Londina Illustrata. Graphic and Historical Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, Schools, Charitable Foundations, Palaces, Halls, Courts, Processions, Places of Early Amusement, and Modern Present Theatres, in the Cities and Suburbs of London and Westminster, Volume 1
Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road.
Toten-Hall, Tottenham Court Road.
The accompanying view is all that remains as a vestige of the once respectable, if not magnificent , appertaining to the Lordship of Totenhall, situated at the north-west extremity of [*] . The building represented, formed but little part of the mansion of its once opulent occupant, and appears to have been a part only of the lodgings or offices appropriated to the use of domestics. It is at present converted into a drinking parlour, and is detached from the dwelling of the Adam and Eve public-house and wine-vaults, built on the site of the old . The Adam and Eve has long been celebrated as a tea-house and gardens, on a similar plan with those of White Conduit House and . The grounds were spacious and convenient, part of which were converted to the games of skittles, Dutch-pins, bumble-puppy, &c., &c. In the long room was an excellent organ, and it was generally well attended, and the company respectable, until within the last years; but in consequence of the accumulation of buildings in the neighbourhood, it became a place of more promiscuous resort, and persons of the worst character and description were in the constant habit of frequenting it; highwaymen, footpads, pickpockets, and common women, formed its leading visitants, and it became so great a nuisance to the neighbourhood, that the magistrates interfered, the organ was banished, the skittle-grounds destroyed, and the gardens dug up for the foundation of Eden Street, which is built on their site. Hogarth has made the Adam and Eve the place of rendezvous for the March of the Guards to Finchley; and upon the sign-board of the house is inserted, NURSERY, allusive to the place where the famous Broughton's Amphitheatre for Boxing was erected, which has since been taken down, having been rendered useless by the justices not permitting such kind of diversions. The person who kept the Adam and Eve last, a Mr. Greatorex, made the alteration fronting the road, and was considered a man of considerable property, but speculating deeply in money affairs and building, he became so much embarrassed as to be compelled to quit the kingdom; and is at present in business at Paris, as an innkeeper. The Adam and Eve has completely retrieved its character, and for respectability yields to no licensed house in its neighbourhood.
Until within a few years, the , and that known by the name of , were the only buildings within the distance of nearly a mile, and both completely surrounded by fields. The Adam and Eve is at present incased within houses, and the whole of Brook and Eden Streets have sprung up within the last years; the latter being only a part of the once extensive ground and gardens appertaining to the Adam and Eve.
The Plan exhibits the very extensive improvements that have taken place on the site and immediate vicinity of King John's Old Palace: , directly fronting the north of , of which it is intended to form a continuation, is at present nearly completed, and ends in the ; while , now entirely finished, forms a junction with Southampton Terrace, and continues the , with little break or interruption, to the railing of , connecting the line of the , from Paddington, through Somers Town, , , &c., as continual street to , surpassing in extent and beauty, every other within, or surrounding the metropolis of the British empire.
[*] The Prebendary of Totenhall, or Totanell (which now goes by the name of Tottenham, or Totnam Court), is in the diocese of London, and hath the fourth stall on the left side of the choir in the cathedral church of St. Paul: and the corps of his prebend lies in the parish of St. Pancras, in the county of Middlesex. One of the earliest Prebendaries was Ranulph Flambard, who was at first Chaplain to Maurice, Bishop of London, whom he left in disgust, for not letting him have the deanry when void, and wound himself into the court and into great favour with the King William (Rufus), and became a fit instrument for his corrupt practices, and for his own. This King made him chief governor under him of all his realm, which he sufficiently abused, and thereby became odious, both to the commonalty and nobility, and was very likely to have been trepanned out of his life, but was strangely delivered out of the danger, and was soon after made Bishop of Durham; the King nominating him to that see, on the Feast of Pentecost, 1099, to which he was consecrated in the church of St. Paul, on Trinity Sunday, June 5, following: but that King being accidentally killed by an arrow in New Forest, in Hampshire; in about a year and two months after, his successor, King Henry I. clapt up the said Bishop prisoner in the Tower of London, out of which, not long after, making his escape, he fled into Normandy, incited Duke Robert to attempt England, which he did with the Bishop in his company: but King Henry with his money prevailing with his brother, he returned again into Normandy, with condition that Ranulph should be restored to his bishoprick, which was accordingly done; and he peaceably enjoyed it till his death, which happened on the 4th or 5th of September, 1118, after he had sate twenty-nine years, three months, and odd days; and had raised the walls of his church to the roof, translated the reliques of St. Cuthbert into his new cathedral of Durham, and bestowed a shrine on him—compassed the city with a wall—continued divers banks along the river Were—built the Castle of Norham, the Hospital of Kepar, and the Bridge of Framoldgate—founded the Priory of Motsford, near Winchester, and re-edified and much increased the state of the collegiate church of Christchurch, in Hampshire, of which he had formerly been Dean.