign. He was chamberlain to Anne, Richard the

Second

's queen, and his son a knight of the same Christian name, was carver to his said majesty; the son was

one

of the conspirators against king Henry the

Fourth

at Oxford, and was afterwards taken and executed at Cirencester, in Gloucestershire; and he himself having raised a considerable force on the same aide advanced to Reading, in Berkshire, which place refusing him admittance, he burnt a part of it, and made the rest his quarters, till on the retreat of the conspirators forces into Oxfordshire, sir Bernard's dispersing, be, with many of his adherents, became an easy prey to the townsmen of Reading, who executed several on the spot, but sent sir Bernard to London, where he was beheaded on

Tower-hill

in

January, 1400

.

Before the last tomb is a small altar-tomb of grey marble on which has been the brass figure of Humphrey Bourchier, who was killed at the battle of Barnet in . The shields, helmet, and a few ornaments are all that remains.

At the west end is a very superb marble tomb, with a sarcophagus at the base, and ( of the middle ones being away) Ionic pillars on a slab, on which lie the effigies of Edward Talbot, the earl of Shrewsbury, and Jane his countess; over them is

111

a grand arch of the Corinthian order, adorned with roses in pannels; and at the sides, composite pillars with an architrave, frieze, and cornice, several of the roses gone.

Within the arch are the effigies of the deceased earl and his lady habited in the costume of the times in which they lived. He died , aged . At the feet of the countess is a female child kneeling.

Near the last is a handsome monument to the memory of sir Richard Pecksall, knt. and his wives, viz. Eleanor, daughter of William Poulett, marquis of Winchester, and Eleanor, daughter of J. Cotgrave, esq. It is of the Corinthian order, and contains small alabaster figures of the knight and his ladies.

The brass effigies of Eleanor de Bohun, duchess of Gloucester, (who died in ) is inlaid on a tomb, a little elevated from the pavement, and in good preservation. of the shields at the feet is gone.

Cy gist Alinore de Bohun eisne fille et un des heirs a honorable seignour Mons' Humfrey de Bohun counte de Hereford, d'Essex et de Nor'hampton et conestable d'Engletre, et femme a puissant et noble Prince Thomas de Wodestocke, filz a tres excellent et tres puissant seignour Edward Roy d'Engleterre puis le Conquest tiers et Duc de Gloucestre counte d'Essex, et de Buckingham, et conestable d'Engletere Qe morrust le tierz iour d'Octobr, l'an du grace Mill. CCCLXXXXIX. De qui alme dieu face Mercy. Amen.

On a tomb of the same description a slab, with a rich brass, forms the monument of Robert Waldby, archbishop of York, who died in ; he is clothed in the episcopal habit, which is exceedingly rich and fringed. Round the ledge this inscription:--

Hic fuit exptus in quobis jure Robtus de Waldebit dict us nunc est sub marmore strictus sacre scriptore Doctor fuit et geniture ingenuus medicus et plebis semper amicus; presul Adurensis, post hec archas Dublinensis hinc Cicestrensis tandem primas Eborensis quarto Kal Junii migravit cur sib' Anni Milleni ter sepm C nonies quoque deni vos precol orate q' sint sibi dona brate cum scis vite requiescat et hic sine lite.

The words in italics are now gone; they are supplied from Dart and Weaver.

At the feet of the above is an inscription with a mitre in brass, for Henry Ferne, bishop of Chester, who died , aged . Near it, on the left, a marble slab, to Thomas de Woodstock, and Eleanor de Bohun.

112

 

A monument to the children of Henry III. is in the intercolumniation, between the chapel of St. Edmond and that of St. Benedict; it now serves as a writing-desk to the person who attends at the gates of the south aisle; its top is covered with boards, and on them are the paper, pens, and ink. This cover serves to hide the rich Mosaic work, which either doth, or more probably did adorn it; that on the front is reduced to the marks in the stucco of the sparkling materials that once adhered to it, now gone to an unit: it is broken as with the end of a stick.

The back of the niche, over the table, has a red painted ground much decayed, on which are very imperfect traces of children, whose draperies are a dirty yellow; the mouldings of the arch still show fragments of gildings and spots of red, as do the capitals of the pillars. Above this, are the remains of a painting evidently defaced on purpose; what it has been cannot be discovered on the closest inspection; there are, besides, marks where a statue has stood, which Strype gives us reason to suppose was of silver.

By the side of Richard the 's tomb below in the aisle is an ancient slab, which had formerly a brass figure and inscription, commemorating sir John Golofre,, who died in .

Near this is another brassless figure, which had formerly an inscription to the memory of Ralph Selby, LL.D. a monk of : died .

 
 
Footnotes:

[] This statue was executed by Nicholas Stone for 50l.

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 Title Page
 Dedication
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda
 Postscript