The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4
The Borough Market.
The charter of king Edward VI. anno , granted to the mayor, commonalty, and citizens of London, a market to be holden in the borough of , which was confirmed by this act. This was in the street between London-bridge and St. Margaret's-hill; but that place was at length found so inconvenient, that an act was obtained, in , George II. c. , that from Lady-day, , no market should be held in the ; this act seems to have stopped there, for in the same year another act was passed, c. , directing that it should be removed from thence to a place called the Triangle, being on the site of Rochester-yard, belonging to the bishop of Rochester, who, and his successors, were empowered, on a surrender of the whole estate, to grant it in separate leases, whereupon so much thereof, as was necessary for the purpose, was granted to the churchwardens, &c. of , at a rent of : no provision, except hay or straw, were to be sold within yards of the spot, unless by the consent of the churchwardens and overseers; the ground so to be purchased, and--all buildings, stalls, &c. and the rents and profits were to be vested in the churchwardens, overseers, and inhabitants of the parish, and the nett profits, after all expenses paid, were to be applied in diminution of any of the parochial rates or assessments.
A convenient market-house was accordingly built, and a piece of ground, upwards of feet in length, was appropriated for the standing of carts bringing fruits, vegetables, &c. The tolls of the market, and the profits arising from the standings, were let from time
|to time. In the advertisement for this purpose, it is stated, that no person bringing vegetables to Winchester stairs, near , have a right to land them without paying wharfage.
In , part of the market was let for , the lease expiring in ; , other part for , lease expiring ; , the market
The leases having expired, a new and commodious market was erected, with a sunk area and spacious lofts. The whole is divided into walks, the roof being supported by cast-iron pillars. In the centre is a spacious room for transacting business, surmounted by a handsome cupola enriched with Corinthian columns, and a good clock.
In Deadman's-place, on the west side of this market, is a hospital, or college, founded in the reign of Elizabeth, by Thomas Cure, and called