Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1
Gifts and Charities of the Parish of St. Peter upon Cornhill.This account is compiled from that given in Strype's edition of Stow's Survey of London, Vol. I. book ii. chap. viii. pp. 140, 141; the Presentment delivered into the Bishop of London's Registry at the Parochial Visitation of 1693, printed in Newcourt's Diocess of London, vol. i. p. 525; and the Fourth Report of the Commissioners appointed to enquire concerning Public Charities, dated 8th July, 1820, pp. 145, 146.
Laurence Thompson, of London, Draper, who was buried in this Church, by his will dated in , gave for the preaching of sermons annually, until the sum were expended; which were all delivered by Dr. Ashbold, the Rector; he also gave in trust to the Draper's Company, to allow as the yearly interest to the Poor of this Parish in bread, and sea-coal or charcoal against Christmas, for ever; namely, in wheaten bread, by every Sunday, and in the latter. And his will was that the poor should come to divine service, or else to have no alms. This gift is still distributed.
Boniface Tatham, of London, Vintner, who was buried in this Parish , gave yearly to the Parson for preaching sermons, for the term of the lease of a tavern in called the Mermaid; and penny loaves to the poor every Sunday for the same period. Expired.
Mr. William Walthal, late of London, Alderman, buried in this Church , gave to the Parish Fund; also , , for as many sermons to be preached in the same Church; and to be lent to young shopkeepers and residents of the Parish, each providing sufficient securities, by to each, at the interest of , or yearly, for years at a time: the annual interest of the whole, amounting to to be distributed to the poor of the Parish in bread and charcoal. This gift is frequently referred to in the Vestry-books under the name of
The same benefactor also allowed yearly to the Churchwardens and Overseers to take care that his will were effectually performed.
Robert Warden, of London, Poulterer, buried in this Church , by his will dated Juue , gave out of messuage or tenement, known as the sign of the Pepper-Quern, lying and being in , in this Parish, the sum of annually, for ever; to be distributed as follows:—s. to the poor in bread, by every Sunday; and in case any freeman of the Poulterers' Company be residing in the Parish and wanting relief, then he to have a rateable share; yearly for sermons, to be preached before the Poulterers' Company, on Ash Wednesday and ; and to the Clerk, and to the Sexton, for their attendance at the same. All these have been regularly paid by that Company; and since the annuity has been increased to by an addition of from the Company's funds; of which are given to the minister, making his donation guineas; and to the Clerk and Sexton. The house devised by this will is that at the angle formed by and , now () occupied by Messrs. J. and A. Arch, Booksellers; on the eastern front of which the Poulterers' arms are cut in stone.
Mr. John Malin, Physician, buried in this Church, , gave the sum of to be paid to the poor of the Parish every Friday Morning, weekly for ever.
In Thomas Symonds gave by will his house (in made into ), to the Poor of the Parish, with a garden in , valued at per annum, to be distributed in bread every Sunday as a memorial of him.[b]
About the year Mrs. Lucy Edge gave to the Church and Parish; namely to the weekly Lecture, to the poor, to the Clerk, and to the Sexton.
. Thomas Hinde gave by his will dated , per annum out of the rent of the moities of several messuages, and an alley called Loxton's Alley, with the appurtenances, situate altogether in , of which was called the Black Bull, and another the George; of which were to be given to the poor, and to the minister for preaching a sermon on the Eve of every Palm-Sunday. The are now received annually from the tenant of the Black Bull Inn; and the gift is distributed to the poor in bread and money, at the discretion of the Parish-officers; but chiefly in small sums of or sixpence to each person.
. William Dwight by his will dated , gave to the poor in sea-coal, charged upon the house in , where Mr. William Trunket, late of this Parish resided. The building thus charged is that occupied as Norie and Co's. Navigation-Warehouse, No. , whence the rent-charge is regularly paid; and it is applied by the Parish-officers in occasional gifts of coals or money to the poor of the Parish, distinct from the relief given by the rates.
. Thomas Hawks of gave to be put out at interest or otherwise, as the Churchwardens thought fit, for the use of the poor for ever; which benefaction, however, was not received until , and then with some difficulty. The Vestry ordered yearly to be paid to the poor for ever, out of the rents of a certain messuage belonging to the Parish, every St. Thomas's Day for this benefaction.
. Sir Benjamin Thorowgood, Knight and Alderman, built shops at the west end of the Church, and settled them upon the Parish for the maintenance of an organ and organist to play in divine service, on Sundays and holidays; which shops in were let for per annum.
The Parish is also possessed of a charitable fund, consisting of per cent. reduced annuities, which, in a book called the Ledger of Rents and Gifts, is stated to be Ralph Baldwin's Gift, but nothing farther could be discovered concerning its origin, or the particular purpose for which it was given. The stock stands in the names of Joseph Gough and James Palmer, who receive the dividends and pay them over to the Churchwardens, by whom they are distributed to the poor at their discretion.
This Parish likewise receives a share of yearly from a benefaction of Margaret Dane, entrusted by will date May, , , to the Ironmongers Company, of faggots to be distributed to the poorest people of the Wards of London, for ever: in respect of which the Deputy of each Ward receives from the Company annually, for distribution in the respective Wards.[a]
The Living attached to the Church of St. Peter upon is a Rectory, subject to the Archdeacon of London,[b] the advowson of which was anciently united with that of St. Margaret Patens, , and belonged to the family of Neville of Essex. In -, they appear, with these of the London Churches of St. Christopher, St. Benedict Finch, and St. Olave, without the Tower, in a return of the possessions of John de Nevyle:[c] and in , the advowsons, with the Manor of Leadenhall, were conveyed by the Lady Alice, relict of Sir Hugh Neville, to Richard Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel and Surrey. In another Alice, widow of Sir John Neville, confirmed the same property and presentations to Thomas Cogshall, and others, who presented Clerks to the Living of in and ; but years afterwards Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, was patron of the Church and owner of the Manor. Robert and Margaret Rikedon of Essex, with others, presented the Rector; and in the Manor of Leadenhall, and the advowsons of and St. Margaret Patens, were conveyed by charter to Richard Whittington and other Citizens of London, though evidently only as agents for the Mayor and Commonalty, to whom the property was transferred in . Translated copies of the conveyance-charters and letters-patent by which this was effected, will be found in the account of the Manor, Chapel, and Market, of Leadenhall, contained in the present work. The Corporation of London thus became the Patron of the Church of St. Peter upon , which it has ever since continued; making the presentation in .[d]
[b] Of this property the Parish-Officers of St. Peter's had for some time lost the memory, no such entry being found in the Ledger of Rents and Gifts; but in the returns of Charitable donations belonging to this Parish made to Parliament under the Act of 1786, is a notice of a sum of 6l., the benefaction of Thomas Symonds, arising from a piece of land let on a building-lease, which fell in at Lady Day 1787, consisting of two houses; and it also appeared in the Ledger of Rents and Gifts, that two houses belonging to the Parish in Little Bell-Alley, Coleman Street, were let to Michael Burke on lease for 31 years from Lady Day, 1787, at a rent of 42l. which premises had been previously let for 6l. per annum. From these concurrent statements it appears most probable that these two houses were the premises left by the will of Thomas Symonds, and described therein as a house and garden in Coleman Street, to which Little Bell Alley is contiguous. The lease to Burke having expired at Lady-Day 1818, these houses have been let from Christmas in that year at the rents of 60l. per annum for each house; the one to Isaac Rogers and the other to Charles Blackbird, as tenants from year to year. The rent has been constantly carried to the general Church account, no suspicion being entertained that it was appropriated to any charitable purposes.
[a] Fourth Report concerning Charities: p. 146.—Parish of St. Mary Woolnoth, p. 122.
[b] Newcourt's Diocess of London, vol. i. p. 522.
[c] Calendarium Inquisitiones Post Mortem, 10 Edward I. No. 22.
[d] Newcourt's Diocess of London, vol. i. p. 523.