Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1

Wilkinson, Robert


Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.

Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem.



The annexed print is faithfully copied from the very scarce etching of the same subject, by Hollar, in Dugdale's Monasticon.[*] 

It exhibits this monastery in points of view; the great gatehouse, or entrance, built by prior Dockra, in the reign of Henry VII. and still standing; the west end of the conventual church, with some ancient buildings adjoining it; and the principal front towards .

Of these views, the last is by far the most curious, not only as shewing more of the building than the others, but as every atom of that part of the structure, excepting the east end of the church, is now completely destroyed. From this valuable memorial we may form a tolerably correct idea of the extent and magnificence of this once rich and celebrated Hospital, as well as gain some insight into the age and style of its architecture: several of the windows in particular, we may observe, were extremely beautiful, and of a very early fashion.

The gateway is not very faithfully delineated; but being exhibited more in its original state than we now see it, this representation is not without its value. The battlements at the top must at that time have given a great addition to the stateliness of its appearance. The title-pages of the Gentleman's Magazine would have immortalized this part of the structure, had there been no other memorial remaining.

The west end of the church, now faced with a modern screen of brick-work, is shewn in the print in the state it was left by the Protector Somerset, the architecture being of that mixed kind then adopted: its elegant nave and transepts, its beautiful high enamelled spire, pathetically lamented by Stowe as the pride of the metropolis, and all its ancient glory, had fallen a sacrifice a century before this view was taken, to the rapacity of that minister. The choir, much modernized and defaced, still exists, and is now the parochial church of St. John, Clerkenwell.

priory was founded about the year by Jordan Brisset and Muriel his wife, who had previously founded the nunnery at Clerkenwell. The church was dedicated by Heraclius, patriarch of Jerusalem, years after the above period; which space, from its foundation, we may conjecture, had been employed in erecting that and the other buildings of the monastery. It was the chief seat of the religious order called the Knights Hospitalers of Jerusalem, and previous to its dissolution possessed immense revenues. During the insurrection of Wat Tyler this fine convent was in great part burnt by the mob; the succeeding priors endeavoured to repair the damage; but the church and buildings were not completely finished until the year , when Thomas Dockra was prior.

monastery, at the suppression, was valued to expend yearly


[*] It is singular that almost all the existing impressions of this print are extremely faint and worn, by which it should seem that the plate had been much worked; yet it is so scarce that many copies of Dugdale want it, and a single impression, when met with, is not to be purchased under two or three guineas.

View all images in this book
 Title Page
 Howell's View of London
 View of the Fire of London
 City Wall
 The Conduits of Cheapside and Cornhill
 Plan of the Fire in Bishopsgate Street, Cornhill, and Leadenhall Street: November 7th, 1765
Frost Fair on the River Thames
 Part of the Strand: St. Clement's Danes
 Ancient Structure in Ship Yard: Temple Bar
 St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I and his Court at a Sermon
 Ancient Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London
 Paul's Cross (and Preaching There)
Elsinge Spital, Sion College, and the Church of St. Alphage, London Wall
 Elsinge's Hospital; or, as it is otherwise denominated, Elsynge Spittle
 Sion College
 The Priory and Church of St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield
 The Church of St. Bartholomew the Less: Giltspure Street, West Smithfield, in the Ward of Farringdon Without
Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate Street
The Priory and Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Street
 Monument of Sir Andrew Judde, Knight: In the Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Within
St. Michael's Church: Cornhill
The Parish Church of St. Paul, Shadwell: In the County of Middlesex
 The Parish Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill: In Cornhill Ward
Extracts from the Vestry Books of the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill
 St. Saviour's Church
 St. Saviour's Church, Southwark
 Winchester Palace, Southwark
 Chapels at the Eastern End of the Church of St. Saviour, Southwark
 Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
 An Account of Bermondsey, its Manor, Priory, and Abbey
 Priory of the Holy Trinity: In the Ward of Aldgate
 St. Martin-le-Grand College, and St. Vedast, Foster Lane
 Guildhall Chapel
 A short Account of Lazar Houses in and near London
 Knightsbridge Chapel
 Lambe's Chapel and Alms-Houses: Monkwell Street, Cripplegate
 The late Mr. Skelton's Meeting House, Erected Near the Site of the Globe Theatre, Maid Lane, Southwark
 Zoar Street, Gravel Lane, Meeting House and School
 Oratory, Under the Antient Mansion, or Inn, of the Priors of Lewes in Sussex
 Whitehall: Plate I
 Whitehall: Plate II
 Whitehall: Plate III
 St. James's Palace
 Fawkeshall, or Copped Hall, Surrey
 Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road
 King John's Palace
 Clarendon House, called also Albemarle House
 Somerset House
 Suffolk House
 York House
 Durham, Salisbury, and Worcester Houses
 Sir Paul Pindar's House
 Montagu House: Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury
 The British Museum
 Bedford House, Bloomsbury Square
 Peterborough House, afterward Grosvenor House, Millbank, Westminster
 Craven House, Drury Lane
 Ancient Mansion called Monteagle House: Montague Close, Southwark
 Oldbourne Hall, Shoe Lane: In the Parish of St. Andrew, Holborn