The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas


Grosvenor House,


The residence of earl Grosvenor; of the wings of this palatial residence is completed, and forms the picture gallery. It is a magnificent building of stone of Roman architecture; the order the Corinthian of the Temple of the Sybils; the elevation is in portions, in advance of the other; it commences with a rusticated stylobate sustaining columns and antae, engaged with the main wall of the building and crowned with their entablature; in the intercolumniations are blank windows of the Palladian school, fronted with ballustrades and crowned with pediments; above each is a sunk pannel containing a festoon of foliage; the entablature is surmounted by a blocking course broken by pedestals, which are carried up to a convenient height and finished with vases; the intervals between the pedestals are occupied with a ballustrade: this may be described as the portion; this part of the design which is advanced a trifling degree before the other, only differs in having columns substituted for the antae of the other portion; the entablature is here surmounted by an attic crowned with a ballustrade; the face of the wall is pannelled, and on pedestals placed on the cornice of the principal order, corresponding in number and situation with the columns, are


statues, emblematic of the liberal sciences and fine arts. This part forms only a small portion of a grand design, which, when completed, will vie with the palaces of Venice or Rome, and in point of splendour will stand almost unrivalled in the metropolis. The architect is J. Cundy, esq.

, Old and New, have long been celebrated as a fashionable lounge. These , in fact, form only street, leading from on the south, to on the north, about half a mile, or somewhat better. In the Weekly Journal for June , it is observed that,

the new buildings between


and Mary-le-bone go on with all possible diligence; and the houses even let and sell before they are built. They are already in great forwardness.

This evidently alludes to that part now called .

Could the builders have supposed their labours would have produced a place so extremely fashionable, they might probably have deviated once at least from their usual parsimony, by making the way rather wider; as it is at present, coaches are greatly impeded in the rapidity of their course, but this is a fortunate circumstance for the


loungers, who are by this defect granted glimpses of the fashionable and generally titled fair that pass and repass from




o'clock; and for their accommodation the stand of hackney coaches was removed though by straining a point in the power of the commission.

does not contain many houses of the nobility, being almost filled with fashionable shops; here are several large rooms occasionally used as exhibition rooms for works of art and other subjects.

A few feel eastward of , and on the south side of , is


[] Nightingale's Beauties of England, x. pt. iv. p. 675.

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 Title Page
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda