Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1

Wilkinson, Robert


King John's Palace.

King John's Palace.



King John and Oliver Cromwell, if tradition tell true, had more houses and palaces between them, than the whole race of English Monarchs beside; scarce a village within miles of London, but hath a traditionary legend of King John's residence amongst them; and scarcely a neighbourhood from to Whitechapel, but claims the like connection with Oliver Cromwell. The troublesome life John led with his turbulent Barons, made him frequently change his habitations; but it is by no means likely he would condescend to make a palace of some hovels that have been attributed to his name. Oliver Cromwell had many places of residence; and it is a fact well established, it was never known among his most confidential friends where he intended to sleep, nor did his attendants and servants know, hour before another, his mind on that head: the frequent attempts on his life, rendered caution highly necessary; and no man knew better that essential requisite than himself: though not of a timid disposition, he had a prudent fear, and guarded against every probable danger. The house in , denominated , was certainly of great antiquity, and had undergone many repairs and patchings up, previous to its demolition in . The portion, of which the view is taken, made but a small part of the building, there being in front, at about yards' distance, a house of thrice its dimensions, and of as ancient a foundation, evidently connected with this, and making part thereof: from the circumstance of a wall of great antiquity completely joining both, the communication from the road-side dwelling was through a side passage, under an arch similar to that in the print, and resembled in the connection, the quadrangles of some of the colleges in our Universities. The interior appeared to have undergone no alteration subsequent to the reign of Elizabeth or James I.; and the oaken panels were neatly executed, and not more than inches by in size: there was a very curiously carved mantelpiece of oak, much resembling that at the Pyed Bull Inn, at , formerly the residence of the illustrious Sir Walter Raleigh; and several fragments of antique ornaments indicated it to have been formerly a place of some consequence; the apartments were more spacious than the appearance in the view would lead a spectator to imagine; particularly in the back part, where the rooms nearly doubled the front ones in dimensions. At the extremity of the building, through the Gothic arch (see the view), was a door, very rarely opened, that led by a gradual descent to a subterraneous passage, traditionally said to lead to the church of , with which, in former times, this building had a communication, though nearly at the distance of mile apart. This subterraneous passage was the theme and conversation of the neighbours for years prior to the demolition of the premises; and several persons were led by curiosity to explore the passage, but few had courage to venture a distance of more than yards, before they returned back, resigning the task to others, who might possess more temerity. A man named Price, a smith, now living in the neighbourhood, was at length resolved to discover the termination of the passage, if possible, and provided himself with a quantity of blazing links to subdue the damps of the earth, as well as guide him in his way; he returned, however, unsuccessful; but with the best account that had hitherto been given of the obstructions that lay in the way; viz., that, as far as he was able to judge, he might proceed to the extent of from to yards, with some difficulty, from the falling in of the earth in various places; but what entirely stopped his further pursuit, was a pool of water he arrived at, which he did not think it prudent to pass, as he found the damp of the earth had a visible effect on his flaming conductors, and he returned back to daylight without achieving the wished--for discovery.

The vignette (in the view of ) represents the appearance of the small houses and shops that enclose the present grounds of the Adam and Eve, the proprietors of which must be greatly benefited from the produce of rent, arising from the small shops, made out of the boxes in the old Tea Gardens, each of which generally let for, from to per annum. The occupants, however, from the crowded and improving state of the neighbourhood, are enabled to carry on a very prosperous trade.

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 Title Page
 Howell's View of London
 View of the Fire of London
 City Wall
 The Conduits of Cheapside and Cornhill
 Plan of the Fire in Bishopsgate Street, Cornhill, and Leadenhall Street: November 7th, 1765
Frost Fair on the River Thames
 Part of the Strand: St. Clement's Danes
 Ancient Structure in Ship Yard: Temple Bar
 St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I and his Court at a Sermon
 Ancient Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London
 Paul's Cross (and Preaching There)
Elsinge Spital, Sion College, and the Church of St. Alphage, London Wall
 Elsinge's Hospital; or, as it is otherwise denominated, Elsynge Spittle
 Sion College
 The Priory and Church of St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield
 The Church of St. Bartholomew the Less: Giltspure Street, West Smithfield, in the Ward of Farringdon Without
Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate Street
The Priory and Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Street
 Monument of Sir Andrew Judde, Knight: In the Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Within
St. Michael's Church: Cornhill
The Parish Church of St. Paul, Shadwell: In the County of Middlesex
 The Parish Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill: In Cornhill Ward
Extracts from the Vestry Books of the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill
 St. Saviour's Church
 St. Saviour's Church, Southwark
 Winchester Palace, Southwark
 Chapels at the Eastern End of the Church of St. Saviour, Southwark
 Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
 An Account of Bermondsey, its Manor, Priory, and Abbey
 Priory of the Holy Trinity: In the Ward of Aldgate
 St. Martin-le-Grand College, and St. Vedast, Foster Lane
 Guildhall Chapel
 A short Account of Lazar Houses in and near London
 Knightsbridge Chapel
 Lambe's Chapel and Alms-Houses: Monkwell Street, Cripplegate
 The late Mr. Skelton's Meeting House, Erected Near the Site of the Globe Theatre, Maid Lane, Southwark
 Zoar Street, Gravel Lane, Meeting House and School
 Oratory, Under the Antient Mansion, or Inn, of the Priors of Lewes in Sussex
 Whitehall: Plate I
 Whitehall: Plate II
 Whitehall: Plate III
 St. James's Palace
 Fawkeshall, or Copped Hall, Surrey
 Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road
 King John's Palace
 Clarendon House, called also Albemarle House
 Somerset House
 Suffolk House
 York House
 Durham, Salisbury, and Worcester Houses
 Sir Paul Pindar's House
 Montagu House: Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury
 The British Museum
 Bedford House, Bloomsbury Square
 Peterborough House, afterward Grosvenor House, Millbank, Westminster
 Craven House, Drury Lane
 Ancient Mansion called Monteagle House: Montague Close, Southwark
 Oldbourne Hall, Shoe Lane: In the Parish of St. Andrew, Holborn