Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
THE West-Riding OF YORKSHIRE.
THis Part is the largest of all, and is bounded on the East by which divides it from on the South by the Counties of and the West by and on the North by the North and East It is severed into nine is every where well watered with and replenished with good whose names are as followeth.
of old seated in a barren upon a steep descent of an and on a branch of the River a place famous as well for being the birth-place of the Inventor of the and for its strict Law in the sudden beheading of such as are taken in the act of Theft; as for the largeness of the conteining eleven of of which two are and for its numbering about 12000 by whose industry in the making of and other they have gained to themselves a very good and esteem in the Kingdom. It is a good fair graced with Stone-built Houses, and well ordered and paved Streets, and hath a considerable for on
About six from near the and on a steep Hill, is seated which was the ancient where there was a and long since reduced to ruins; and is said to have been a place of great repute when the first began their Regal Government, being then the and had in it a built by the of these parts, and dedicated to St.
At near the Spring-head of the on the top of a high (which is not to be ascended but on one side) was formerly dug up a erected to the tutelar God of the whole State of the
commonly called from the colour of the soil, and from a Collery near unto it, it is seated on a and near a
|Brook; 'tis a reasonable well-built with and hath a good on for all sorts of and here made, which is the only Manufacture of this place.
watered with the River or once fortified with a strong till demolished in the late Wars, and is of chief note for the great quantity of there inhabiting (by reason of the many Mines in these parts) who drive a good trade for all sorts of and other things of especially called here made; a Manufacture so ancient, that Mr. in one of his stories takes notice of a person with a Whittle by his side: The is large, its built of and hath a great on for several especially which is much bought up for the supply of some parts of and the West of
On the River were seated five all within ten miles distance, of which is one, supposed by its ruinous form, and the several there found, to be built by the as was where there was a Temple dedicated to now the Inheritance of Sir of Baronet.
The large in which this of with divers others are seated, gives Title to the Right Honorable Earl of
seated on the over which it hath a fine of note for giving birth to Arch-bishop of who there founded a with three for the instructing of Youth in and but long since laid aside. The is well- built with and hath a very great on for and
At not far distant, there was a most bloody battel fought between Captain of the and the which proved unfortunate to and as 'tis said, with the loss of his life, his Head being chopt off by the Enemy: And here is the remainder of a large strong said to be built by the
which gives name to one part of this yet reteineth something of its ancient and which were demo'ished in the late Wars. It hath a distinct Liberty called the Honour of is part of the of and hath a on
scituate in the edge of the County towards a small but of great for and which are brought hither up the River, and hath an indifferent good on
from its now reduced to ruin; it is seated on the and on the great Road to an ancient of good Antiquity, where the Captain of the lay in Garison under the General of In this suffered much, a great part, with its being consumed with fire, and for some time lay in its ruins; but in the end was rebuilt, with a fair erected in the place where the stood, and dedicated to St. It is a large, well-built, and inhabited governed by a and is honoured in giving Title of Earldom to his Grace Duke of Earl of it enjoyeth a good especially for and and hath a very good for on
seated on the River a small and hath a little on
In this part is a little of about fifteen miles in clrcuit, which produceth excellent feeding for called and
honoured by giving birth to King the First, is seated on the which gives passage for small Vessels to by reason of which it is a great of some and hath a good on for and
a small, but well inhabited where there is a famous it is seated on a River which soon falleth into the hath a little on And is noted for its and
Not far from at the Springhead of the River is seated in which was the Royal Seat of the Kings of
And at (on in .) was sought that bloody conslict between the of and in which Combate there appeared in the Field (as partakers on both sides) about 100000 fighting men; amongst which were aboundance of the and of the Nation: The success seemed a great part of the day very dubious, but in the end Fortune favoured the of with a notable Victory over the And in this fight there are said to have been slain in the Field about 30000 English men.
very delightfully seated in a sine dry track of ground (where groweth and in great plenty) and in a small branch of the River It is a neat adorned with fair was once strengthened with a most strong and stately mounted on an ascent, and fortified with and but was demolished in the late Wars; 'tis governed by a and sendeth to and hath a very great for and divers Country on
seated in a Seigniory or Lordship so called, which taketh up a good track of ground, and hath its Steward, who is generally a Gentleman of good repute that inhabiteth therein: It is a large of good Antiquity, beautified with well-built and where there is a fair upon which King the Fourth erected a splendid Chappel in remembrance of those who lost their lives in battel; 'tis a place well known for its here made; and hath a great on and for and divers Country
seated on a branch of the a Stone-built and hath a on
scituate on the an ancient where formerly the had their and here King of the put to flight the It is at present a large and well-built governed by a and with other electeth is very well inhabited, especially by wealthy who drive a great for their and hath two considerable on and which are well unto for and divers good
seated on the River and under a high and craggy Cliff, called an ordinary Stone-built which hath a on for and
seated on the a small but hath a good on
of note for the here digged up in great plenty, which is bought up by the neighbouring for the making of It hath a small on and here is a large over the River
delightfully seated on the River and on a ragged rough Rock, where there is a It is a well-built electing and hath a good for and on
Nigh unto this place in a Moorish boggy ground, ariseth a Spring of Vitrioline taste and odour: And not far off is also a which is good for several diseases. Here is also a dropping petrefying which turns into
seated on the over which it hath a a very small on
seated on the High-road, and on the River over which there is a large and fair It is a small which electeth and hath a or rather a on for
Mr. saith, that near this in three little fields, he saw four huge rudely wrought, placed in a direct line, like unto so many which he believeth to be erected by the as a signal of some Victory obteined by them; although the Country people do call them the and foolishly conceit they were such as he used to shoot at ancient Cities to destroy them. And to confirm this their opinion, it seemeth a little Eastwards from this place, stood the ancient City many Ages ago laid flat to the ground, and the place where it stood is imployed for and And near unto it is raised (as out of its ruins) the or of or
seated between the River and a branch thereof, over which are two the one above, and the other below the It is a place of good Antiquity, and of much same for its but especially for its stately built by of which being destroyed (with the ) by the merciless was again repaired by the helping hand of Arch-bishop of who translated from hence to the Reliques of and upon the coming of the it began to be in a flourishing condition, and thrived well by its It is at present a large and well-built governed by a and hath the election of and is beautified with a very fine which pleaseth the eye of the beholder by its three lofty and in this was St. a place famous in our Fore-fathers days, being a narrow hole in the close vaulted Room under ground, in which place (as 'tis reported, but believe it who will) womens honesty was used to be tryed, for according to the story, those that were chast could easily pass through, but the kind-hearted souls were (by an unknown means) held fast, and could not creep through. The is well inhabited by and its which is on is very great for and chiesly for which is much bought up by the of
Not far from this is the losty of
seated near the River in a rough, stony, craggy, hilly, and unpleasant part of the Country called which of late is honoured by giving Title to the Right Honorable Earl of The (for the manner of their building amongst the ) is fair enough, and its which is on is very great.
seated on the River hath a pretty good on
Nigh unto this is where there are (according to ) certain small Springs, very near to each other, the middlemost of which doth almost every quarter of an hour ebb and flow, about a quarter of a yard when at the Highest, and at ebb falleth so low, that it is not an Inch deep with water. And this part of the County is exceeding
THE Island of in ancient time was divided into three parts. The first, fairest, and greatest, contained all within the the Rivers of and and was called which name in Welch it still reteineth, and in English, The second, took up all the Land Northwards from the to the and was called or and now and the third, lying between the the Rivers of and was anciently called and now to which the being outed of their Country, were forced to retire, and there fortified themselves.
This Country of is bounded on all sides by the Sea, except towards from which it is separated by the River and a line drawn to the River but anciently it extended to the River Eastwards, for King of the forced them to leave the plain beyond that River, (which now is called the of ) and to betake themselves to the which he caused to be separated from by a great called in Welch in many places yet to be seen; which beginneth at the inslux of the into the and reacheth unto which is about 84 where the disburthens it self into the And over this by a Law made by no was permitted to pass with a weapon upon pain of loosing his right hand.
The whole is generally and yet affordeth several good and is not without many fertile Valleys which bear good and breedeth aboundance of small with which they furnlsh as also with called both white and red, and the Country is well stored with of for and also hath of and some of
|and And these are generally brought to and other adjacent parts, and thence dispersed into all
About the year of Christ , King of did divide this Country into three or which were so many Kingdoms, to wit, or and this part he gave to his eldest Son; or which he gave to his second Son: And or which he gave to his third Son. And in each of these three Kingdoms he ordained a as at in the of for at or not far from for and at in for
being the portion of his eldest Son, he ordained that the other two parts should each of them pay him 200 by way of Tribute. It conteined all the ground which is now known unto us by the Counties of and which said parts being the most mountainous, and of the difficultest access, were the last that were subdued by the And this part was bounded on the North with the from the River at to upon the West, and South-west by the River which severed it from and some places from and on the South and East, it was divided from sometimes by high and sometimes by until it came again to the River And this part is generally very and full of craggy deep great and swift streamed
This Territory or Kingdom was then divided into four parts, of which the chiefest was called which in is the of and had in it three or which were subdivided into six as the had the of and the the of and and the the of and
The second Part of was called which now beareth the name of and had in it four and ten the Cantref had the Comots of and The Cantref had the Comots of and The Cantref had the Comots of and And the Cantref of which conteined the Comots of and
The third part of was called which now is known by the name of and conteined three and in every three Comots; the Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref had the Comots of and And the Cantref of had the Comots of and
The fourth and last part of was called which may be called in the middle Country, and conteined five and thirteen the Cantref had the Comots of and The Cantref had the Comots of and The Cantef, now called the Lordship of had the Comots of and The Cantref had the Comots of and And the Cantref which is now part of had the Comots of and
then called conteined all that track of ground
|which we call the Counties of with part of which being the richest and most fertile part of as also lying most open to Invasions both by Sea and Land, was soonest brought under the power of the Kings of yet was it not without several and places of defence.
It is bounded on the East with part of on the South with the Shires of and with the River on the West with the and on the North with
This Kingdom or Territory was then severed into six amongst which now is the chief, and conteined four or and ten the Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had the Comots of and And the Cantref of which had the Comots of and
The second was called which now beareth the name of and conteined eight in which were 23 The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref the Comots of and The Cantref the Comots of and The Catref those of and The Cantref the Comots of and The Cantref the Comots of and And the Cantref the Comots of and
The third part of was and had in it four and fifteen The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had those of Comot Mab Comot Mab & The Cantref which had those of and And the Cantref which had the Comots of and
The fourth part was called and now is known by the name of and had in it four and fifteen the Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had those of and The Cantref which had those of and And the Cantref which had the Comots of and
The fifth part was called now part of and had three and ten The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had the Comots of and now in And the Cantref now in and called the Forest of
The sixth and last part of was now and had three and eight the Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had those of and And the Cantref which had the Comots and
The Country called or is the least part of the three, conteining only the Land between the and the to wit, the County of and part of and It was separated on the South and West by the Rivers of
|and some from on the East by the of and on the North, with This Part was divided into between and and
conteined five and was severed into fifteen The Cantref which had the Comots of and which is (except which is in ) The Cantref which had the Comots of in and and now in The Cantref which had the Comots of in in English now in and now in The Cantref which had the Comots of in English and in and or which is in And the Cantref which had the Comots of and now all in in
The second of to wit, between the and the had four and thirteen The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had those of and The Cantref of those of and And the Cantref which had the Comots of and
The third and last of this to wit, had likewise five and twelve The Cantref which had the Comots of and The Cantref which had those of and The Cantref which had those of and The Cantref which had those of and And the Cantref had the Comots of and
Thus much concerning the ancient division of but at present according to an Act of Parliament made in the Reign of K. the Eighth, it is severed into two parts, to wit, and both which have as it were devoured all and in each of these Parts there are six Counties; in the North those of and and in the South those of and
Again, like unto is divided into four for the of and then the first shall contein the Counties of and The second those of and The third those of and And the fourth those of the of and
But let us proceed to the description of these Counties as they lye in each part, and first with those in
 Its bounds.
 Cambden, pag.
 692. the reason of the Towns name.
 Cambden, pag. 691.
 Strafford and Tickhill Wapentake.
 At Conisbrough a bloody battel fought.
 Mersh-land, Ditch-mersh.
 Barwick in Elmet.
 A bloody battel fought at Towton.
 Devils bolts.
 Ancient City of Is-vrium Brigantum.
 Rippon. St. Wilfrids Needle.
 Spring of water.
 The bounds of Wales.
 offa's Dike.
 Its Commodities.
 Its ancient division.
 North-Wales in ancient time.
 Its division and parts.
 Mon, now the Isle of Anglesey.
 Arvon, now Carnarvonshire.
 Gwyneth, now Merioneth-shire.
 Y Beruedh-wlad, or the middle Country.
 Its extent.
 Its division and parts. Caredigion, now Cardiganshire.
 Dyuet, or Pembrokeshire.
 Caermardhyn shire.
 Morganwc, or Glamorganshire.
 Gwent part of Monmouthshire
 Herefordshire. Forest of Dean in Glocestershire.
 Brecheinoc, now Brecknockshire.
 Its Extent.
 Now in several Counties.
 Pow is-land between the Wye and the Severn.
 The third part of Powisland.
 The present division of Wales.