The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 4

Allen, Thomas


The New Governors' Room.


Is a neat apartment; it has a very handsome Corinthian chimney-piece, surmounted by Mr. Sutton's crest. Between the pillars over the fire-place is the original portrait of the founder, from which Vertue made his engraving. The countenance of Mr. Sutton is manly, open, and benevolent, with large piercing eyes; the face receives additional interest from his silver locks and beard; but the colours are rather faded. His dress is a black furred gown, held across the breast by his left hand; near which is a piece of chain, with ruffs round his neck and sleeves. The frame of this picture is very finely carved, with figures of aged men, boys consulting globes, mathematical instruments, scrolls, and his arms, richly gilt; inscribed,



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On the left of the chimney is a whole length of Charles the , with all the insignia of royalty on and about him, in a dark wig, his right hand on his hip, and his hat in the left, the right leg extended. The face is correctly drawn, and well coloured; but the drapery is indifferent. No painter's name.

On the east wall, Gilbert Sheldon, D. D. archbishop of Canterbury, in his robes, seated upon a purple chair thrice fringed with gold. He rests an open book against his thigh, and holds a white handkerchief in his left hand, on the arm of the chair. The collegiate cap hurts the air of his face, which is shaded by chesnut hair; on his chin and lips are tufts of beard. He has heavy eyebrows, and not a very prepossessing countenance. We do not find in it an index to his exalted goodness and unbounded charities. A table covered with purple velvet supports a book and letter before him, and the back ground is formed by a portico. No name.



Over a handsome mahogany door is a half length of Thomas Burnet, LL.D. master of the Charter-house, . An excellent painting, by sir Godfrey Kneller, who was Burnet's intimate friend, and prided himself upon the high finishing he bestowed upon this portrait. He has represented him seated, in a gown and band, with his left arm on that of the chair, his glove on, and the right held in his hand; a book open near him. He appears to have been about when this painting was done. The hair is slightly tinged with grey, and his features are regular and grave, but very pleasing. He was the author of the fanciful and

On the left side of the door, a whole length figure of William Craven, earl of Craven. He is in a complete coat of mail, with a truncheon in his right hand, and his left against the hip. His mantle and helmet lie by him on a bank, and in the back ground is a distant camp. He has dark flowing hair, whiskers, a band and tassels, and a commanding countenance, and appears about . No painter's name, but a very good picture.

Facing the earl, on the west wall, is a whole length of George Villiers, of that name, duke of Buckingham. His large and unpleasant features are obscured by bushy eye-brows, and an enormous light coloured wig. The vest is of white satin puffed over the waist, his right arms rest on the hip, and he holds his gloves in his left hand. The arms and knees are loaded with lace and ribbands. Those ornaments, and the high-heeled shoes, give the figure a half masculine, half feminine appearance, that is far from pleasing.

Over the door is a half-length, of lord chancellor Shaftesbury, seated in a dark wig. His right hand rests on a table, where lie the seals; his left hangs on the arm of the chair. His features are handsome, but pale and emaciated.

On the left side of the door a whole length of Charles Talbot, duke of Shrewsbury, in his robes; a round fresh coloured and handsome face, in a chesnut-coloured wig, with the lord treasurer's rod of office in his right hand; his hat lies on a pedestal.

On Mr. Sutton's right side, James Scot, duke of Monmouth; a whole length, in his robes, and dark wig. His right arm rests on a ballustrade, the hand holds his hat, the left touches his sword. His features large and pleasing.

The frames of all these pictures are of stucco and white; and between them are white ornaments on a blue ground; the ceiling is stuccoed, the floor waxed and polished, and there are arched windows on the north side.



The master's apartments adjoining are very large and elegant; and the view from them into the square is extremely pleasant for London.

Facing them is a long ancient gallery, in which are the following pictures, generally dirty and neglected.

Dr. Benjamin Laney, bishop of Ely, a half-length good picture, with white curled hair, and black cap; his hand on a skull.

John Robinson, D.D. dean of Windsor, bishop of Bristol, and lord privy seal, in his robes and black wig; his face large, and inclining to corpulency.

Dr. Humphrey Henchman, bishop of London, in his robes, grey hair and beard, with a good countenance.

John Sheffield, duke of Buckingham, an oval; handsome features and dark wig.

There are, besides, portraits of John lord Somers; Morley, bishop of Winchester; the late Dr. Fisher, bishop of Salisbury, and a prelate whose name is unknown.

On the north side of the principal court is


[] He was the first and only earl of that name, and had distinguished himself in the service of Gustavus king of Sweden, and of the elector palatine, who married the daughter of James I. to which lady this earl is said to have been afterwards privately married, and to have rebuilt for her his noble house at Hempsted Marshall, in Berkshire, which had been burnt down. He died1697, aged 88, and was buried at Binley, near Coventry.

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 Title Page
CHAPTER I: Site, local divisions, and government of the City of Westminster; history of the Abbey; Coronation Ceremonies; and lists of the Abbots and Deans
CHAPTER II: Westminster Abbey, and Description of the Tombs and Monuments
CHAPTER III: History and Topography of St. Margaret's Parish
CHAPTER IV: History and Topography of St. John's Parish, Westminster
CHAPTER V: History and Topography of the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, Westminster
CHAPTER VI: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. James, Westminster
CHAPTER VII: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Anne, Westminster
CHAPTER VIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden
CHAPTER IX: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Mary-le-strand
CHAPTER X: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. Clement Danes
CHAPTER XI: History and Topography of the parish of st. George, Hanover Square
CHAPTER XII: History and Topography of the Precinct of the Savoy
CHAPTER XIII: History and Topography of the Inns of Court
CHAPTER XIV: History and Topography of the Precincts of the Charter-house and Ely Place, and the Liberty of the Rolls
 CHAPTER XV: Historical Notices of the Borough of Southwark
CHAPTER XVI: History and Topography of the Parish of St. Olave, Southwark
CHAPTER XVII: History and Topography of the parish of St. John, Southwark
CHAPTER XVIII: History and Topography of the parish of St. Thomas, Southwark
CHAPTER XIX: History and Topogrpahy of the parish of St. George's, Southwark
CHAPTER XX: History and Topography of St. Saviour's Parish
CHAPTER XXI: History and Topography of the parist of Christ-church in the County of Surrey
 CHAPTER XXII: A List of the Principal Books, &c that have been published in Illustration of the Antiquities, History, Topography, and other subjects treated of in this Work
 Addenda et Corrigienda