Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1

Wilkinson, Robert


St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I. And his Court at a Sermon.

St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I. And his Court at a Sermon.


The original Painting of this extremely curious historical picture, is of a series of , designed as a lively supplication and prophecy, to call the attention of the Sovereign to the dilapidated and degraded state of ; invented by Henry Farley, and executed by John Gipkyn in . They are painted upon leaves of wood, shaped at the top like a pediment, and made to fold together with hinges at the back, in the manner of the ancient , or folding tables; or the ordinary representations of the Tables of the Decalogue. Each of the leaves measures feet inches to the point of the pediment, by feet inches in breadth; and each painting is surrounded by a black frame, with an inscription upon it in gold capital letters. The painting is on the outside of the right-hand leaf, and represents a view of London, , and the river. On the Surrey side of the Thames appear churches, being the principal; and before it is the Palace of the Bishop of Winchester, in the gate of which are men in gowns with white sleeves, following a long procession of trumpeters, chaplains in black gowns with white sleeves, &c. over . This edifice appears lined with houses, and secured by a gate surmounted with a pediment and cross; and the right-hand terminates in perspective, with the massive tower of the old church of St. Magnus. Beyond the Bridge, in , the procession is continued by the Corporation of London; the Common- Council walking last in black gowns, and , then Aldermen in red, with chains, in the same order, and then the Sword-bearer and the Lord Mayor. Before these appear clergymen in black, following as many Bishops in their rochets, with the Archbishop of Canterbury at their head, holding his cap in his hand. He is preceded by noblemen, some in black, and others in red, doublets; before whom are ladies in black, and red gowns, and stiff ruffs, with pages in cloaks walking before them. This part of the procession has arrived at the west door of , under which appears the King, in a red dress faced with ermine, wearing his crown. On side of the gate stands a boy of , holding his cap in his left hand, and presenting the usual address to the Sovereign with his right; and on the opposite side is a girl of the same charity. On the left hand, without the door, is the Bishop of London, in the ordinary place for meeting the Sovereign at his entrance into the Church; over the gate of which is inscribed in capitals

Behold the King cometh with great joy!

The View of London comprises churches in the City, Baynard's Castle, and the Tower; the latter appearing like a square fort surrounded by an embattled wall, with round turrets at the corners and a gate to the water. In the centre of the south side of the building is a circular tower of several stages, with a lofty cross upon it; probably intended for that called the Hall Tower at the inner gate. The Thames is covered with ships, bearing the union flag introduced by King James I.; and beyond London is the usual prospect of hills, especially that of Highgate, on the right, which is found in all the ancient views of the metropolis. From the sky proceed these lines in capital letters:—

For thy Temple's sake I will wish Thee all prosperity,

Many good things are done in Thee, O Thou fayre Citie!

Round the black frame of this leaf the following texts are inscribed in gold capitals:—

And when it came into the King's minde to Renew the House of the Lord, he assembled the Priests and the Levites, and said unto them, Go into the Cities of Judah, and gather of all Israel money to Repair the House of God from yeere to yeere, and haste the thinge: and they made a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem.


Chron. xxiv.







Beneath the painting is written 'Amore, Veritate, et Reverentiâ.'—So Invented, and at my Costs made for me, H. Farley, . Wrought by John Gipkyn. Fyat voluntas Dei."—The picture on the inside of this leaf is that curious View of a Royal Sermon at Cross, engraven in the annexed Plate; which requires no description, excepting that the person bowing to the elderly citizen by the Cross at the left hand corner, is saying

I pray, Sir, what is the text?

to which the other is answering



of Chron. xxiv.

From the chimneys of the houses built against the nave of the Church, on the right of the view, the following lines issue directed towards the royal gallery.

Viewe, O Kinge; howe my walles-creepers

Have made mee worke for chimney-sweepers.

On the opposite, or left hand, leaf within, is represented the Cathedral repaired, and decorated with gilded vanes, turrets, and statues of the King and Queen, &c.; the houses cleared away, the gallery ornamented with the arms of England, the City, and the Sees of Canter bury and London, and these inscriptions written upon it.

Blessed be the peace makers.

Touch not the Lord's Anointed, nor do his Prophets any harm.

Peace be within thy walles, and plenteous prosperitie within thy palaces.

I was glad when they said Let us go up to the House of the Lord.

On each side of the steeple are angels with trumpets, sounding the following verses.

His roial seed shall mightie bee, and many,And shall encrease as much as e'er did any. Like as the sandes, or sea, or starres in skye, So shall his people growe and multiplye. This goodlie King shall reigne and rule in peace,Because by him the Gospel doth increase. He shall be prosperous in all his ways, And shall have healthe, long life, and happie days. He shall have conquestes when he goes to fight,And shall put all his enemies to flight. He shall plant colonies in every nation,To forward still the Gospel's propagation. And, at the laste, to ende our blessed story,He shall be crowned in Heaven with endless glory. Where Angells and Archangells ever singes All praise and honour to the Kinge of Kinges.

At the top of this painting is the Holy Dove surrounded by glory; and round the frame is written,

Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, which putteth such thinges as these into the heart of our good King, to beautify the House of the Lord. Ezra vii. Vivat, Vincat Regnatque, Jacobus! Amen!

The deviser of this extraordinary picture appears to have been a pious, disinterested, and zealous person, named Henry Farley, who for years importuned both the King and the nation with schemes and entreaties for the reparation of ; which had remained defaced and without a spire, ever since the latter was destroyed . In appeared a tract by him on the subjects entituled

The Complaint of Paule's—To all Christian Soule's:

Or an humble Supplication


To our good King and nation,

For her new reparation.



But his most curious work describing all his labours in the cause was published in , in small quarto, consisting of unpaged leaves, with a neat wood-cut on the title page and last leaf but , of the Cathedral and Cross, and preaching there. It is called

St. Pavl's Chvrch, her Bill for the Parliament, as it was presented to the King's Majestie on Midlent-Sunday last, and intended for the view of that most high and honourable Court, and generally for all such as bear good will to the reflourishing estate of the said Chvrch: Partly in Verse, Partly in Prose. Penned and published for her good by Hen. Farley, Author of her Complaint.

As the contents of this very singular collection are especially connected with the Painting engraven for the present work, and are also of great curiosity, some account of the tract shall now be given.

It commences with a dedication to the High Court of Parliament, and Verses between and the Book; which are followed by

a Posie of sundry flowers and herbes, gathered out of the Garden of God's Word, knit vp together, and set in the Frontispice of this worke, for the smell of every good Reader, as a sweet odour to the rest that followes:

these are, as might be supposed, a collection of texts of Scripture concerning the rebuilding of the Temple at Jerusalem, with quaint marginal comments. Next succeeds

a Parallel of present time with time past: or of a good King liuing, with a faithfull good King (Josiah) long since deceased;

and after this comes a series of prayers or petitions on behalf of the Cathedral. The is in metre, entitled,

This Prayer or Petition is for the King, Prince, &c. and directed to the King of Kings:

, an Acrostic

Carolus Princeps,

directed to the Prince of Princes: in Prose,

this a Petition to the King's Majestie onely;

it is written in the name of the Church, and mentions the author as

this poore man, who hath been my voluntary seruant these


years, by books, petitions and other deuises, even to his owne dilapidations;

at the end of it is

St. Paule's her Conceipt after this Petition:

, a petition also written in the name of the Church,

and Presented to the King


dayes before his Majestie came to visit me, viz. on Friday the

24th of March, 1619

. But the Master of Requests then attending, tooke it away from his Highnesse before he could reade it, as many things had beene so taken before, to the great hindrance and grief of the poore author.

This address commences in the following curious manmer:—

To the King's most Sacred Majesty. Whereas to the exceeding great ioy of all my deare friends, there is certaine intelligence giuen that Your Highnesse will visit me on Sunday next: And the rather I beleeue it, for that I haue had more sweeping, brushing, and cleansing, than in


years before;

to which the margin adds

My workmen lookt like him they called Mull'd-Sacke, after sweeping of a chimney.

[a]  At the end is

the author's conceipt written vnder my petition,

in verse, which is followed by petitions to the Prince and the Lords of the Privy Council; and then

St. Paule's concludeth in an extasie, being as it were rauished with ioy of her hopefull successe.

After this commences the account of Farley's former labours for the restoration of the Cathedral, the general title to which is

Here follow other things of the Author, done long before, and not impertinent to that which is herein intended, that is to stirre vp good mindes to set forwards a good worke; viz.

Certaine additionsVoyces and Visions,Speeches and Parley 'Twixt Paule's and Farley;'

as they have been given to the King at sundry times, but not till now published. The narrative is conducted in a Dialogue between the Church and the Author, which thus commences.

St. Pavles.


, recite to me in briefe, the Dreame or Vision thou hadst, after thou didst publish my Complaint, which thou didst present to his Majesty by a Picture, and which Picture thou intendedst to hane giuen to his Majestie if thy petition had not failed thee.—


It was a dream in



and he then proceeds to give the preceding description of the triform Painting he had executed as a pictorial delineation of his vision. It seems, however, to have been

a dream which was not all a dream;

since he states in a metrical Prologue, also delivered to the King, that it begun on the Eve of St. James the Apostle, but continued long after. At the request of the Cathedral Farley goes on to repeat his other labours on her behalf, as follow: a Conceipt presented with the Cathedral's Complaint to the Lord Mayor of London, Sir John Jolles, Knight, with a Petition, a little after Christmas, , to which, he observes, the

answer was honourable and worthy at that time:

a Letter devised in the name of

to the Reuerend Preachers that come to my Crosse:

a Carol given to the King the Christmas-day before his departure for Scotland: Verses to the King when he took coach at Theobald's in his progress to Scotland:

a Welcome to his Majestie, as I intended to present the same at Windsor, but was hindered of my purpose:

another Christmas Carol given to the King on the Christmas-day after his return from Scotland.


says the author to the Church, with much ludicrous pathos,

my candle was cleane burnt out, and this last Carol was the last thing I presented to his Majestie, vntill


dayes before his coming to visit you, (which was the petition before recited). In this interim I grew much dismayed, for that I saw little hope of your helpe: many rubs I ranne through, many scoffes and scornes I did vndergo; forsaken by my butterfiie-friends, laught at and derided by your enemies; pursued after by wolves of

Wood Street

, and foxes of the Poultrey; sometimes strongly


, and sometimes at the point of death and despaire. Instead of seruing my Prince (which I humbly desired, thou gh bu as a doore-keeper, in you), I was presst for the service of King Lud; when all the comfort I had was that I could see you, salute you, and condole with your miseries; my poore clothes and ragges I could not compare to anything better than to your west end, and my seruice to you nothing lesse than bondage. So as I was troubled in my sleepes, and dreamed I heard fearfull voyces sounding in and about you, which were as follow.

—The voices are cries from the spirits in the tombs and different parts of the building, complaining of its dilapidation in verse; to which the author answers, also in metre, that he will forsake England and go to Virginia.

So going to the Treasurer for Virginia,

continues he,

with resolution to depart the land with speed, hee being not then at leisure (vpon a Saturday in Lent), appointed me to come the Wednesday following: and at my returne from Aldersgate to your presence againe, there came newes, by a sweet western gale of winde, that his Majestie would certainly come to visit you on Mid-Lent Sunday in great solemnity. At which most ioyfull tidings I forgott Virginia againe, and attended with hope of some happie successe to my hearty desires towards your reparation; which, I thanke the Lord, was performed to the full of my expectation for that time.

The tract concludes with thanking the author in rhyme, promising that he shall be buried within her walls, and reciting an odd epitaph upon him; to which Farley adds that ever upon Mid-Lent Sunday, or the , he will present something to his Sovereign on the behalf of the Cathedral.

A Postscript to the Courteous and Charitable Reader,

occupies the recto of the last leaf. In closing the account of this very curious tract, it may be noticed that in Messrs. Longman and Co's. , Lond. . vo. No. , p. , a copy of it bound in morocco is marked

The ancient Painting now described belonged for many years to the family of Tooke, of which persons successively had been Rectors of Lamborne, in Essex, from to . On the death of the last it was bought for a few shillings by a Mr. Webster, a surgeon of Chigwell, as a neglected piece of furniture which had never quitted the attic wherein it was deposited. A description of it with this notice, appeared in the for , Vol. . p. ; but in it was again sold to the Society of Antiquaries by a person named Sheen, for From the disregard with which it was formerly treated, the leaves are now separated and the paintings are scarcely visible.


[a] For a full account of this notorious person, see the Rev. J. Granger's Biographical History of England, Lond. 1824. Vol. ii. 8vo. pp. 205-208. James I. Class xii.

View all images in this book
 Title Page
 Howell's View of London
 View of the Fire of London
 City Wall
 The Conduits of Cheapside and Cornhill
 Plan of the Fire in Bishopsgate Street, Cornhill, and Leadenhall Street: November 7th, 1765
Frost Fair on the River Thames
 Part of the Strand: St. Clement's Danes
 Ancient Structure in Ship Yard: Temple Bar
 St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I and his Court at a Sermon
 Ancient Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London
 Paul's Cross (and Preaching There)
Elsinge Spital, Sion College, and the Church of St. Alphage, London Wall
 Elsinge's Hospital; or, as it is otherwise denominated, Elsynge Spittle
 Sion College
 The Priory and Church of St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield
 The Church of St. Bartholomew the Less: Giltspure Street, West Smithfield, in the Ward of Farringdon Without
Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate Street
The Priory and Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Street
 Monument of Sir Andrew Judde, Knight: In the Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Within
St. Michael's Church: Cornhill
The Parish Church of St. Paul, Shadwell: In the County of Middlesex
 The Parish Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill: In Cornhill Ward
Extracts from the Vestry Books of the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill
 St. Saviour's Church
 St. Saviour's Church, Southwark
 Winchester Palace, Southwark
 Chapels at the Eastern End of the Church of St. Saviour, Southwark
 Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
 An Account of Bermondsey, its Manor, Priory, and Abbey
 Priory of the Holy Trinity: In the Ward of Aldgate
 St. Martin-le-Grand College, and St. Vedast, Foster Lane
 Guildhall Chapel
 A short Account of Lazar Houses in and near London
 Knightsbridge Chapel
 Lambe's Chapel and Alms-Houses: Monkwell Street, Cripplegate
 The late Mr. Skelton's Meeting House, Erected Near the Site of the Globe Theatre, Maid Lane, Southwark
 Zoar Street, Gravel Lane, Meeting House and School
 Oratory, Under the Antient Mansion, or Inn, of the Priors of Lewes in Sussex
 Whitehall: Plate I
 Whitehall: Plate II
 Whitehall: Plate III
 St. James's Palace
 Fawkeshall, or Copped Hall, Surrey
 Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road
 King John's Palace
 Clarendon House, called also Albemarle House
 Somerset House
 Suffolk House
 York House
 Durham, Salisbury, and Worcester Houses
 Sir Paul Pindar's House
 Montagu House: Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury
 The British Museum
 Bedford House, Bloomsbury Square
 Peterborough House, afterward Grosvenor House, Millbank, Westminster
 Craven House, Drury Lane
 Ancient Mansion called Monteagle House: Montague Close, Southwark
 Oldbourne Hall, Shoe Lane: In the Parish of St. Andrew, Holborn