Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
DERBY, OR, DERBYSHIRE: BEING Part of the CORILANI, and ancient KINGDOM of the MERCIANS.
DERBY, OR, DERBYSHIRE: BEING Part of the CORILANI, and ancient KINGDOM of the MERCIANS.
called by the seated near the middle of but inclining towards the North.
It is bounded on the East with the River which severeth it from on the South-east with the River and on the South with the River which said Rivers divide it from on the West with the Rivers and which separate it from as doth the River from and on the North by
Its extent from in the east, to in the West, is about 26 and from in the in the South, to in the North, is about 34, which makes its circumference to be about 130
The is temperate and good, though something cold upon the
The is generally fruitful, especially the South and East parts, which are generally enclosed and improved, yielding good and and hath also great store of and The North and West parts are very and and not so fertile, except it be in in which it abounds, yet not without some rich and on the are bred very good (though not very large) in great abundance, which supply the wants of many other In the North-west, are their chiefest of which they make their and sometimes their but in other parts hath plenty of all sorts of This hath been well wooded, but the and have destroyed much of it. For it is not beholding to being so well stored with insomuch that it supplies the defects of many neighbouring as and whose
|frequently bring to sell at and load themselves back with|
For it affords store of or durable good for black and gray which is very durable, and polishes well; also and in many parts which is not only usefull in but for manuring the ground.
Hear are great out of which are got, also and which imploy many hands in working up, and are dispersed over great part of the And in some parts of this County is also found.
But of all which is the principal and more plentifull here then in any part of the known World, which for excellency yieldeth to none, and the great here driven for it, doth cause to lett, and to sell at better rates than in any of the neighbouring
The that possessed these parts before the Invasion of the according to were the which Lieutenant in this Province under the brought into subjection; and when their Empire declined, it fell into the hands of the and was part of the Kingdom of the
It is observed, that the River severeth this into and on the side is generally found, and on the west
At are made great store of which are carried to in and thence dispersed into several
This before the late had near about 30 well stored with many of which do yet continue.
It is very well watered with pleasant and fruitful Rivers well stored with which are passed over by about 21 And amongst which the and are the chlef. The greatest plenty of is in but that in is preferred before it by some curious and the here taken are sent to
The most remarkable are, First, which divides this County from over the River being susteined by 35 large and at this the second put to flight Earl of and many of the about the year . Secondly, over the same River, which is reputed to be near a mile in length, but much of it is rather a then a Thirdly, St. over the at And fourthly, over the where passeth the called which goeth from in and to in
In this are many as where in the compass of 8 or 9 issueth out of a Rock 9 of which 8 are warm and one very cold; and these are esteemed very good for the effecting divers Cures, as doth appear by a Book which treateth thereof: They are very pleasant to in, which makes them much frequented, especially by the Northern and and would be much more, were there better conveniencies of and
In is a much like the of in and is said to have cured the It is good for old and hath been much frequented and taken both inwardly & outwardly.
At about a and a half from are also two which are much of the nature with in and the in being as strong of the and as effectual in the operation, but want nothing to make them famous but a and some discreet that will drink them regularly.
Not many distant at is another of the same nature, but not so strong. There are also several other about amongst which there is a and a so near together, that you may put one hand in the cold, and the other in the warm.
This is divided into six whose names appear in the in which are numbred about 106 several of which being of a very large extent, and have within them of Ease.
Here were formerly several as in and
It hath several and for the relief of the poor, as in
Also several well endowed as at
It was fortified with several strong as at the in the all which, except are now quite demolished.
This is within the of and and agreat part within the of and of And for the conveniency of vending its hath nine within its self, besides on and all bordering upon the County.
the by the called and by the conveniently seated on the from whence it takes its name, over which it hath a goodly where also a small arising Westwards, runneth through the under nine before it entreth into the and on the said called is seated a once fair stone which beareth the same name. This suffered much under the cruel hands of the who here had their rendezvous; but at length that victorious by a suddain and forceable surprise expelled them, became Mistress thereof, and repaired it, so that in the time of the it had 143 It is at present a very large, populous, well frequented, and rich (few inland equalising it) numbring five of which that of is the fairest, whose built at the only charge of the young and about the reign of for height and beauty is equalled by few in the in which are eight tuneable In this are several as that of the Countess of who built here an for the relief of twelve poor and another of the Countess Dowager of being a stately of and for her and In this are several as and It is a place of a good chiefly for which they make into and sell again in and the North of this The is dignified with an Earldom, who at present is the Right Honourable Earl of Baron and Lord of the of here is a fair lately built of at the Counties charge, where the are constantly kept. The of this is at present committed to the care of a nine fourteen and fourteen a doth enjoy extraordinary large its being
|freed from the payment of at a priviledge which the are not exempted from here. It also giveth its Vote in by two and its is on which is very great for and all besides small on and The of this and might be much advanced, if the River was made navigable; which might easily be done, it wanting but six of the River which would convey and such like ponderous and is something of note for its excellent Ale, called|
(that is a encompassed with and ) pleasantly scituate between two small Rivers, and for the most part on the South side of a little in a good soil. It is a of great Antiquity, although its old name is quite lost; and glorieth much in being made a free Borough by King at the request of his Favourite to whom he gave it, and is now dignified with an Earldome, which at present is in the person of the Right Honourable Earl of Baron of Nor is the to be forgotten, which was fought hard by this betwixt King the Third and his rebellious in which the last Earl of of that Family, was taken Prisoner, and stript both of Estate and Honour, nothing being left him but his life. It is beautified with a fair and large in which are several It hath a for the education of Youth, and for relief of the poor; and of late, the for the Peace are here held for the North part of the It is a that hath large and granted unto it by King and several succeeding and and is at present governed by a six a six twelve two with other Here are weekly two the one on formerly held in the old but long since neglected; and the other on which is kept in the large new being very considerable for and all Country
(thought to be built by King ) pleasantly seated on a pretty a Town not very large, nor its which is on considerable, except for the great quantities of here sold.
so called from the worth of the It is seated in a near the Spring-head of the River a pretty large and populous and begins to be well built. It is beautified with a fair and hath a and As also a great on for and but chiefly for being the greatest in where the have their meeting for the sale thereof.
It is scarce imaginable how many thousands of and in this County, have their maintenance from as and others. The have and peculiar to themselves, which were confirmed to them by several Acts of and near the there are several
scituate between the River and (over which is a ) and in a rich soil; It is a pretty large & hath a on which of late is much decayed, many Families being extinct, or removed: some will have the reason to be, through the many thereabouts
|abouts residing, and its being within the but let the reason be what it will, through its declension is now become considerable.|
by the called where K. the elder erected a It is seated on the River amongst is an indifferent large Town, but a larger conteining seven and is a peculiar freed from all manner of Episcopal Jurisdiction. It hath a good on for and other
a pretty highly elevated, and in good soyl, and air, thought to be a strong Garison of the where there are two huge or yet to be seen. The is reasonable large, its indifferent well built, hath a on and is of some note for its excellent and well glased here made.
seated in a Bottom, a pretty on and hath a
lowly scituate, & not far from a that is said to and from whence it may probably take its name. It is an indifferent beautified with a fair & a and hath a on
seated in the utmost confines of the near formerly a but now disused.
a place where there is a meeting for the sale of on but is no
now demolished, formerly belonging to the of wherein Duke of taken captive at the at was kept a Prisoner for 19 years.
a Colony of the (called by the ) was once the Palace, and burying place of and divers others of the It was much infested, and almost quite destroyed by the Here was also a founded by a Daughter to Earl of and at present this place is famous for its eminent
a Town famous for making of Earthen Pots, and for the great store of excellent
Near or within the compass of 8 or 9 yards issueth out of a Rock 9 Springs, of which 8 are of a warm temperature, and one very cold. These run from under a square building of Free-stone, which at the distance of about 60 paces, receiveth another hot from a enclosed with stones called nigh unto which another very cold arising; and these are esteemed very good for the effecting divers cures.
Not far from this place is the abounding in and not without veins of Quarries of and wherein are divers strange things, or rather wonders to be seen, as the and the chief wonder is the vastness of the height, length, and depth of these and the strange irregularities of the within the water that comes from the which is said to and as doth the and not far distant. In the water falling down is congealed to a kind of a white brittle
At the is said continually to fall down, and yet the hill not to diminish. and are the two other wonders, all comprised in this Verse of Mr. to whose elegant ) I refer the Reader.
 Materials for building.
 Mill-stones. Grind-stones. Syth-stones.
 Ancient Inhabitants.
 Tiken-hall Pots.
 Mineral waters. Buxton-well.
 Quarndon springs.
 Stanly Spring.
 Religious Houses.
 Free Schools.
 Derwent navigable.
 Peverel Courts
 Chapple in the Frith.
 Melborne Castle.
 The Peak.
 Mam Torre.