The north wall is divided into compartments of unequal heights. A tall slender pillar separates the great doors. The tops are angular, and the mouldings adorned with roses, supported over the pillars by a head.
The transept is divided into the middle, east, and west aisles, by rows of pillars each. fillets bind small pillars to every column. , which are extremely pointed, are composed of a great number of mouldings. The ribs of the roof are supported by small pillars which ascend from the capitals. The ribs, the key-stones, &c. are richly gilt, and have a most beautiful appearance. A magnificent colonnade of double arches extends over the great arches; these inferior arches are in number, of them have their mouldings richly adorned with foliage. Every arch has pillar, and over it a cinquefoil with a circle. Above is a row of windows, having a single mullion and a cinquefoil.
The compartments of the north wall of this transept are filled with various ornaments, statues, and monumental inscriptions. Between the arches and the divisions are alto-relievos of Sampson tearing asunder the jaws of a lion; birds, other animals, and figures, branches of oak, and a statue of a man (whose head is now gone) treading on another; a female by him, and the bust of an angel. The monument is inscribed
On the pedestal is a bas-relief of the destroying and taking the Spanish galleons, A. D. , but poorly executed. On the basement,
The sculptor was Scheemakers, and the background, is a pyramid with a statue of Fame mourning over the admiral's medallion, an infant Hercules admiring it.
The monument within the blank arches is composed of a double pedestal, supporting a good bust, over which Fame, at time suspended a laurel crown; but the crown is now almost gone. At her feet lie pieces of armour, cannon, and flags. This monument is
This monument is by Rysbrack.
A colonnade of arches, with black marble pillars, forms the compartment in height. This is part of the ancient communication round the church, through the piers. The spaces over the arches are carved into squares, having ornaments within them.
lancet-shaped arches, whose depths are sculptured with circles each of foliage, in which are busts of angels and saints, compose the compartment. The windows at the east and west ends have beautiful pedestals, on which are statues; the spaces round them filled with tracery.
The compartment is another passage in the walls, in which are arches, and within them cinquefoils. The pillars are clusters of ; and over them are foliage brackets with a head. Kneeling angels on the mouldings, performing on musical instruments, adorn both extremities of the wall. The most delicate scrollwork compose the spaces.
The , or last compartment, reaches to the painted roof. It contains a vast rose-shaped window, of large pointed leaves: those divided into as many smaller, all proceeding from a circle in which are leaves. In this centre lies an open book, on a ground of deep yellow, of painted glass. The divisions of the circle are straw colour. Beyond this a band of cherubim; and the large leaves filled with figures of the Apostles, &c. in colours of the most clear and durable nature. The date in the glass is .
The west aisle of this transept has a door, with an angular top at the north end. On its sides lancet-shaped arches, set with roses. On the left side a tablet and bust to sir William Sanderson, who died in . On the right is of Bacon's best efforts. It is a most beautiful monument, thus inscribed :
The tomb is formed of a pedestal, supporting a bust of the earl in his robes under a curtain, which is removed by a naked boy who treads on a mask, and holds the emblem of Truth. Another offers a star and ribband. On the pedestal is a silken bag, fringed and tasselled, extremely well executed; indeed, the whole
|is a most exquisite piece of workmanship, bearing throughout that soft and delicate appearance, for which that artist's works are so conspicuous.|
The colonnade over the door, of semi-quatrefoils, has its pillars cased with white marble, to represent palm-trees, whose foliage spreads across the arches. Within the arbours thus formed stands the almost naked statue of admiral Watson, holding a palm branch in his right hand, the left extended. In the niche at his left hand is a kneeling Asiatic female, of great beauty and elegance of drapery. In the opposite, chained to the foot of a tree, an East Indian. His hands are behind him, and his legs are crossed. It is a very fine figure. Under these statues are medallions, with bows, swords, and hatchets, behind them; inscribed
A shield fastened to the western tree has fleurs-de-lis, and
Beneath is the following inscription:
The pointed roof is filled by the upper division, which commences on the capitals of the great pillars. This division is separated by columns into arches, the middle the highest, each forming a deep recess, with ribs; in the centre a pointed window. All the spaces are carved into roses, &c. Strong arches cross the aisles from every pillar. In the intersections of the ribs are representations of
|; a seated figure, other seated figures, and a scroll.|
In the western wall there are windows, having each mullion and a cinquefoil.
A seal or basement extends entirely round the church, and on it are placed small slender pillars, dividing every space, forming a beautiful continuation of arches, variously ornamented by figures on the mouldings. They reach in height to the sills of the windows. On the western wall of this north transept are St. Michael and the Dragon, an angel, and a broken figure falling, saints, fancied animals, a palm branch, and scrolls, all greatly decayed. Other ornaments decorate the rest of the arches.
In the north-west corner is a small door, which leads to the passages in the piers above. are in number, and are mostly filled by monuments.
The memorial consists of a plain slab of porphyry filling the arch. It is inlaid with a sarcophagus covered with military trophies, palm, and laurel, scrolls, and a skull. A very good bust finishes the design, which is by Taylor. This monument is
The next arch contains a pedestal with naval trophies, a pyramid, and against it a sarcophagus, with an alto-relievo of a shipwreck. This is by Scheemakers. It has the following inscription:--
The next consists of figures, Faith, and an angel: the former rests arm on a rock, while she clasps a cross to her bosom with the other. It is to the memory of the right rev. John Warren, D.D. bishop of St. David's. He died , aged .
The next arch supports a pedestal, containing a bust of poor expression, and trophies, by Scheemakers.
The next tomb is a pedestal and sarcophagus, with a bust, naked children, and military emblems, by Scheemakers:
Adjoining is a tomb by Rysbrack. It supports a good bust in armour, with flowing hair; and on a circular pedestal is this epitaph:
A tablet by Chere, with a mitre and ornaments, and the following inscription :--
The last monument on this wall is also by Cheere; it consists of a sarcophagus, bust, mitre, crosier, a censer, books, anchor, scrolls, and festoons of oak leaves and acorns, to
The monument of lord Chatham fills the space between the pillars on the left, entering the door at the western aisle.
Against its back is a monument by Banks: a basement supports an indifferent female kneeling, resting her elbow on, and weeping at the feet of a sarcophagus, which has a good bas relief on it, of a physician relieving a sick female surrounded by her children, and an old man on a bed of straw:
Above is a neat marble tablet, with an alto relievo of a female weeping, an urn, &c. to the memory of major-general Coote Manningham, who died , aged .
The next is-
And such do the features of the venerable bust above shew him to have been. A sarcophagus, pyramid, his arms, and characteristic motto,
with a tablet, representing Britannia giving a naked boy clothing; another supplicating; and a in prosperity, leaning on a rudder, who points to the bust; a lion, cornucopia, ship, anchor, bales, &c. adorn the tomb, which is partly composed of fine variegated marbles. On the flags of England are displayed the words
It is the production of J. F. and J. Moore.
The next is by Bacon:--
A beautiful weeping female hangs over the coffin-shaped sarcophagus. Near her is a beaver, emblematic of the country. There is besides a pyramid, and a cornucopia tied by a ribband to a rudder.
Against the pillar adjoining the last monument is a handsome marble pedestal, on which is a full length figure in a councillor's robes. On the base is the following inscription:--
The sculptor was Chantrey.
In a pointed niche adjoining, is a bust of Warren Hastings, esq. who died . It was erected by his widow.
The interval between the next great pillars is occupied by a vast monument made by Banks, consisting of an ill-shaped sarcophagus, on which is a naked Asiatic, of excellent proportions and truth of figure, seated, weeping and resting on a cornucopia. The back of the tomb is a pyramid; before it a palm tree, on which is suspended a helmet, vest, shield, sword, arrows, colours, and laurel. A statue of Fame, whose attitude is forced and unnatural, and whose drapery is strangely tumbled, hangs a medallion over the trophies. Near her is an elephant.
On a pedestal, on the south side of the last monument, is a figure of a woman with a child in her lap, apparently fatigued. This is Mr. Westmacotts well known group, entitled,
it is inscribed to the memory of E. Warren, widow of Dr. John Warren, D. D. late bishop of Bangor, who died , aged .
In the next intercolumniation is the earl of Mansfield's monument. Between the figures of Wisdom and Justice, is a trophy, composed of the earl's family arms, surmounted by the coronet, the mantle of honour, the rods of justice, and curtana, or sword of mercy. On the back of the chair is the earl's motto--
Enclosed in a crown of laurel, under it, is a figure of Death, as represented by the ancients, a beautiful youth, leaning on an extinguished torch; on each side of the figure of Death is a funeral altar, finished by a fir-apple.
This is a very fine monument, and is the that has been placed in an intercolumniation, so as it may be walked round, and seen on every side. The inscription is as follows :--
The venerable judge, in the robes of office, by Flaxman, is placed on the top of the monument: On the right hand Justice holds the statera, or balance, equally poised; on his left hand Wisdom opens the book of law.
Against the south pillar is a full length statue of the late John Kemble, esq.; he is represented standing in a Roman toga, with a roll of paper or vellum in his hand; it is by the late John Flaxman, R. A.
Of the monuments whose backs are against those just mentioned, are the following, by Nollekins, has a well-proportioned basement in parts; and on the middle the following inscription:
On each side, reliefs of an anchor, capstern, quadrant, globe, glass, block, and pennant, rudder, cannon, mortar, and powder casks. On the pedestal Neptune, reclining on a sea-horse, points to medallions of the captains, placed by a flying child on a rostral column with their ships. Fame, on the capital of the pillar, suspends a crown of laurel over them. Britannia stands on the left, attentively looking on the sea god. A lion rests on a shield behind her. A pyramid of blue marble relieves the figures. The horse's head is finely done, the waves are but tolerable. Britannia is a good statue. Fame is an exceedingly fine figure. The medallions contain the ages of the deceased:
The next is the superb memorial
This monument is not only a national tribute to superior excellence, but a national momento to what a height her sons have carried the noble art of sculpture. It has been thought that England does not contain a finer specimen of sepulchral remembrance. Grand and appropriate are the figures, and all are grouped in a double pyramid, Neptune, Britannia, &c. &c. must give way to the overpowering efforts of the artist, in animating the block that now lives in every motion under the shape of the speaking earl. This figure is full of the grace and dignity of the greatest orator. He is in the dress of our times, and this contributes to bring the real character before us. It is by Bacon.
We now pass to the opposite side of the middle aisle, where the
|monument is to John Holles, duke of Newcastle, marquis and earl of Clare, baron Houghton, and knight of the order of the Garter. His body lies with his ancestors the Veres, Cavendishes, and Holles, in this place. In the reign of queen Anne he was lord keeper of the privy seal, privy counseller, lord lieutenant of Middlesex and Nottingham, &c. &c. lord chief justice in Eyre, north of Trent, and governor of the town and fort of Kingston upon Hull. He was born the -, and died the . He married the lady Margaret, daughter and heir to Henry Cavendish, duke of Newcastle, by whom he had the lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles Harley, who erected this monument in .|
It was designed by Gibbs, and is a beautiful pile of architecture, of the Composite order. The basement, columns, and pediments are finely proportioned; and the marble of which they are composed richly variegated. But what shall we say to the figures wrought by Bird in statuary marble Here we find neither grace, dignity, nor beauty. The armed duke leans in an awkward manner on his elbow, with his truncheon in hand, and his coronet in the other, upon a sarcophagus.
Near it is a tomb, likewise of the Composite order, with a basement covered with armour, on which is a handsome pedestal; reposing on a mat under a circular pediment lie the figures, in their robes, clumsily executed, of the duke and duchess of Newcastle. He was born in the year , and lived to the age of , dying on the . He held many great offices, was a faithful general to his unfortunate king Charles I.; and defended York against the Scotch. When the king's cause became hopeless, he fled, and continued a long time in exile. His wife shared in all his sufferings with the utmost fortitude. During his bannishment she wrote many pleasing works.
On a pillar are tablets, to Clement Saunders, , aged , and Grace Scott Mauleverer, , aged .
The next is a magnificent monument of white marble,
Britannia with a withered laurel in her hand, inclines towards the bust of the admiral, which a fine figure of Hercules places on its pedestal. It is admirably executed, even to the marks of the small-pox on the face. Although the statue of Britannia is very excellent, it is objectionable on account of her wet garment. An ensign is the back ground; and the whole is worthy of its author, Roubiliac.
Adjoining is a tomb, consisting of a pedestal and Corinthian pillars, with a pediment, weeping children, cherubim, and a canopy, erected by Dame Elizabeth Campbell (who died , aged years) to her brother sir Gilbert Lort, bart. who died , aged years.
Over it a tablet and bust by Tyler:
Considerably higher up is a small neat tablet, with a Latin inscription: it was erected by the late dean of , Dr. Vincent, to the memory of his wife Hannah, who died .
Many of the inscriptions on the pavement are worn away, and there are numbers that have had brass inlaid, of which a few fragments remain.
In the north transept are large blue flag-stones, with inscriptions to the memory of the following illustrious personages: the right hon. William Pitt, the marquis of Londonderry, and the right hon. George Canning.
A few marks of the ancient screen, which passed north and south from pillar to pillar, forming the east aisle into chapels, remain at the back of sir Gilbert Lort's monument. This was part of
Whose altar was the on entering the aisle. Those who heard mass at it were rewarded with an indulgence of years and days. A few yards farther stood the altar of St. Michael; and at the north end St. Andrew had an altar, accompanied by the same inducements to hear mass. Dart says, that the screens were very richly painted and gilt, but they are now entirely demolished, and the laid into .
On the east side is niche and several beautiful arches, part of the side of abbot Islips chantry.
 Malcolm, i. 101.
 Mal. Lond. Red. i. 120.
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|CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans|
|CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments|
The Chapel of St. Edward the Confessor
Henry the Third's Monument
Tomb of Queen Eleanor
Tomb of Edward I
Tomb of Edward III
Tomb of Queen Philippa
Tomb of Richard II
Brass of John Waltham, Bishop of Salisbury
Chantry and Monument of Henry the Fifth
Chapel of Henry V
The North Transept
Thomas Vaughan, Esq. 1476
Abbot Eastney, 1498
Abbot Kirton, 1466
Aveline, Countess of Lancaster
Tomb of Aymer de Valence
Earl of Lancaster's Tomb
St. Erasmus' Chapel
Henry the Seventh's Chapel
Tomb of Henry the Seventh
Tomb of Queen Elizabeth
Mary Queen of Scots
Chapel of St. Nicholas
St. Edmond's Chapel
Tomb of William de Valence
Monument of John of Eltham
Chapel of St. Benedict
Simon de Langham
King Sebert's Monument
The North Aisle
|CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish|
Collegiate Chapel of St. Stephen
Chapel of Our Lady of the Pew
Report from the Select Committee on the Office of Works and Public Buildings
The House of Commons
House of Lords
The House of Commons
The Speaker's House
The House of Lords
The New Mews
Green Coat Hospital, or School
The Grey Coat Hospital
The Westminster Hospital, or Public Infirmary
The New Privy Council Office
The Horse Guards
The Board of Trade
|CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster|
|CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster|
|CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster|
|CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster|
|CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden|
|CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand|
|CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes|
|CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square|
St. George, Hanover-square
St. Mark's Chapel
The Royal Institution
St. George's Hospital
St. George's Palace
Statue of Achilles
St. Peter's Pimlico
|CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy|
|CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court|
|CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls|
|CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark|
|CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark|
|CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark|
|CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark|
|CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark|
St. George's Church
The Lock Hospital
The Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb
King's Bench Prison
St. George's Fields
The School for the Indigent Blind
The Philanthropic Society
The Fishmonger's Alms-houses
The Freemasons' Charity School
The Magdalen Hospital
The Surrey Theatre
The Marshalsea Prison
|CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish|
|CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey|
|CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work|
|Addenda et Corrigienda|