The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas


Clare Market


Is erected on what was originally called Fields. In the year , a bill was passed for preventing the increase of buildings, in which was a clause, permitting the earl of Clare to erect the market which bore his title, in these fields, to be held on Tuesday, Thursdays, and Saturdays. The earl, it seems, alto ZZZ SO FAR


erected a chapel of ease to , which is said to have been converted into dwelling houses.

Charles I. in , granted his licence to Thomas York, his executors, &c. to erect as many buildings as they thought proper upon Clement's-inn field, the inheritance of the earl of Clare,

to be built on each side of the causeway leading from Gibbon's Bowling-alley, at the coming out of Lincoln's-inn-fields, to the Rein-deeryard, that leadeth unto


, not to exceed, on either side, the number of

one hundred and twenty

-feet in length, or front, and


feet in breadth, to be of stone or brick.

Rein-deer-yard was, probably, what is now called Bear-yard; and Gibbon's Bowling-alley was covered by the theatre erected by sir William D'Avenant, whence he afterwards removed to . Its remains are now a carpenter's shop, slaughter houses, &c. Here, during the administration of sir Robert Walpole, in the reign of George II. John Henley, a disappointed demagogue, vented his factious ebullitions in this place, which he distinguished by the name of oratory. Possessing some abilities, he was also obnoxious to government by the publication of the

Hyp. Doctor,

and other papers on the politics of the times. Charles I. issued another licence in , permitting Gervase Hollis, esq. to erect houses, a chapel, and to make several streets of the width of , , and feet. These streets still retain the names and titles of their founders in , Denzel-street, , &c.

, a filthy inconvenient avenue, is noticeable for the residence of sir John Trevor, cousin to lord chancellor Jeffries. He was bred to the law, and knighted in -. He rose to be solicitor-general, twice master of the rolls, a commissioner of the great seal, and twice speaker of the house of commons; and had the honest courage to caution James II. against his arbitrary conduct, and his cousin Jeffries against his violence. Trevor was as able as he was corrupt, and had the great mortification to put the question to the house,

whether himself ought to be expelled for bribery.

The answer was


Sir John died in , May , and was buried in the Rolls chapel.

Returning to Picket-street from the church westward, the avenues form streets, of which contains New Inn. It is an inn of chancery, and the only remaining to the Middle Temple. This society removed from Sea-coal-lane, to be nearer to the other inns of court and chancery. This was, before their removal hither, a common hostery, or inn, known by the sign of the Blessed Virgin, and was procured from sir John Fineux, some time lord chief justice of England, about the year , for the rent of per annum.


[] Malcolm's London, vol iii. p 292.

[] Noble's continuation of Granger.

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 Title Page
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda