Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1

Wilkinson, Robert


Antient Structure InShip Yard, Temple Bar.

Antient Structure InShip Yard, Temple Bar.


Previous to the Fire of London, almost every street throughout the metropolis exhibited an appearance similar to that of , and in very few instances could boast of greater width, air, or accommodation. , in its immediate vicinity, was not completed as a street, until the year ; before that time, it entirely cut off from London, and nothing intervened, except a few scattered houses, more resembling a country village, than any thing like the neighbourhood of the city in the world. All the houses on the south side had great gardens to the river, and were called by their owners' names, and in after-times gave title to the several streets that succeeded them, leading down to the Thames; each of them had stairs for the conveniency of taking boat, many of which remain in use to the present time. The architecture of the antient houses in is precisely that of the old buildings near , of which was inhabited by the celebrated Isaac Walton, author of the Complete Angler, and greatly resembles many still remaining in Leadenhall and Bishopsgate Streets, Smithfield, Borough, , &c. That many of these antiquated, and at present dilapidated and decayed dwellings, were once the residence of persons of rank, opulence, and consequence, is past all doubt: and we have higher authority than traditionary information to establish the facts. The great Duc de Sully was lodged, during his embassy to England, on the accession of James I. in Arundel House, formerly Bath's Inn, the buildings of which, though extensive, were both low and mean; the well-known Queen of Bohemia condescended to inhabit Craven House, afterwards converted to an inn; Sir Philip Sidney had his abode in the ; and the great Sir Walter Raleigh's mansion is at present a rendezvous and house of accommodation for country graziers, drovers, &c. at , known by the sign of the Pyed Bull.

The principal building exhibited in the view, might originally have formed but establishment, though, from the visible alterations on the ground-floor, for the convenience of shops, it has been divided into separate tenements, for the purpose of easier accommodation to speculating tradesmen. Elias Ashmole, who is supposed to have resided here, had occasion for still larger premises than these appear, being the greatest collector of curiosities of any man in England, independent of the room required for the various apparatus, he must necessarily have had for his different pursuits and studies in astrology, botany, chemistry, heraldry, and antiquities; in all of which he was a great proficient. In addition to his Diary, which is a very curious and interesting work, he published, under the feigned name of James Hasolle, Esq. his

Fasciculus Chemicus; or, Chemical Collections, expressing the Ingress, Progress, and Egress of the Secret Hermetic Science,

&c. mo. His

Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum,

published in to. , contains many pieces of our old Hermetic philosophers. This work gained him a considerable reputation, which was very much increased by his laborious and accurate

History of the Order of the Garter,

published in folio, . Mr. Ashmole enjoyed several lucrative places under the government in the reign of Charles II. the emoluments of which greatly forwarded the establishment of the Museum at Oxford,[*]  which bears his name, and was founded in his lifetime. He died , aged .


[*] John Tradescant, gardener to Charles I. was the first man that distinguished himself as a collector of natural and artificial curiosities, and was followed by his son in the same pursuit, who with his wife joined in a deed of gift, by which their friend Mr. Ashmole was entitled to their collection after the decease of the former. It was accordingly claimed by him; but the widow Tradescant refusing to deliver it, was compelled by a decree of the Court of Chancery. She was soon after found drowned in a pond in her own garden.

View all images in this book
 Title Page
 Howell's View of London
 View of the Fire of London
 City Wall
 The Conduits of Cheapside and Cornhill
 Plan of the Fire in Bishopsgate Street, Cornhill, and Leadenhall Street: November 7th, 1765
Frost Fair on the River Thames
 Part of the Strand: St. Clement's Danes
 Ancient Structure in Ship Yard: Temple Bar
 St. Paul's Cross and Cathedral: With King James I and his Court at a Sermon
 Ancient Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London
 Paul's Cross (and Preaching There)
Elsinge Spital, Sion College, and the Church of St. Alphage, London Wall
 Elsinge's Hospital; or, as it is otherwise denominated, Elsynge Spittle
 Sion College
 The Priory and Church of St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield
 The Church of St. Bartholomew the Less: Giltspure Street, West Smithfield, in the Ward of Farringdon Without
Crosby Hall, Bishopsgate Street
The Priory and Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Street
 Monument of Sir Andrew Judde, Knight: In the Church of St. Helen, Bishopsgate Within
St. Michael's Church: Cornhill
The Parish Church of St. Paul, Shadwell: In the County of Middlesex
 The Parish Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill: In Cornhill Ward
Extracts from the Vestry Books of the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill
 St. Saviour's Church
 St. Saviour's Church, Southwark
 Winchester Palace, Southwark
 Chapels at the Eastern End of the Church of St. Saviour, Southwark
 Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
 An Account of Bermondsey, its Manor, Priory, and Abbey
 Priory of the Holy Trinity: In the Ward of Aldgate
 St. Martin-le-Grand College, and St. Vedast, Foster Lane
 Guildhall Chapel
 A short Account of Lazar Houses in and near London
 Knightsbridge Chapel
 Lambe's Chapel and Alms-Houses: Monkwell Street, Cripplegate
 The late Mr. Skelton's Meeting House, Erected Near the Site of the Globe Theatre, Maid Lane, Southwark
 Zoar Street, Gravel Lane, Meeting House and School
 Oratory, Under the Antient Mansion, or Inn, of the Priors of Lewes in Sussex
 Whitehall: Plate I
 Whitehall: Plate II
 Whitehall: Plate III
 St. James's Palace
 Fawkeshall, or Copped Hall, Surrey
 Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road
 King John's Palace
 Clarendon House, called also Albemarle House
 Somerset House
 Suffolk House
 York House
 Durham, Salisbury, and Worcester Houses
 Sir Paul Pindar's House
 Montagu House: Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury
 The British Museum
 Bedford House, Bloomsbury Square
 Peterborough House, afterward Grosvenor House, Millbank, Westminster
 Craven House, Drury Lane
 Ancient Mansion called Monteagle House: Montague Close, Southwark
 Oldbourne Hall, Shoe Lane: In the Parish of St. Andrew, Holborn