Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
CHESHIRE: BEING Part of the , and ancient KINGDOM of the MERCIANS.
CHESHIRE: BEING Part of the , and ancient KINGDOM of the MERCIANS.
or the of for that the thereof had and apperteining unto them: and to whom the paid their allegiance, as to the
It is a of a fat, fruitful, and rich soil, both for Tillage and Pasturage; is plentifully provided with both tame and wild; and other as also with aboundance of from which the reap good profit by the sale of their and to most parts of and the rather by reason of the goodness thereof. And their are very large, which they plentifully supply with.
The that this affordeth, are chiefly (especially ) and in great plenty, which is their staple also in the of the are of and out of the and very fair for as also broad are dug up, as are excellent out of
It is blest with a sweet and heal thful yet is the and cooler then in the Eastern parts of this Kingdom, and more subject to storms of It hath a pleasant scituation, is every where sufficiently replenished with the habitations of and in a word, it aboundeth with all necessary for the use of man, as well those for pleasure as profit, insomuch that it merited the name of the which name King the First gave unto the of which he founded upon the River in the midst of this
It hath for its Eastern bounds the of and for its Southern, those of and with part of for its Northern, and for its Western, the other part of and the where it formeth a made so by the Rivers and called once all a whereas the further point thereof Westward, night unto the Shore, lyeth a small, sandy, and barren called which at low water may be passed over on the Sand; and here in former times was a little of
Its extent from in the East, where the River springeth, to the furthest part of the in the West, near is about 44 and from in the South, to in the North, about 25; which makes its circumference to be about 112
And although (in most places) it is flat and even, yet is it not without several noted (besides the Mountains which divide it from the of and ) as which is a mile from the bottom to its summet; or then the Hills of and
It is well clothed with having several and two to wit, that of near from whence the Right Honourable Sir Baron of takes his Title; and that of adjoyning to the Town of And it is so well stored with that almost every hath one peculiar to himself.
It is plentifully watered with the chief of which are the and the which may rather be tearmed arms of the then and these kindly send forth their several branches into the amongst which are these following, the And besides these there are great store of or as and Also several as those of and with several others, in all which are abundance of excellent
Here are several and the serving for the feeding their and and out of the in the summer season, they digg up for their and in these (especially in the black) are oft-times dug up of a great bigness, which lye hid six or seven foot deep in the Earth, supposed by the to have lyen here since the Deluge.
The ancient of this County were the of and after the departure of the this with other made the Kingdom of the And according to the they are said to differ from the rest of the
This hath been strengthened with eight viz. and And where were also the like number of as at and besides the and the and the at all which were suppressed, and converted to other uses by King the Eighth.
It is severed into seven (whose names are set down in the ) in which are numbred 86 besides 38 of Ease, and hath entercourse of Traffick with 13 whose names are as followeth.
or by reason of its Western a that hath been known by divers names; called it the Emperour, of the River on which it is seated; and the And besides these names, its and of here oft-times dug up, do sufficiently declare its antiquity: And if is to be believed, it was built before by the Gyant a man (as noteth) beyond the and called (by )
|the Subduer of the This City is pleasantly seated on the River or over which it hath a fair susteined by seven and at each end of the said is a the chief of which is (now beautifully repaired, and stronger then formerly) where great in times past at full did come; but the Channel is now so choaked up with Sand, that it will scarce give passage to small Boats, insomuch that all now come to a place called the about 6 distance. Its form is and taketh up about two in circuit, which is enclosed with a Wall of good strength; to which, according to the four it hath four for entrance; to wit, and which now is made use of by the as a for And besides these four principal there are three others of less note, called and on the are several and broad for the placing of pieces of And of these the is esteemed one of the stateliest in It hath also for its further defence a strong seated on the Southern part near the and on a an ancient and large structure, where they have their a goodly large place, somewhat resembling that of where all matters of concerning the are heard, and determined, having their particular viz. a a for the of the two of the a an and other Officers; and at the end of the said is the new for the And formerly in this they had their which in . for their more conveniency they quitted, as having built a stately one of Brick and Stone, near the middle of the which beareth the name of the as well as his Being past the and entred the inner there are goodly for the when they come to the and other as also others made use of by the This is large, numbring ten besides its or a large Structure, having a and thereto belonging, adjoyning to which is the This was formerly a founded by once an officiary in these parts, who dedicated it to but it was repaired, beautified, endowed, and replenished with by the first Earl of which said Earldom is invested in his Majesty, for want of a of this Earldom being annexed thereunto; and the Freemen of swear to be true to the King and Earl of This conteineth the Counties of and in whole, and in part those of and that part of called in which said are numbred 256 amongst which are 101 It is a beautified with divers fair both publick and private, and graced with large, and well ordered where are which are supplyed with fresh water from a at the called the 35 yards high, and 8 broad; and along the chief are (or as they call them) having on both sides through which a man may walk free from wet, though in the greatest shower. It is a place well frequented, and inhabited by and and the more as being the place where the and the are kept twice every year; as also for its being the usual place of taking shipping for with which it hath a great intercourse, and is a place of a very considerable|
It was made a by King the Seventh, and the Government
|committed to a two 24 a of four and six and once a year, at an appointed day, the (who lives in some Grandure) with the and several of the Companies, go about the in manner of a Processioning, and make a fine show. As to its they are large, and is the only place in the that sendeth to This in the dayes of King was in good esteem, where seven Kings of the and (in paying him homage) rowed his from to his himself as supream Lord holding the Besides what the afford (being seated in the midst of plenty) here are weekly two on and which are in great plenty provided with all necessaries.|
About the 24 of there is yearly a Ceremony observed amongst the of this worth the taking notice of, which was grounded upon this occasion, as followeth.
the third of that name, and sixth Earl of after the atchieved many enter prises against Prince of but being once forced to take the Castle of for his refuge, he sent to (alias ) Constable of to come to his aid: And calling his Friends together, desired them to make as many men as they could, and to go with him; at whose request, his Son in Law (being a lusty youth) assembled all the and in the with what others he could get, and went forth with the said against the who fled upon the sight of such a great body of people; and the Earl being delivered out of danger, granted unto his said divers and within the said and in other places; and withal granted to the said and his Heirs, the Rule and Ordering of all within the said which by his is to this day observed and enjoyed: And in memorial of that signal Exploit, that famous meeting of hath been duly observed at every at which time the Lord, or Heir of or his causeth a or of his to be hung out where he keepeth his Feast, and then a goeth about the to give notice to all that are, or will be concerned, to appear betwixt the hours of ten and eleven in the Forenoon. Then most of the of the being mounted, all the here, and in adjacent Counties, that will have liberty to play in this or go playing before them with also sounding, and the with a in his hand, (like unto a before the ) with the aforesaid borne before him by one of the principal and after him goeth a man with the like in imitation of a Some distance backwards cometh the Lord, or Heir of with most of the Gentry of the and in the midst of maketh after which they go to (the still playing before them) which when they have entred, the calls for all the who kneel down, and play several solemn which done Divine Service is read; after which the nobly entertaineth them, and in the Afternoon impannelleth a amongst them, giveth them their charge to enquire of any Treason against the King, Prince, or Earl of likewise whether any man of that Profession hath exercised his without from the Lord of that also what misdemeanours
|he is guilty of, or whether they have heard any Language amongst their Fellows, tending to the dishonour of their Lord and the Heir of And after the hath given up their are granted unto every one of them that are throught worthy, authorizing them to use their within the said and for one whole year: For without such a none are permitted to play within the limits aforesaid. The right of all which is now fallen to the Right Honourable Baron of in great Grandson to Daughter and sole Heir to of Esquire, Viscountess of who dyed the . aged 80 years; a Lady of great worth and honour.|
Not far from this of is the famous of in which, as noteth, the renowned built a small which time hath long since reduced to ruin; and the place is now called by the
Nigh unto this place is which though a small yet hath it a and enjoyeth several
scituate on the Banks of the River the greatest, and fairest built (next to ) in the having a large and good It is a place well inhabited and frequented, and the rather by reason of its or in the making of which is esteemed excellent, and here had in great plenty. For the making the said they carry the which is taken out of the or to the within which are placed deep in the earth great which are filled with the Salt-water, and at the ringing of the they begin to make fire under the in which they seith the said (every house having six of the said ) and as it seiths, the (which generally are women) with a wooden Rake, gather the Salt from the bottom, which they call a from which the water droppeth away, and the Salt remaineth. This is very remarkable for having within a few feet distance a fresh which affordeth excellent sweet water. The for this Town is kept on which is sufficiently provided with all and especially and
seated on a great eminencie, not far from the and on the edge of the where it bordereth on the Counties of and The is fair, conteining three which are paved and well ordered; hath an and a was once strengthened with a and its which is kept on is of good account.
About six miles from formerly stood by a Lake so called.
About five miles Northwards from this was the famous of strongly seated on a great with a turretted of a large circuit.
scituate near the River beautified with a fair and hath an inconsiderable Market.
Nigh unto Northwards is not far from the great called
or not far from the great River of and near unto which for height are said to exceed all others in the and hath thereon a It is a composed but of one long at the west end thereof is seated a and its which is on is but small.
Not far from is a pretty Town with a so called, on and round about a in which said there is a kept every forthight, for all matters done within its limits, between party and party; where there is a Prison for taken in the said Jurisdiction, but are presented to for their
seated near the River falling into the a proper good of chief note for its or and hath a good Market for and on
so called, as standing between and and seated on the River near its influx into the of chief note also for its and making of It is a large governed by and conteineth several and its chief place being called the which is in the midst of the where its is kept every which is well served with and other
or on the Banks of the a of no large extent; nor its which is on very considerable; but graced with a fair of Stone. And in the doth stand near together two square of Stone mounted on steps, with certain and thereon. This at present may be taken notice of for its strong sold at for 12 d. the which for strength and clearness doth equalize
seated on the and not above two from the edge of a large and noted governed (as noteth) by a and six yet hath it but a small Chappel of Ease, its Mother Church being about two distant, which is a fair building. Its make great store of Leather and and the which is on is well provided with
or scituate on the edge of the so called, upon a high Bank, and at the foot of the River in the Parish of It is a very large and fair graced with a goodly Church, which hath a very high adjoyning to which on the South side is a built by Bishop of The of this Town drive a great in making of and its which is on is well served with
of which there are two, and not far distant from each other; the higher and the lower; The higher hath the and the lower a of Ease, with an indifferent on
in the North part of the governed by a hath two yearly kept at and with every moneth for the Manour of and hath a good on
Not far from this on the confines of this County reguarding is seated which though at present a small and obscure in the dayes of King the elder, was a large Town, and of good repute.
scituate on the River over which it hath a which leadeth into hath a very considerable for and on
 Its fertility.
 Its Commodities.
 Its Air. Scituation.
 Bounds. Helbree Isle.
 Its chief hills
 Its Woods Forests.
 Its Rivers,
 Meres and Pools.
 Heaths and Mosses.
 Its Inhabitants.
 Its ancient Castles and Religious, Houses.
 Its Castle.
 Its Castle.
 Cathedral Church.
 How governed.
 Forest of Delamer.
 The making of Salt.
 Haulton. Haulton Court.