The Court of Exchequer.
The King hath a proper Court for all things which concern his Revenue, called the Exchequer.
The Judges or Barons.
The Judges, which are called Barons, consisteth of one Lord chief Baron, which at present is Sir Edward Turner Kt. and three other Barons of the Coif; viz. Sir Christopher Turner,
Sir Timothy Littleton, and Sir Hugh Windham Knights.
There is also one who sits with the Barons, which hath the Title of a Baron, but no voice in Court as to any business, save the taking of Accounts,
and administring of Oaths to Sheriffs, Auditors, Receivers, Searchers, Surveyors of the Custom-house, Bailiffs, &c. and such is Baron Spelman.
And besides the business concerning the Revenues of the King, touching
Accounts, Disbursments, Customs, and all Fines imposed upon any man, this
Court now medleth with Actions, or Law suits betwixt private persons. And
to this Court doth belong divers Offices and Officers.
The Escheetor, who is a special Officer, and hath a kind of Court for finding out of the Kings titles to lands.
The Remembrancer, called the Kings
Remembrancer, in whose Office are
eight sworn Clarks, or Attorneys, and two Secondaries. Remembrancers
Office. In this Office pass
all Accounts concerning the Kings Revenue for Customs, Excise, Hearth-money, Royal-aids, Subsidies, Assessments by Parliament, and all Accounts whatsoever relating thereunto, as well certain, as accidental. Also all Proteedings upon any Statute by Information, for Custom, Excise, or any other
Penal Law; all Securities, either on Bond, or Recognizance, to the
for any of his debts are here taken, and accordingly proceeded against, and
from hence issues forth Process to cause all Accomptants to come in, and audite their said Accounts.
Remembrancer of the first Fruits and Tentbs.
The Remembrancer of the
first Fruits and Tenths, whose office is to take all Compositions for first Fruits and Tenths, and to issue forth Process against
such as pay not the same.
Lord Treasurers Remembrancer.
The Lord Treasurers Remembrancer hath
several Clarks or Attorneys under him, whose office is to make out Warrants against all Sheriffs, Receivers,Bailiffs, &c. for their Accounts; also Estreats, Rules, Charters, LettersPatents, on which any Rent is reserved to the King: an office at present not of such concernment as formerly, before the Tenures were taken away.
Clark of the Pipe.
The Clark of the Pipe who hath all the
Accounts, and Debts due to the
King, drawn down out of the Remembrancers Office; and in this Office are
eight sworn Attorneys.
Comptroler of the Pipe.
The Comptroler of the Pipe to whom
belongeth several Clarks, whose
office is twice every year to write out Summons to the High Sheriff to levy
the Farms and Debts of the Pipe: and in this office is kept a Roll of the
Pipe-office Accounts, for the finding out of foul practice, or other dishonesty; if any such shall be.
Clark of the Pleas.
The Clark of the Pleas where are several
Attorneys; and here all the
Officers of the Exchequer, and other priviledged persons, as Debtors to his
Majesty, &c. are to have their priviledge to plead, and be impleaded as to
all matters at the common Law, according to the custom of the common Law.
Clark of the Estreats.
The Clark of the Estreats, is an office
to receive every Tearm the Estreats, or Extracts out of the office of the Lord Treasurers Remembrancer, to write them our to be levied for the King, and to make Scheaules for such sums as are to be discharged.
The Forrain opposer, is an office to which all the
Sheriffs repair to be by
him opposed of their Green-wax, and from thence is drawn down a charge
upon the Sheriff to the Clark of the Pipe.
Auditors of the Imprest.
The Auditors of the Imprest, are those that
Audit the great accounts of his
Majesties customs, Naval and Military expences, Mint, first Fruits, and
Tenths, Wardrobe, Moneys Imprested, &c.
Auditors of the Revenue.
The Auditors of the Revenue, are such
as audit all the accounts of the
Kings other Revenue.
The Deputy Chamberlains, whose office is to
look after all the counterfoyls
of the Tallies.
Clark of the Parcells.
The Clark of the Parcells.
Clark of the Nichels.
The Clark of the Nichels.
The chief cryer, under whom are several Deputies.
The Usher and Porter of the Court.
Keeper of the Records.
The Keeper of the Records.
The Pleaders are those belonging to the other Courts.
There is another Court of Exchequer, called the lower Exchequer, wherein the Kings Revenue is received and disbursed.
Treasury office at Whitehall
The principal Officer of this
Court is usually the Lord Treasurer; but
since the death of the Earl of southampton, it is managed by the prudent
care of Commissioners, viz. of the Right Honourable Anthony Earl Shaftsbury, Thomas Lord Clifford, and Sir John Duncomb Kt. persons of so great
prudence and integrity, that they are every way fit for so great an imployment. This Office is kept in Whitehall, and where the Lords constantly meet twice a week or oftner, as occasions require, for the dispatch of his Majesties affairs, and the answering of Petitions according to
the merits thereof; and as an assistant to their Lordships is Sir Robert Howard Kt. who hath several Clarks under him.
Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Then the Chancellor of the Exchequer, which is an office of great Authority and concern, as well in the management of the Kings Revenue,
as in the Exchequer Court, having the Custody of the Exchequer seal, and often sits amongst the Barons; and this office is in the person of the Right
Honourable the Earl of Shaftsbury.
Chamberlains of the Exchequer.
The two Chamberlains of the Exchequer., in whose custody are all antient Records, Leagues, and Treaties, with Foreign Princes; the Standards
of Coyns, Weights, and Measures; and here are kept those Books of note, called Dooms-day-book, and the Book of the Exchequer which are so highly
Auditor of the Receipts.
The Auditor of the Receipts, whose office
is to file the Bills of the Tellers,
he also maketh Debentures for such persons that have Pensions, Annuities
or the like, and directs them to the Tellers for payment thereof; his
office is also weekly to receive the state of each Tellers-accounts, and to certifie the same accordingly to the Lords of the Treasury; and by him are
kept the several Registers appointed for paying all persons in course upon
the several branches of the Kings Revenue, &c.
There are four Tellers, whose office is to receive all
moneys due to the King,
and accordingly pay the same as directed.
Clark of the Pells.
The Clark of the Pells, whose office is to enter every Tellers-bill into a skin of Parchment, and all Receipts, and Payments for the King, which office is in the nature of a Comptroller.
In the Tally-Court sit the Deputies of the two
Chamberlains, whose office
is to cleave the Tallies, and to examine each piece apart.
The other Officers are the Ushers, a Tally-cutter, and four
The High Court of Parliament.
The Parliaments power and authority.
This Court consisteth of the King, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and the Commons as aforesaid; and represents the body of all England, and hath Soveraign and sacred Authority in repealing, expounding, making, and confirming of Laws; and in brief, in all causes which may concern either the safety and welfare of the Nation, or any private person of what ranck or quality soever. And this Court is not held perpetually, or at set times and seasons, but summoned by the King by his Writ, or
otherwise at his pleasure, and as oft as occasion requireth for the good
and welfare of the Nation.
As to the Ceremonies, Rules, Orders and method of proceedings in affairs, &c. of both Houses, See Dr. Chamberlains present state of England, second part, pag. 51.
This Court of Parliament consisteth of the upper and lower House, to wit, the Lords and Commons: and their places of meeting (which are not far distant) are at Westminster, near the other Courts of Judicature. In the upper, or House of Lords, his Majesty hath his chair of State to sit in, as oft as he cometh amongst them; and these Nobles take their places according to their Dignities by offices, or precedencies by honour; And as assistant to the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, upon other Forms or Woolsacks sit the Judges, the Privy Councellors, the Secretaries of State, the Kings Council, and the Masters of Chancery. In the Lower, or House of
Commons, which may be called the Grand Inquest of the Nation, sit the Knights and Burgesses. The two Knights of each Shire, being elected
by the Free-holders of the said County, the major voice carrying; and the Burgesses, by those of concern in the said Borough, City, or Town corporate, or by the major voice; so that this House is said to represent the whole body of the Nation, and doth consist of above 500 persons, viz.
for the forty English Shires eighty Knights; for the twelve Welch Counties twelve Knights; for the twenty five Cities (London having four) fifty two Citizens; for the eight Cinque-ports. sixteen Barons; for the two Universities, four Burgesses; for the one hundred sixty eight Borough-towns, three hundred and thirty, some few of the Towns electing but one Burgess; and for the twelve Welch Counties, each having a Borough-town, twelve more
Burgesses. And what these Cities, Cinque-port-towns are, as also who are the present Knights and Burgesses for the same, this following Catalogue
will inform you.
A list of all the Knights, Citizens, Burgesses, and Barons of the Cinqueports, that serve in Parliment, according to the Roll taken at their last Sessions in Anno 1671.
Sir Rich. Powle Kt. of the Bath.
Rich. Nevil Esq.
Sir Rich. Braham Kt.
Sir Tho. Higgons Kt.
Sir Tho. Dolman Kt.
Rich. Aldworth Esq.
Sir Jo. Bennet Kt. of the Bath.
Robert Packer Esq.
Sir George Stonehouse Baronet.
Sir Humph. Winch Baronet.
Sir Jo. Napier Baronet.
Sir Will. Beecher Kt.
Paulet St. John Esq.
Sir Will. Bowyer Kt. and Bar.
Sir W. Terringham Kt. of the Bath
Sir Edw. Pye Kt. and Baronet.
Sir Jo: Burlace Baronet.
Sir R. Ingoldsby Kt. of the Bath.
Sir Thomas Lee Baronet.
Sir Will. Drake Baronet.
Sir Thomas Proby Baronet.
Rich. Hampden Esq.
Robert Crooke Esq.
Peregrin Hobby Esq.
Charles Cheney Esq.
Sir Tho. Chichely Kt.
Sir Tho. Wendy Kt. of the Bath.
University of Cambr.
Sir Ch. Wheeler Kt. and Bar.
Tho. Crouch Master of Arts.
Right H. William Alinton
Roger Pepis Esq.
Tho. Cholmondley Esq.
Fowlk Lucy Esq.
Sir Tho. Smith Baronet.
Jo. Ratcliff Esq.
Sir Jonathan Trelawny Bar.
Sir Jo. Coryton Baronet.
Sir R. Edgcombe Kt. of the B.
Sir Charles Herbert Kt.
Jo. Harris Esq.
Bernard Grenvile Esq.
Charles Smith Esq.
Silus Titus Esq.
Edw. Boscowen Esq.
Jo. Arundel Esq.
Sir Jo. Carew Baronet.
Hender Roberts Esq.
Sir William Godolphin Baronet.
Sidney Godolphin Esq.
Fran. Buller Esq.
Jo. Buller Esq.
Tho. Coventrey Esq.
Will. Godolphin Esq.
Port Higham, aliàs Westlow
Sir Henry Vernon Baronet.
Jo. Trelawney Esq.
Charles Trevanion Esq.
John Tanner Esq.
Sir Rob. Atkins Kt. of the Bath.
Henry Seymour Esq.
William Pendarvis Esq.
Jo. Birch Esq.
Hugh Boseowen Esq.
Thomas Herle Esq.
Robert Roberts Esq.
Rich. rowse Esq.
James Prade Esq.
Edw. Nosworthy Esq.
Jonathan Raishley Esq.
Jo. Raishley Gent.
Jo. Elliot Esq.
Edw. Ellyot Esq.
Right H. Francis Lord Hawley
Mathew Wren Esq.
Jo. Speccot Esq.
Nicholas Morice Esq.
Arthur Sprye Esq.
Sir Joseph Tredinham Kt.
Sir Cyril Wich Kt.
Samuel Roll Esq.
Sir George Fletcher Baronet.
Sir Jo. Lowther Baronet.
Sir Philip Howard Kt.
Charles Musgrave Esq.
Sir wilfrid Lawson Kt.
Jo. Slark Esq.
Right H. William L.
Will. Sacheverell Esq.
Anchitell Grey Esq.
Jo. Dalton Esq.
Sir John Rolle Kt. of the Bath.
Sir Copleston Bamfield Kt.
Sir James Smith Kt.
Robert Walker Esq.
Sir T. Clifford, now L.
Sir Edw. Seymour Baronet.
Sir Will Morice Kt.
Sir Gilbert Talbot Kt.
Sir Edward Wise Kt. of the B.
Jo. Harris Esq.
Sir Jo. Northcott Baronet.
Nich. Dennis Esq.
Sir Nic. Slaining Kt. of the B.
Sir Will. Strode Kt.
Sir Courtney Poole Baronet.
Peter Prideaux Esq.
George Howard Esq.
Will. Russel Esq.
Sir George Sands Kt. of the B.
Jo. Fowel Esq.
Clifton, Dartmouth Hardness
Will. Harbord Esq.
Will. Gould Esq.
Sir John Maynard Esq.
Joseph Maynard Esq.
Sir Thomas Carew Baronet.
Henry Ford Esq.
Giles Strangways Esq.
Sir Jo. Strode Kt.
Sir John Morton Baronet.
Thomas Trenchard Esq.
James Gold Esq.
Jo. Churchill Esq.
Sir Jo. Shaw Kt. & Bar.
Henry Henley Esq.
Sir Winston Churchill Kt.
Sir Jo. Coventrey Kt. of the B.
Bullen Reymes Esq.
Anthoney Ashley Esq.
Humphrey Bishop Esq.
John Strangways Esq.
Henry Whitacre Esq.
Jo. Bennet Esq.
George Pitt Esq.
Robert Culliford Esq.
Sir Ralph Banks Kt.
Jo. Tregonwell Esq.
Sir Jo. Bramston Kt. of the B.
Banister Mainard Esq.
Sir Harbotle Grimston Baronet
Sir John Shaw Kt.
Sir Jo. Terrill Kt.
Sir Richard Wiseman Kt.
Sir Capell Luckin Baronet.
Thomas King Esq.
Sir Bainham Throckmorton Bar.
Jo. Grubham-How Esq.
Sir Edward Massey Kt.
Evan Seys Sergent at Law.
Henry Fowle Esq.
John George Esq.
Sir Henry Capel Kt. of the B.
Richard Dowdeswell Esq.
Sir Jo. Kirle Baronet.
Thomas Price Esq.
Roger Vaughan Esq.
Herbert Westfailing Esq.
Reynold Graham Esq.
Humfrey Cornwall Esq.
Sir Thomas Tomkins Kt.
Jo. Barneby Esq.
Sir Rich. Francklyn Kt. & Bar.
Henry Williams Esq.
Samuel Grimston Esq.
Thomas Arris Dr. in Physick.
Sir Edw. Turner Kt. Speaker.
Thomas Lord Fanshaw.
Right Honourable Robert Viscount Mandevile, now Earl.
Henry Williams Esq.
Sir Jo. Cotton Baronet.
Lionel Walden Esq.
Sir Thomas Peyton Baronet.
Sir Jo. Tufton Kt. and Baronet.
Sir Edward Masters Kt.
Tho. Hardress Sergeant at Law.
Sir Francis Clerke Kt.
Rich. Head Esq.
Sir Robert Barnham Baronet.
Thomas Harlakenden Esq.
Sir Edward Hales Baronet.
James Herbert Esq.
Sir Roger Bradshaw Kt.
Thomas Preston Esq.
Richard Kirkby Esq.
Richard Harrison Esq;
Preston in Amounderness.
Edward Rigby Esq.
John Otway Esq.
Right H. Richard L.
Richard Leigh Esq.
Right H.Charles E. of
Sir Jeofry Shakerly Kt.
Sir John Heath Kt.
Ambrose Pudsey Esq.
Sir William Bucknal Kt.
Sir Gilbert Ireland Kt.
Right Hon. John Lord
George Faunt Esq.
Sir John Prettiman Kt. & Bar.
Sir William Hartop Kt.
R. H. George Viscount
Sir Robert Carr Kt. and Bar.
Sir Philip Harcourt Kt.
Sir Anthony Irby Kt.
Sir Jo. Mounson Kt. of the Bath.
Sir Thomas Meres Kt.
Jervas Holles Esq.
Sir Fretzvile Holles Kt. dead.
William Montague Esq.
Peregrine Bertue Esq.
Sir John Newton Baronet.
Sir Will. Thorold Kt. and Bar.
Sir Lancelot Lake Kt.
Sir Thomas Allen Kt.
Sir Philip Warwick Kt.
Sir Richard Everard Kt.
Sir Jo. Frederick Kt.
Sir William Thompson Kt.
William Love Esq.
John Jones Esq.
Sir Trevor Williams Baronet.
William Morgan Esq.
Sir George Probert Kt.
Rt. H. Thomas L.
Sir Ralph Hare Baronet.
Christopher Jaye Esq.
Francis Corey Esq.
Robert Wright Esq.
John Coke Esq.
Sir Will. Doyley Kt. and Bar.
Sir William Coventry Kt.
Sir Allen Apsley Kt.
Sir Joseph Williamson Kt.
Sir Rob. Paston Kt. and Bar.
Robert Steward Esq.
Sir Justinian Isham Baronet.
George Clerk Esq.
Rt.H. William L.
Humphrey Orme Esq.
Right H. Henry Lord
Sir William Farmer Baronet.
Sir Thomas Crew Kt.
Robert Spencer Esq.
Sir Lewis Palmer Baronet.
Right H. Henry Earl of
Sir William Fenwick Baronet.
Sir Francis Anderson Kt.
Sir John Marley Kt.
R.t.H. Edward Lord
Sir George Downing Kt.
Edward Grey Esq.
Dan. Collingwood Esq.
Sir Francis Leeke Kt. and Bar.
Anthony Eyre Esq.
Arthur Stanhope Esq.
Robert Pierrepont Esq.
Sir Will. Hickman Baronet.
Sir Edward Dering Baronet.
Sir Anthony Cope Kt. and Bar.
Sir Fran. Wainman Kt. and Bar.
University of Oxford
Sir Heneage Finch Kt. and Bar.
Laurence Hide Esq.
City of Oxford
Richard Crooke Esq.
Brome Whorwood Esq.
Sir Thomas Spencer Baronet.
Sir William Fleetwood Kt.
Sir Jo. Holman Kt.
Edward Noel Esq.
Philip Sherrard Esq.
Sir Francis Lawley Baronet.
Richard Newport Esq.
Robert Leighton Esq.
Thomas Jones Sergeant at Law
Sir William Whitmore Baronet
Sir Tho. Whitmore Kt. of the B.
Somerset Fox Esq.
Sir Job Carlton Kt.
Sir Thomas Littleton Kt.
George Weld Esq.
Edmond Waring Esq.
William Oakely Esq.
Sir Jo. Sydenham Baronet.
Edward Phillips Esq.
Sir Jo. Knight Kt.
Sir Humphrey Hooke Kt.
Sir Fran. Popham Kt. of the B.
Sir William Basset Kt.
Right H. Richard Lord
Rt. H. Maurice L. Fitzharding
Sir William Portman Baronet.
Sir William Windham Kt.
Sir Edward Windham Kt.
Peregrine Palmer Esq.
Sir Hugh Windham Kt.
Sir Jo. Mallet Kt.
Sir Edward Phillips Kt.
Mr. Henry Dunster Merchant.
Francis Windham Esq.
Michael Malet Esq.
SOUTHAMPTON, or HANTSHIRE.
Right Honourable Charles L.
Sir Jo. Norton Baronet.
Sir Robert Holmes Kt.
Lawrence Hide Esq.
Sir Richard Ford Kt.
William Legg Esq.
Sir George Carteret Kt. & Bar.
Richard Norton Esq.
Edward Smith Esq.
Richard Lucye Esq.
Thomas Neale Esq.
Arthur Bold Esq.
Newport, aliàs Medena
Sir Robert Dillington Baronet.
William Glascock Esq.
Sir Robert Howard Kt.
Robert Phillips Esq.
Sir Jo. Barrington Kt. and Bar.
Sir Robert Worsley Kt. and Bar.
Humphrey Weld Esq.
Henry Tulse Esq.
Henry Wallop Esq.
Giles Hungerford Esq.
Sir William Lewis Baronet.
Sir Nicholas Steward Baronet.
Sir Jo. Trott Baronet.
Jo. Collins Esq.
Sir Edward Littleton Baronet.
Ralph Egerton Esq.
Sir Theophilus Biddulph Kt.
Richard Dyott Esq.
William Chetwin Esq.
Robert Milward Esq.
Newcastle under Line
Sir Cesar Colclough Baronet.
Edward Manwaring Esq.
Right H. Charles Lo.
Jo. Swinfin Esq.
Sir Henry Felton Baronet.
Sir Henry North Baronet.
Jo. Bloise senior Esq.
John Wright Gent.
Sir Jo. Rouse Baronet.
Sir Jo. Pettus Baronet.
Sir Allen Broderick Kt.
Walter Devereux Esq.
Sir John Holland Baronet.
Jo. Bence Esq.
Sir Robert Cordell Baronet.
Thomas Walgrave Esq.
Sir George Reeve Kt. and Bar.
Charles Cornwallis Esq.
Sir Jo. Duncombe Kt.
Sir Edmond Pooley Kt.
Sir Adam Browne Baronet.
Sir Edmond Boyer Kt.
Sir Thomas Bludworth Kt.
Sir Thomas Clargis Kt.
Sir Edward Bish Kt.
Sir William Hayward Kt.
Sir Edward Thurland Kt.
Roger James Esq.
Arthur Onslow Esq.
Thomas Delmahoy Esq.
Sir Michael Carew Kt.
Thomas Turgis Esq.
George Evelyn Esq.
Thomas Morrice Esq.
Sir John Pelham Baronet.
Sir William Morley Kt.
Sir Henry Peckham Kt.
William Garraway Esq.
Sir Jo. Covert Kt. and Bar.
Orlando Bridgman Esq;
Baptist May Esq.
Jo. Steward Esq.
Sir John Staple Kt. and Bar.
Sir Thomas Woodcock Kt.
Edward Blaker Esq.
John Fagg Esq.
Sir Cicill Bishop Kt.
Percy Goring Esq.
Sir Jo. Fagg Baronet.
Henry Goring Esq.
Charles Lord Buckhurst.
Sir George Courthop Kt.
Sir Robert Holt Baronet.
Sir Henry Puckering, aliàs
Sir Clement Fisher Baronet.
Rich. Hopkins Esq.
Sir Francis Compton Kt.
Fowlk Grevile Esq.
Sir Philip Musgrave Baronet.
Sir Thomas Strickland Kt.
Jo. Dalston Esq.
Thomas Tufton Esq.
Right Honourable Henry L.
Thomas Thinn Esq.
Sir Stephen Fox Kt.
Sir Jo. Berkenhead Kt.
Sir Thomas Mompesson Kt.
Sir Joseph Ash Baronet.
Gilbert Raleigh Esq.
Sir George Grubham-How Bar.
Edward Seymour Esq.
Rich. Lewis Esq.
Thomas Wancklen Esq.
Jo. Jolliff Esq.
Will. Ash Esq.
Will. Ducket Esq.
George Lowe Esq.
Edward Lewis Esq.
George Johnson Esq.
Sir Ed. Hungerford Kt. of the B.
Henry Baynton Esq.
Sir Edw. Poole Kt.
Philip Howard Esq.
Sir George Hungerford Kt.
Sir Jo. Ernely Kt.
Sir Jo. Trevor Kt.
Henry Clerke Esq.
Will. Ashburnham Esq.
Thomas Grey Esq.
Sir Eliab Harvey Kt.
Edward Nicholas Esq.
Sir Walter St. John Baronet.
Jo. Pleydall Esq.
Right H. John Lord Seymour,
now Duke of Somerset.
Sir John Packington Baronet.
Sam. Sandys senior, Esq.
Sir rowland Barkley Kt.
Thomas Street Esq.
Henry Coventrey Esq.
Samuel Sandys junior, Esq.
Sir James Rushout Baronet.
Sir John Hanmer Kt.
Sir Thomas Slingsby Baronet.
Sir Henry Herbert Kt.
Conyers D' Arcy Esq.
Sir Thomas Slingsby Kt.
Sir Thomas Osborne Baronet.
Sir Medcalf Robinson Bar.
Anthony Golby Esq.
Andrew Marvell Gent.
Sir Jo. Talbot Kt.
Will. Stockdale Esq.
Sir Philip Mounckton Kt.
Will. Thompson Esq.
Sir Jo. Nicholas Kt. of the Bath.
Thomas Burwell Dr. in Laws.
Marmaduke Darcy Esq.
Sir Will. Killegrew Kt.
Sir Hugh Bethell Kt.
Henry Guy Esq.
Sir Rich. Maleverer Kt. & Bar.
Sir Robert Long Baronet.
Sir Thomas Gower Kt. and Bar.
William Palmes Esq.
Sir Thomas Ingram Kt.
Walter Strickland Esq.
Sir Solomon Swale Baronet.
Sir Francis Goodrick Kt.
Sir Jo. Hotham Baronet.
Michael Warton Esq.
Sir Gilbert Gerrard Kt. & Bar.
Robert Talbot Esq.
Sir Jo. Dawney Kt.
Sir Will. Lowther Kt.
Barons of the Cinque-ports.
Sir Denny Ashburnham Bar.
Edw. Walter Esq.
Francis Finch Esq.
Robert Austin Gent.
Sir John Robinson Kt. and Bar.
Sir Jo. Austin Bar.
Sir Norton Knatchbull Bar.
Sir Charles Sidley Buronet.
Sir Henry Wood Kt. and Bar.
Jo. Harvey Esq.
Right Honourable Edward
George Montague Esq.
James Thurbarne Esq.
Jo. Strode Esq.
Sir William Thomas Kt. & Bar.
Francis Gratwicke Esq.
Nicholas Bagnall Esq.
Jo. Robinson Esq.
Edward Progers Esq.
Sir Herbert Price Baronet.
Edward Vaughan Esq.
Sir Charles Cotterel Kt.
Sir Henry Vaughan Kt.
Right H. John Lo. Vaughan.
Sir Richard Winn Baronet.
William Griffith Esq.
Jo. Winn Esq.
Sir Jo. Salisbury Baronet.
Sir Thomas Hanmer Baronet.
Roger Whitley Esq.
Sir Edward Mansell Baronet.
Robert Thomas Esq.
Henry Winn Esq.
Arthur Owen Esq.
Sir Frederick Hide Kt.
rowland Layhorne Esq.
Andrew Newport Esq.
Henry Herbert Esq.
Sir Richard Lloyd Kt.
Sir Edw. Hartley Kt. of the B.
Note that at the taking of this Roll, some
few of the Knights and Burgesses being
lately deceased, others were not elected
in their places. And since which, in so
great a number, there cannot but be several others dead; with some Removes.
The Regal Government,
This Kingdom is an Hereditary Paternal Monarchy, governed by one
supream Head, which according to the Laws of the Nation, is independent, and undeposable; so that upon the death of the present King, the
next Heir apparent to the Crown, either male or female, doth succeed, and
enjoyeth the Regal Dignity.
It is a Monarchy so free and happy, that as industry is cherished, liberty and happiness enjoyed; so the King is no wayes eclipsed of those royal Prerogatives due to so great a Monarch as would not have his Subjects
The Kings Person Sacred.
The person of the King is so sacred, that it is high Treason to conspire, or
imagine his death: nay, to kill any of his chief Officers, as the Judges executing their office, is deemed also high Treason; the counterfeiting the
Kings Coyn, or Seal, is held the like offence. And for the better security
of his sacred person from sudden death, he hath his Cup-bearers, Carvers,
and other sworn Officers to be his tasters: likewise his Guards both horse
and foot to watch, and attend his royal person both by night and day: and
in case of sickness, no physick ought to be administred unto him without mature advice: and further, every Subject by Allegiance is bound to defend
and protect his royal person, both with body and estate.
Coronation of the Kings.
At the Coronation of the King, he is anoynted with Oyl, and invested with
a priestly Garment, so that he is capable of spiritual Jurisdiction; and is an
extemal Bishop of the Church, and supream Pastor of England, having not
only the right of Ecclesiastick Government, but also hath the Tenths, and
first fruits of all spiritual livings.
The Kings Power great
The King by his royal prenogative, and without Act of Parliament,
hath power, (as occasion requireth) to make War, or Peace, contract
Leagues, send (and entertain) Embassadors; likewife for pressing of men
for Sea, or Land service; to grant Commissions, to dispose of ships of war,
Ammunitions, Castles, Fortresses, Magazins, Ports, Havens, &c. by defacement or otherwise; To coyn money, and to make it of what metal, stamp,
purity, and bigness he pleaseth; He may by his Letters Patents erect new
Bishopricks, Universities, Colledges, Hospitals, Free-schools; Grant Charters
to Cities or Towns, and endow them with immunities; He may erect new
Courts of Judicature where he pleaseth; make Forests, Chases, &c. May
grant Letters of Mart; may call, prorogue, adjourn, and dissolve Parliaments
at his royal pleasure: And as the fountain of honour, he doth create Nobility, and make Gentry. He hath the choice and election of Commanders,
of Officers both for Sea and Land; also of Magistrates, Bishops, and other
Officers of Church or State; and to conclude, he hath power to pardon
all transgressions, or criminal offences, as well upon penal Statutes, as otherwise, though the party so offending were condemned to dye.
For the easing of his Majesty of those weighty concerns of
he hath his Privy Councel, which are persons of known worth, honour,
wisdom, and integrity; who commonly twice every week, to wit, Wednesdayes and Fridays, do assemble for the consulting, and management of the
affairs of State, where his Majesty is generally present, and is consenting
to all their transactions: For by their Oaths they are to their powers and
abilities, truly and justly to advise and counsel the King in all the national affairs, and to keep secret his Majesties Councel.
A LIST of the names of the present Lords of his Majecties most Honourable Privy
names of the Privy Councel.
His Royal Highness James Duke of York, &c.
His Highness Prince Rupert, &c.
His Grace Gilbert Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, &c.
Sir Orlando Bridgman Knight and Baronet, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England,
John L. Robert, Lord Privy Seal, &c.
George Duke of Buckingham, &c.
James Duke of Monmouth, &c.
John Duke of Lotherdale, Secretary of State in Scotland, &c.
James Duke of Ormond, Lord high Steward of his Majesties Household, &c.
Henry Marquess of Worcester, &c.
Henry Marquess of Dorchester, &c.
Henry Earl of Ogle, &c.
Thomas Earl of Offery, &c.
Robert Earl of Lindsey, Lord Great Chamberlain of England, &c.
Henry Earl of St. Albons, L. Chamberlain of his Majesties Household, &c.
Aubrey Earl of Oxford, &c.
John Earl of Bridgwater, &c.
Robert Earl of Leicester, &c.
Arthur Earl of Anglesey, &c.
John Earl of Bath, Groom of his Majesties Stool, &c.
Charles Earl of Carlisle, &c.
William Earl of Craven, &c.
Henry Earl of Arlington, one of his Majesties Principal Secretaries of State,
Anthony Earl of Shaftsbury, Chancellor of the Exchequer, under Treasurer of England, and one of the Lords Commissioners of his Majesties Treasury, &c.
John Earl of Rothes, &c.
John Earl of Twedale, &c.
John Earl of Middleton, Governour of Tangier, &c.
Richard Earl of Carbery, &c.
Roger Earl of Orrery, &c.
Thomas Viscount Faulconberg, &c.
George Viscount Halifax, &c.
Humphrey Lord Bishop of London, &c.
Francis Lord Newport, &c.
John Lord Berkley, &c.
Denzel Lord Holles, &c.
Thomas Lord Clifford, Treasurer of his Majesties Houshold, and one of the Lords Commissioners of his Majesties Treasury, &c.
Sir George Carteret, Vice-Chamberlain to his Majesty, &c.
Mr. Henry 2 Coventrey, one of his Majesties Secretaries of State, &c.
Sir John Duncombe Kt. one of the Lords Commissioners of his Majesties Treasury, &c.
Sir Thomas Ingram Kt. Chancellor of the Dutchy, &c.
Ralph Montague Esq; Master of the Horse to the Queen, &c.
Sir William Maurice Kt. late one of his Majesties Secretaries of State, &c.
Sir Thomas Chicheley Kt. Master of his Majesties Ordnance, &c.
Sir Thomas Osborne Baronet, Treasurer of his Majesties Navy, &c.
Sir Robert Long Baronet, Auditor of the Receipt of his. Majesties Exchequer, &c.
The Clarks of the Councel, are Sir Richard Brown, Sir Edward
Walker Garter King at Arms, Sir John Nicholas, and Sir Robert Southwell.
Priviledge of the Kings Servants.
The Servants of his Majesty in ordinary,
are not only priviledged from
servile offices in the Parish where they dwell, but are also protected from
Arrests and Imprisonments; by which means they are freed from the malice
of contentious spirited men, and the slavery, and oppression of the blood
sucking horse-Leach, the Bailiff: yet from the payment of their just debts
they are not freed, although not permitted to be arrested, or impleaded, without leave first obteined upon the Petition of the Complainant, and hearing both parties, and a failure made after time hath been given for the payment thereof, if justly due.
Wayfs, Strayes, Wrecks at Sea, &c. in the Kings power.
Strayes, Wrecks at Sea, all Gold and Silver Mines, in whose
ground soever; and all Gold, Silver, or Plate, which is found without an owner, or to be transported to foreign Countries, is forfeited to the King.
His Majesty hath power to dispense with Acts of
Parliament, penal Statutes, and to grant Patents with non obstante's.
Dominions of the King.
The Dominions of the King of England at
this present are very great,
and large; for besides that of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, there are divers Isles scituate nigh and about them, and belonging to
one, and the other; as the Isles of Orkney, or Orcades, in number 32, being seated against the northern Cape of Scotland. Isles dispersed about
England. The Isles of Shetland, also
under the Scottish Dominions. The Hebrides, in number 44, seated westwards of Scotland. The Sorlings, lying in the western Cape of Cornwall.
The Sporades, being several Isles dispersed about the British Seas; amongst
which these following are the chief: Man, seated betwixt England, Scotland, and Ireland. Jersey and Garnsey on the French Coast; Wight adjoyning to Hantshire; Portland, part of Dorsetshire; Stepeholms and Flathom
in Somersetshire; Aibbre in Cheshire; Denny in Monmouthshire; Cadley in Pembrookshire; Anglesey, which is one of the welch Counties; Sheppey in
Kent; Northey, Osey, and Horsey in Essex; Ferne, Cocket, and Holy Isle in
Northumberland; with several other small ones, not very considerable, as
indeed many of these are. Then in Africa, as Tangier, Guiney, &c. In the
East-Indies several places, though belonging to the East-India Company
of London. And in America large Dominions, as Virginia, Mary-land, New
York, New England, New-found-land, Caroline, all which are on the Continent: as also several Isles, some of which are of considerable note, as Jamaica, Barbadoes, Bermudos, Nieves, Antego, &c.
The Kings Office.
The office of the King is to preserve the rights,
liberties, and priviledges
of his Subjects, and to protect and govern them according to the Laws.
The Revenue belonging for the support and dignity of the
Crown is very large; and his strength and power, as well at Sea as at Land, is very
great, being able to bid defyance to the most powerful or daring'st Foe in
The Atchievement of his Majesty.
The Atchievement which the King of
England now beareth as his soveraign Ensigns Armorial, are these Coats quarterly quartered as followeth; viz.
in the first, Jupiter, three Flower de luce sol, for the regal Arms of France;
quartered with the Imperial Ensigns of England; viz. Mars, three Lyons
passant guar dant in pale sol. Secondly sol, within a double Treasure counterflowred, a Lyon rampant Mars, for the royal Arms of Scotland. Thirdly,
Jupiter, an Irish Harp Sol, stringed Luna, for the Ensign of the Kingdom of
Ireland. The fourth and last quarter, in all points as the first; all within
a Garter, wherein is this Motto: HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE,
being the chief ensign of that most honourable Order of the Garter, first instituted by the famous King Edward the third; above the same an Helmet,
every way answering his Majesties soveraign jurisdiction; upon the same a
rich Mantle of cloth of Gold, doubled Ermine; adorned with an Imperial
Crown, and surmounted by a Lyon passant gardant Sol, crowned proper. Supported on the dexter side by a Lyon rampant gardant Sol, and crowned as aforesaid; and on the sinister side by a Unicorn Luna, gorged with a Crown,
thereto a chain affixed, passing between his fore leggs, and reslexed over his
back, Sol; both standing upon a Compartment placed underneath, and in
the table of the Compartment his Majesties royal Motto, DIEU ET MON
Of the Queen of England.
The Queen of England, during
the life of the King, hath as great a
siate and prerogative, as any Queen in Christendom; and is of such high esteem, that the conspiring her death, any the violating her chastity is deemed high Treason. She is esteemed the second person in the Realm; hath her
Court, and Officers apart, who are to manage her affairs. Besides her revenue by way of joynture, she formerly had the tenth part of so much, as by
the name of oblata upon grants, gifts, pardons, and the like, did appertain
and come to the King.
Of the Children of the King.
Concerning the Children of the Kings of
England, the eldest son is born
Duke of Cornwall, and upon his birth enjoys all the profits of the said
Dutchy. He is also created Prince of Wales, which title he alwaies beareth, until he arive unto the Crown: It is high Treason to conspire his death.
The ancient revenue of the principality of Wales, was 4600 and odd ls. per
annum, besides the revenue drawn from the Dutchy of Cornwall, which is
The younger Sons of the King have their Titles from creation, not
birth; as Dukes, Marquesses, or Earls, according to the pleasure of the King.
The Daughters of the King are stiled Princesses. And the title of
Royal Highness is attributed to all the Kings Children, both Sons and Daughters;
they are likewise reverenced and honoured.
The Kings Court and its Government.
The Court of the King is freed
from the Jurisdiction of any Court, whether Ecclesiastical or Civil, except that of the Lord Steward; and in his absence to the Treasurer and Comptroller of the Kings houshold, with the Steward of the Marshalsey; who by vertue of their offices may hear and determine Treason, Felony, and all misdemeanours committed within the Court.The Kings Palace is a place esteemed so high and sacred, that no insolencies
are, or (at least should be) suffered therein, insomuch that not only striking
is forbidden, but also all occasions of the same, and that with strict punishments
ments both corporal and pecuniary, according to the heinousness of the offence: as for striking (if blood be drawn) the right hand is to be cut off; to be committed to Prison during life, and fined besides. The Kings Court
may not unproperly be tearmed a Monarchy within its self, by reason the
Persons, or Officers and Government in which it consisteth, are both
Ecclesiastick, Civil, and Military.
Degrees of Honour.
The Degrees of Honour which are here in
England observed, and according to which they have precedency, may be comprehended under these two heads, viz. Nobiles Majores, and Nobiles Minores. Those included under the first rank, are Dukes, Arch-Bishops, Marquesses, Earls,
Viscounts, Bishops and Barons. And those of the last are Baronets, K nights,
Esquires, and Gentlemen: But there are some that will have Baronets to be
the last under the first rank; and their reason is, as having their honour
Hereditary and by Patent, as the Nobility have. And all these said Degrees
of Honour are speculatively distinguished the one from the other, and that
in their Ensigns, or Shields of Honour, which shall be taken notice of in
As concerning Precedency, all the Nobles of each degree take place according to their seniority of creation, and not of years; unless they are descended of the Blood Royal, and then they take place of all others of the same degree. Yet there are some, that by their Offices, or Places at Court, or fetting at the Helm of State, have precedency; as the Lord K eeper, Lord President of his Majesties Councel, Lord Privy Seal, Lord High Chamberlain,
the Earl Marshall, the Lord Chamberlain, the Master of the Horse, &c.
Precedency and degrees of Honour.
Precedency may also be thus
observed; The K ing, who is the Fountain of
Honour. The Prince of England, who is eldest son to the King, and is born Duke of Cornwall, and about the age of 17 years, is usually created Prince
of Wales. Princes of the blood Royal, who are the Sons, Brothers, Uncles,
and Nephews of the King. The ArchBishop of Canter bury. The Lord
Chancellor, or Lord K eeper of the Great Seal of England. Arch-Bishop
of York. Lord Treasurer of England. Lord President of the Privy Councel.
Lord K eeper of the Privy Seal. Dukes. Marquesses. Duke's eldest sons.
Earls. Marquesses eldest sons. Duke's younger sons. Viscounts, Earls eldest sons. Marquesses younger sons. Bishops. Barons. Viscounts eldest sons.
Earls younger sons. Barons eldest sons. Privy Councellors. Judges. Viscounts
younger sons. Barons younger sons. K nights of the Garter (if not dignified with any other Title) as it is seldom found but that they are, it being so
noble an Order. K nights Banerets, Baronets, K nights of the Bath, and K
Bachelors. Colonels, Sergeants at Law. Masters of Chancery and Doctors.
Esquires, and those may be comprehended under five several heads 1. Esquires unto the K ings body. 2. The Descendants by the Maleline from a Peer
of the Realm. 3. The eldest sons of K nights of the Garter, Baronets, K nights
of the Bath, and K nights Bachelors. 4. The two Esquires attending upon
K nights of the Bath at their K nighting; every K night at his making having
two Esquires. And 5. officiary Esquires, as Justices of the Peace, Baresters at Law. Lieutenant Colonels, Majors and Captains: and lastly Gentlemen.
Priviledges enjoyed by the Nobility.
The priviledges which the
Nobility do, or may enjoy, are very great,
and too tedious to repeat: I shall only take notice of some few. For instance, their persons are freed from all Arrests, Utlawries, or Attachments,
by reason of being free to serve the K ing and Nation. So that Debts, &c.
may be satisfied out of their Estates, which is judged sufficient.
They may in their Journeys to Court, being summoned thither, or to Parliament by the K ings Writ, Letter, or Messenger, kill one or two Deer out
of the K ings Forests, or Parks; and the like may be done at their return.
They are freed from attendance at Sheriffs Tourns, or Leets.
In Criminal causes they are to be tryed by a Jury of Peers, and none other. They are not to be bound to their good behaviours, nor required totake an oath, but only to promise upon their honour so and so.
They are not required as at the beginning of a Parliament, or at other
times, to take the Oath of Supremacy. And when they give evidence for the deciding of a controversie, or otherwise, they are not sworn, but deliver the truth upon their honours.
In places of Trust committed unto them, they have power to constitute
If a Peer doth commit any heinous fact, not only the priviledge of the
Clergy allowed to common persons, shall be granted him, although he cannot read; but also he shall be discharged without burning in the hand, loss
of estate or otherwise.
And lastly, they have the priviledge of qualifying a certain number of
The Priviledges of the Bishops.
The Priviledges which the Bishops
and Clergy enjoy, are very many; as
power of keeping of Courts of Judicature, concerning Ecclesiastical asfairs. They have power to depute their Authority to their Chancellors,
Commissaries, or other Officers.
They are not to be tryed upon any criminal offence by any but by their
Peers; They are freed from Arrests or Utlawries; Their office is to look
after the Ministers in their respective Diocesses, and to see that they be godly, righteous and sober men. No Clergy-man in general is constrained to follow any personal function, or service of the Kingdom;
neither to serve in the War. Likewise they are freed from all temporal offices; neither are they compelled to appear at Sheriffs Tourns. And to conclude, their Goods are freed from payment of Toles and Customs of Avirage, Pontage, Muriage and Paviage. The Priviledges of the Gentrey.
The Priviledges which the
Commonalty, or those under the Degree of
Nobiles minores, enjoy, are also many. They are not to be fined for misdemeanours, but according to the quality of the offence. They are not to be forced to march out of the County where they dwell, to serve as a
Souldier, except it be upon a Rebellion at home, or the invasion of an enemy. Neither are they constrained to go out of the Kingdom to serve aforeign Prince. They are not to be Imprisoned, without cause shewed, and that according to the Laws of the Land: And if imprisoned, they are
not denied a Writ of Habeas Corpus. They have the priviledge of Hawking, Hunting, Fowling, and Fishing, with divers other immunities too tedious to name. But a word or two of each particular degree, and first
of a Duke.
A Duke, next to the King, is the highest of all others; by Patent be
is created by a cincture of a Sword, imposition of a Cap, and Coronet of
Gold on his head, and a verge of Gold put in his hand. This
Dignity was at first conferred upon the most deserving persons in martial affairs, and
then was not Hereditary as now it is. The Titles attributed unto a Duke,
are, the Illustrions, the most high, and noble Prince, like wise the Title of
The Armorial Ensigns, by which they are distinguished from other Nobles, is the Coronet on which the Helmet standeth, viz. a Ducat Crown
Arch-Bishops (especially of Canterbury, which is the
chief) for dignity, claim the next place. His Title is Primate, and Metropolitan over all England, is called his Grace; likewise the most
Reverend Father in God; he hath great Priviledges and Authority;
he doth appoint the Lent Preachers, hath power of keeping ofCourts of Judicature concerning Ecclesiastick affairs; as the Court of Arches, the Court of Audience, the court of Faculties, the Prerogative
Court, and the Court of Peculiars: he hath the power of all probate of Wills, and
granting of Letters of Administration, where the party which dyeth hath 5 l. or upwards out of the Diocess where he dyed. Likewise he hath the making the Wills of all such as dye intestate within his Province, and to
administer their goods to the Relations, or to pious uses, according to his discretion; he hath power to grant publick Notaries, to appoint Guardians;
he may grant to sick, or ancient people, dispensations to eat flesh in the time
of prohibition: And further, his care is to see that good pious Bishops be put into the Bishopricks under his Jurisdiction.Marquesses.
A Marquess, is created by a cincture of a
Sword, Imposition of a Cap of
Honour, with a Coronet, and delivering of a Patent into his hand. The Title
belonging unto him, is, The most noble and potent Prince, The Right Honourable, &c. The distinction by which he is known in their Atchievement,
is the Coronet, which is Meslee, that is, part flowred, and part pyramidal
pearled, the flowers and pearls being of equal height.Earls.
An Earl, is also a dignity very ancient and honourable; he is created
by a cincture of a Sword, a Mantle of State put upon him by the King,
with a Cap and Coronet upon his head, and a Patent given into his hand. The
Coronet, which serveth for the distinction, is pyramidal, poynted and pearled,
having flowers intermixed, but much shorter then the pearled points. The Title of Prince, also the most potent and noble Lord is attributed unto him. Viscounts.
A Viscount, is also created with the like Ceremony as an Earl; his Title is The Right Honourable and Truly Noble; his Coronet or Chaplet, is only
pearled, with a close row of pearls.
Bishops, are also Peers of the Realm, by reason ofthe Baronies annexed to their Bishopriks, to which they are created by Patent at their consecration, and are so called by Writ to Parliament. Their Title is, The Reverend Fathers in God.
A Baron, is also created by Patent, and is esteemed very honourable;his Title is the Right Honourable and truly Noble; and for distinction, the coronet hath but six large pearls about it, whereas the Viscounts is thick
Baronets, were first created by King James in Anno 1611. By their institution, they were to keep, for three years in the Province of Ulster, in the Kingdom of Ireland, at their own proper cost and charge, for the defense thereof, thirty foot Souldiers, at 8 d. per diem, which amounteth unto 1095 l. but in liew thereof, they now answer to the King at their first creation 1000 l. They are to be persons of good quality and reputation;
and Gentlemen at the least of three discents; and for estate, to have not
under 1000 l. per annum. The Augmentation of honour given to this Order, is the Arms of Ulster, viz. on a Canton or Escocheon Argent, a sinister hand couped gules; which said augmentation they bear in the most convenient place of their Escocheon.
A Knight, is an Order of very great antiquity and
honour, not only in this Kingdom, but also throughout Europe: It being an honour not bestowed on any, but those that for their personal worth and desert do merit
the same, and is not hereditary, but dyeth with the person; yet the Heirs enjoy some priviledges, and honour thereby, being Esquires: and although
they are not worth 200 l. or 10 l. per ann. yet may they keep for their recreation, Grey-hounds, Setting-doggs, and Nets, for the taking of Pheasants or
Partredges; may keep hawks, hounds, and have the use of a birding or
likewise if they are of the Ecclesiastical Function, they have the priviledge of holding more then one benefice.
Of Knights, there are several sorts or degrees; viz. Knights of the
Garter, (which, as I said before, is an Order of such great dignity, that it is not
conferred on any under the degree of a Baron; nay, scarce under an Earl,
so that it is too high to be ranged with Knights, though of the first degree,
yet it will not be unfit to give some account thereof.) Then Knights Banerets, Knights of the Bath, and lastly, Knights Bachelors.
Knights of the Garter.
Knights of the Garter, or of St. George, is an Order of all others by far the most honourable; making them Companions to Kings and Emperors. It is a fellowship of all the Orders in Christendom the most ancient and famous;
encircling all Titles and Degrees of Nobility from the Throne downwards.
This Order was first instituted by that victorious Prince, King Edward the
third, in the 23 th year of his reign, and by him called Knights of the Blew Garter; but commonly of the Garter. He likewise appointed his
Successors, the Kings of England, as chief; and the number of this Honourable Fellowship to be twenty and five other Knights, so that with the King there are twenty six, which said number are never to be encreased: and these twenty five were, and are called the Fellows, or Companions of
the Order of the Garter, or St. George. See Elias Ashmole Esq; his
Book of the Order of the Knights of the Garter: a worthy, and a laborious piece The solemnity in the celebration of these Knights, is performed at Windsor, the birth-place of that puissant Prince, with much grandure and magnificence; there being diversrites and ceremonies performed, too tedious to name. There are belonging to this noble Order, besides those aforesaid, and as subservient fourteen secular Canons that are Priests, thirteen Vicars which are also Priests,
and twenty six poor Knights, who receive their maintenance from the Colledge. Also the Prelate of the Garter, the Chancellour of the Garter, the
Register, the principal King at Arms, called Garter King at Arms, whose
office is to marshal and order their solemnities at their Instalments and
and then the Usher of the Garter. The said solemnity is, or ought to be
performed every 23 th day of April at Windsor, as aforesaid. The habit
or badge by which this Honourable Order is distinguished on ordinary
dayes, is; about their body they wear a blew Ribbon or Garter, whereto is affixed the Figure of St. George and the Dragon, all imbellished with
Diamonds; and about their left Legg they wear also a blew Garter, or Band
with studs, buckles, &c. and with these words in Gold, HONI SOIT QUI
MAL Y PENSE, Shame be to him that evil thinks; and on their Garments they wear a silver Star. But on Festival dayes, they also wear rich Robes, with a Collar of Garters cast over their Shoulders, &c. This noble Order hath been, and yet is, of such great esteem in foreign parts, that
Emperors, Kings, and several soveraign Princes, have thought themselves honoured, to be admitted into this Fellowship.
A Knight Baneret, is a degree of great honour, and is to be ranked above all other Knights, except those of the Garter. It is an honour alwayes conferred in the field by the King, under the Kings Standard or Banner displayed in open war, for some signal piece of service there performed.
Knights of the Bath.
A Knight of the Bath, is a degree of honour of good
antiquity; and so tearmed from the custom of bathing, before the said honour is conferred
on them; who is alwayes made at the Coronation of a King, and upon the installment of a Prince of Wales. The Ceremonies in the making these Knights
are very many; and the common ornament or badge of the said honour, is a
scarlet Ribbon, which they wear cross their Shoulder, with an Escocheon hanging at the end thereof.
A Knight Bachelor, is a degree of
honour, which in ancient time was
conferred on Military men, as a reward for their valour and noble exploits. They are made Knights by the ceremony of kneeling down, and the King laying a drawn Sword on their shoulders, bids them to arise Sir John, Sir Thomas, or the like, as their names are. In their Helmets they
are distinguished from all Esquires and Gentlemen, (whose Helmets is one and the same) by an open Helmet, whereas those under the degree of a
Knight have it close. Esquires.
An Esquire is a degree of honour, either made so by the King, or else by
birth, or office. Those made so by the King, are such, as for their noble parts, or publick undertakings, have merited the same. Those by birth,are the sons of Viscounts, Barons, the younger sons of Dukes, Marquesses, and Earls, the eldest sons of Baronets and Knights. And those by office
are such as are chief Officers at Court, (if persons no otherwise dignified;) also those that are imployed in publick offices of State, as Sheriffs,
Justices of Peace, Majors, &c.
Lastly Gentlemen, and such are those that are either
descended of ancient Families, and bear Coats of Arms; or such as have arived to fair Estates by their virtuous endeavours, and qualified with those natural endowments befitting the mind of man, and are made so by the Kings at Arms, by giving them a Coat of Arms. And although they have no other
Title then a Gentleman, yet if well qualified, they are received as fellow
Companions with those of the highest degree of the Nobility.
But before we pass further, let us take a Survey of the several Counties
of England, which for method sake shall be placed Alphabetically; and then the first that offereth it self to view will be Barkshire.