Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
THE ISLES OF SCILLY.
THE of by the called the and by the ancient Greeks the and are scituate against the most Western Cape of from which they are about 24 distant; and are about 145 in number; all being plentifully stored with and other which breed in the craggy and and some of them fertile in Amongst these these following are of chief note.
which communicates its name to the rest of the and the largest and most fertile of all both for and is about eight in circuit; is strengthned with a called Elizabeth; for Ships.
UNDER the name of the may be comprehended several which are dispersed about the And first with the of
an Island scituate in that part of the which is called St. and lyeth between the Kingdoms of and to wit, South of West of and East of from all which it is not so far distant, but that in a clear day, on the top of (which is in the midst of the ) all the three Kingdoms may easily be seen.
This by was called by by the Britains, by the English, and by the Inhabitants,
The is sharp, but healthful, and subject to high Winds; yet the Frosts are short, and the Snow lyeth not long in the The is reasonable fruitful (yet very mountainous) affording good store of and other especially of which the make their bread; and its Pastures feed good Flocks of and herds of which for smallness resemble those of the ancient Irish breed. Here are great store of of sundry sorts, especially in the of a very small spot seated in the South part towards where there are also abundance of a certain that breeds in and are chiefly useful for their and the made of them, yet their if pickled, or salted, comes little short of by reason of their fish-like taste. Here are also abundance of and in its fresh-water Rivers and Sea-coast, are taken store of
It produceth and in great plenty, also in small quantities, and when they are assured that there is enough to serve themselves.
The do not much adict themselves to only contenting themselves in way of Barter for such necessaries as they have most occasion for, as and the like; and for support of this their small they make choice of certain Merchants which are chosen by the at the and accordingly are sworn by the or to deal uprightly, and for the profit of the And these Merchants are the only persons that do negotiate with such as bring unto them in way of Barter; and what bargains the said chants make, the are obliged to stand unto; and the said so taken in truck, are equally destributed to every one according to the Goods he parted with.
The form of this is long and narrow, being about 30 in length, and about 9 in breadth where broadest.
It is very destitute of which makes the use and for their firing.
It is generally an High-land on the Sea-coast, and guarded with at a farther distance then the
The were anciently the or which is apparent by their Language; and before Christianity had footing here, were very rude and barbarous: but at present they are a civil and laborious people, no wayes voluptuous in their nor costly in their or they are very Religious, and neglect not the Church, yet (as all people) they are inclined to contentions and strifes they are not much addicted unto, living in amity together; and for recreation they are so adicted to the of the that there is scarce any family but is provided therewith.
As to the for Spiritual affairs, it hath a who at present is the Right Reverend Dr. and is called Lord Bishop of and for affairs, a or with two or a a of the a a an and other And to their further assistance (as occasion requireth for the deciding of controversies, &c.) are usually called the 24 of the especially once every year, to wit, upon at St. to the where upon a hill, adjoyning to the said the of the being there assembled, hear the and agreed upon before in the which is performed with no small ceremony and pomp, especially if the Lord of the be present, who is seated on a of with a over his head, and attended by his viz. the the the and the The present Lord of the (who is called in ) is the Right Honorable Earl of Baron of and &c. a dignity hereditary to him, and his Heirs.
The have a great happiness above those of in that they are freed from necessary and chargeable and heavy Fees of the for here no or take any thing for drawing up or making up all Controversies being ended by the without or matter of charge; and for the deciding the same they have their several kept at certain times of the year for the of such a or division of the where they have particular which do observe good and
The do here observe two very good the one, in not permitting the poor to get their living by begging; and the other, that when the go abroad, they begirt themselves with their to put them in mind of their mortality.
This is severed into two parts, South and North, whereof the of the one hath affinity whith the and the other with the And in these parts are numbred 17 and many is defended by two and for intercourse of hath five Its chief places are
the best peopled and of the greatest resort by reason of its commodious unto which the and others, come to with them for their as aforesaid; and for the security of the Harbour here is a
or where within a small Isle, the Fourteenth instituted an It is fortified with a strong but of no great importance as to the security of the place, by reason of its distance from the rocky and shallow Harbour.
seated on a Bay so called.
scituate on the Sea, where it hath a which for defence hath some mounted thereon.
or seated in St. a place of great strength towards the Sea, and defended by a being a as are the former. Amongst its other Places are these following; honoured with the Palace of the and
seated near the Coast of in and opposite to in of which it is a part; it is a place of good strength, as well by Nature as Art, as being fenced about with and and defended by several It is an of a fertile and the more by reason of their rich manuring it, bearing good crops of and other grain, and breeding store of especially good flocks of whose is fine, of which they make in great plenty. It is ill clothed with instead of which they use for fewel a kind of which they call which plentifully groweth on the Rocks, and in the craggy and this being dryed they and with the ashes they manure the Land: Nor are they permitted to gather it, but in the and and then upon certain days, according to the appointment of the
This conteineth in length from in the Fast, to in the West, about 10 and in breadth from in the South, to in the North, about 6; and in circumference about 38
It is blest with a sweet, temperate, and wholsome not being subject to any disease, except in It is well watered with fresh streams, and hath great plenty of and the who are much of the nature of the in their live very happily, enjoy the fruits of their labour, addicting themselves to but principally to the of which finds good vent in and elsewhere.
The of this is as followeth; or is sent over by the King of who appointed as a who together with twelve or sworn which are elected out of the 12 by the choice of the sit and administer in but in he sitteth with seven of them; and in of which are to be decided by reason and equity, with only three.
This is very where furnished with commodious and and is garnished with twelve besides several Its chief places are
so called from Bishop of who was hither banished, and here interr'd: A seated on the Sea-shoar, nigh unto which is a small so called, which is fortified with a and this is the principal in the for its plenty of and for being the place where the of are kept.
seated not far from the Sea, where it hath a as also a small so called.
seated on an Arm of the Sea; not far from which is the of seated on a steep on the Eastern-shoar; nigh unto which is a place called the and another called also these
|and not far from which on the Northshoar, is seated the strong Castle of|
seated about 15 North-west from and on the same Coast; an not so large, nor altogether so fertile as by reason the do not addict themselves so much to cultivating and manuring it, as they do to for which this is more eminent; yet doth it in a liberal manner answer the Husband-mans labour, bringing forth good encrease, and breeding good store of This is seated very high, having many steep amongst which is found a hard and sharp Stone called which is used by for the cleansing, cutting, and burnishing their as also by for the cutting their And for many reasons this may be preferred before as for its greater strength, more commodious which are better resorted unto by and for that it suffereth neither or any other venomous creature to live, which the other doth.
The Government of this as also the people, as to their are much the same as in
In this are numbred ten besides the chief amongst which are
a not very large, but well inhabited and replenished with Merchants. It is a place of good strength, for the entry of the which is Rocky, is fortified on both sides with as also by of which that on the right hand called is seated on a high Rock, which at every High-water is encompassed with the Sea; and and here resideth the as also for the generality, the Souldiers which are kept for the security of the and is well provided with all sorts of Ammunition for War if occasion should so happen. Its other places are and On the West part of the near the Sea, is a Lake of about a mile and an half in compass, which is well replenished with especially
This as also that of with several other small ones on the Coast of and are under the Diocess of amongst which are those of encompassed with steep And which serveth as a Park for the Governour of to feed to keep and and was formerly a solitary place of and after for the
of opposite to of which it is a part, already treated of in the Description of the said County.
a small adjoyning to the County of of which it is also a part, and already there treated of.
And besides these there are divers others which may not so properly be ranged under these four heads aforesaid; and such are those of
seated over against about two in length, and as much in breadth, very fertile and strong, whose chief place beareth the same name. Also and all in the
Also the of and in (and near) already taken notice of; and lastly those of and on the Coast of likewise there treated of.
Thus having, with what brevity I could, given a Description of his and in the it will be necessary before I conclude to give the a short account of those places also related unto the Crown of in to wit, in in the where the English have the greatest concern, and are very powerful.
 Isle of Man.
 Its scituation.
 Its names,
 Its air, temperature, and ferrility.
 Isle of Calf.
 Its trade and commodities.
 Its form.
 Its Inhabitants.
 The Government.
 Good order observed in their Law.
 Its chief places,
 The Isle of Jersey described.
 Its Extent.
 Its Air and temperature.
 Its chief places.
 St. Hillares.
 St. Albans.
 St. Clements.
 Mount- Orguil.
 The Isles of Carnsey describe.
 Its Government.
 Chief Places.
 St. Peters.
 Other places.
 Serk-Isle. Jethew-Isle.
 Isle of Wight.
 Chaldey, and Dennoy-Isles.
 Isles of Sheppey and Thanet.