Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
A DESCRIPTION OF SCOTLAND.
A DESCRIPTION OF SCOTLAND.
THE of maketh the Northern part of and is divided from by the Rivers and together with the A Country formerly inhabited by the who were divided into two the and the But when the became the chief (as Mr, noteth) it was shared into seven and amongst as many The first conteined and The second and The third with The fourth The fifth with The sixth and And the seventh which a in the midst divideth, runing on forward from the West Sea to the East.
It was also (according to the relation of Bishop of ) severed into seven which Mr. also taketh notice of, as followeth; The first from or to the River The second to according as the fetcheth a compass to the Mountain in the North-east part of The third from to The fourth from to the River The fifth from the to the Mountain The sixth and And the Seventh the Kingdom of which is the border of the Scots.
But the at present, according to the habitation of the may be divided into and into the Northern and Southern parts. The of the former, live either on the
|Western Coast, and are very rude, having much of the and of the or or in the out and are utterly barbarous. The as bordering on have much of the disposition, civility, language, and habit of the and are supposed to be descended from the which is confirmed by the who are the true and are supposed to descend from the who with the infesting left their Issue behind them.|
This is very spacious, extending it self from North to South about 250 in length; and in breadth, where broadest, about 150; but contracting it self narrower and narrower as it approaches its extream Northern limits, as doth appear by the
It is said to have been called from or a people of over whose Northern limits the name did extend; although there be many that will have it to be so called, from daughter to an
Although this is less fertile then and its not so plentiful, nor so pleasing to the palate, (occasioned through the coldness of the ) yet is it found to have great plenty of though but small; and for and an innumerable quantity, amongst which is a called the which in many places are taken in very great plenty, and are found very profitable to the not only for their to eat, but for their and Their chief are some and &c.
The (especially those Southernly) are of a good feature, strong of body, very hardy, courageous, and fit for Martial affairs; and their and which are of several degrees, as and are generally very ingenuous, and accomplished men in all civil knowledge.
This like unto consisteth of a and and these with the assemble together in as often as they are called together by Writ from the And by reason of his residence in so that he is not here at their of he constituteth and sendeth one to act as his who is commonly called and such at present is the Right Noble Duke of
Amongst the things worthy of note in this for Antiquity, famous was that drawn from upon unto now called opening upon the West Sea, where (as noteth) set the limits of the past which, according to there were no other bounds of to be sought for. And here the second Legion of and the twentieth of built a part of the as also an ancient coped Monument of an high and round compass, which according to the opinions of some, was a consecrated to the God but others there be that will have it to be a raised by who fortified this with seven
Here began that Wood which name attributeth to all that track of Ground which lyeth Northward beyond or the of which divideth into several Nations, as the who are all known to the by the general name of the from their painting themselves. This
|or was very spacious, and over-shadowed with thickets, and tall over-spreading which rendred it impassable, and was divided by now called that is the crooked bending is of opinion that was in and to confirm his belief therein, he saith there was a with an inscription in saith that were brought out of to but for more truth it may be said that here were bred the wild a of nature fierce and cruel, whose thick and curled manes resembled the In the dayes of a petty Prince reigned over this track of Ground, whose Wife being reproachfully called by the Adulteress, boldly made this Answer:|
In this are two famous and the former never friezeth though in the extreamest cold weather; and the waters of the latter, most raging in the calmest and fairest weather; and herein is an that the wind forceth, or moveth to an fro,
In the Rivers and besides the great aboundance of is taken a called the wherein Pearls are engendred, which are very good in many and some of them not much inseriour to the
As to their of they are peculiar to themselves, and are several. The chief amongst which is the of consisting of and hath the same Authority as that of and is also summoned by Writ from his at his pleasure, as occasion requireth.
The second is the or of consisting of a 14 7 of the and as many of the (unto whom was afterwards adjoyned the who is the chief, and 5 other ) besides 3 principal or and as many as the see convenient: And this was thus constituted by the Fifth in , after the form of the at These sit and administer with equity and reason, and not according to the rigour of the Law, every day (except and ) from the first of to the 15 of and from to the first Calends of and all the time between (as being either or ) is vacation. They give judgment according to the and and where they are defective, they have recourse to the Imperial
There are likewise in every or or kept, wherein the of the or his desideth the and of the from which there are oft-times Appeals to the or of And these are for the most part
Besides these there are other which they call the highest whereof is kept at and these have to do with as and
In the Kings holdeth his at
Likewise the in their and the in some may sit in Judgment of in case the be taken within 24 hours after the fact committed, and being found guilty by a may be put to death; but if the said limited time is past, the matter is referred, and put over to the Kings or his
There are also in every regality holden by their
This as to is divided into two of St. (the Primate of ) and of and under these are several under him of St. those of and And under him of those of or and the ,
The ancient of this were, 1. The who possessed the Counties of and or 2.The or Counties and 3. The or of and 4. The or Counties of and 5. The or of or and 6. The or Counties of and 7. The or County of 8. The or Counties of and 9. The or of and 10. The or County of And 11. the or County of
These parts are again (according to their ) divided into and the or of and
The of and
The of and
Again, according to the scituation of its or may be divided into two parts: to wit Southwards, and on this side the which made the ancient Kingdom of the (so called for that they painted their bodies like the ancient from whom they are said to descend, which is the more confirmed, for that the Northern converted to the Faith by St. were called ) And Eastwards, Northwards, and beyond the which made the ancient Kingdom of the besides aboundance of dispersed in its Northern and Western the chief of which shall be treated of.
The comprehended in the South-part, are or and And these in the North part are or and And of these in order.
The of in former times by the called shooteth it self forth from unto the a Country very hilly, and but thinly clothed with but for the fertility of its Earth, and the civility of its is deservedly esteemed the flower of all The chief places are
or of old the Metropolis of the Kingdom. Its scituation is high, in a wholsom air, and rich soil; and by reason of its commodious (called not above a mile distant) it is a place of good and well resorted unto by
This chiefly consisteth of one which runneth about a mile in length, which receiveth divers petty and so that its circuit may be about three miles, which is strongly begirt with a and at the West end of the City, on the top of a is seated a fair and powerful with many which commands the City, and is esteemed in a manner impregnable. It belonged once to the till in the took it from them when oppressed by the Danish Tyranies. It is well watered with clear and is adorned with many fair as well publick as private, the principal amongst which is the a fair Structure; and its private are generally fair, lofty, built of Free-stone, and so well inhabited, that several Families have their abodes under one Roof. It is also dignified with the of of and with an And being the Scale of for the Kingdom, it will be necessary to give an account of their and As to their note that 13 1/2 makes a 6 3/4 a and 20 a Their used in is the of 16 100 of which make their or C, which is found to make at 108 Their for length is the and is about 4 greater then the Their are such as in but of a double content, a being an and so answerable. Their are also the same with those of but also bigger.
so called from a chief Commander of the which was there slain with most of his about the Year .
seated in a wide and broad Plain, a place of good account, and which the fortified with a deep and large and other
scituate on the Sea-shoar, once defended by a strong which was the Seats of the Earls of a place which hath oft-times been taken by the and as often retaken by the which was the cause of its since which it is honoured with the Title of an
seated on a place in former Ages famous for its House of
Not far from this place, and near the Shoar, lyeth a small called which seemeth to be a high craggy and to be almost cut through by the undermining Sea-waves. It hath a of and fresh and above all is remarkable for the exceeding great aboundance of those called and which here frequent and breed, which, (as before I noted) is very profitable to the in these parts.
hath a most commodious Haven, being the present Port to
seated on the or in former time of note for its famous as at present for giving Title of an Earldom unto the Duke of
or said to be the ancient City of mentioned by a place one beautified with a of the and a fair
a County so called as being a it is wholly on the was of great note for its Earls thereof; and hath for its chief places,
called by the City a place of great antiquity,
|and note for its chaist for it is said that they, together with their cut of their own and to render themselves deformed, that the might not deflour them, but this so exasperated them, that they not only burnt their but them therein.|
Not far from is and here the Sea thrusteth it self forth into a called St.
formerly famous for its which (with thirteen others) King the First raised from the ground, for the advancement of Gods glory.
that is or adjoyning to a craggy hilly Country. Its chief places are
which gives name to a Territory adjoyning, seated between the Rivers and once a place of great strength, being defended by a and towred and here it was that King the Second of was unfortunately slain by the breaking of a at the Seige.
a well frequented and inhabited seated near the confluence of the Rivers and
seated on the and a branch thereof; a of some account.
seated also on the formerly of note for its ancient of cloistered that gave themselves to Prayer, and to get their livings by their handy labour; and this place holy King restored, and replenished with
a small Territory, so called from a River which passeth through it; Its chief place was
that ancient City; wherein the Tribune of the first Band of the kept and against the Northern Enemies.
another small Territory, which takes its name from the River that watereth it.
also another small Territory, which receiveth its name from the River that passeth through it: Its chief places are and
that is, Its chief places are seated at the mouth of the River And
a of good strength, as well by Nature as Art; nigh unto which is a strong
or a County so named from the River which watereth it; a Country of a fertile which beareth good hath rich and and in the which watereth its Southern part, are taken great store of excellent which the for their recreation oft-times hunt on Horse-back with Its chief places are
seated between two and on the River near its influx into the once strengthened with a a of good account for making of but more remarkable for the murther of a man of great eminency amongst the who was slain by in the out of a fear least he should fore-close his way to the Kingdom.
Nigh unto this is a small place, which seemeth to retein something of the old name of
seated at the mouth of the in former time of so great strength, that (for a good while) it stoutly resisted the power of K. the First who besieged it.
also a flourishing in former Ages.
a County so called of the who once here inhabited; in former times had and over it. It is a Country much inclined to which renders it more fit for then breeding abundance of small and well limmed which for their nimbleness and hardiness are esteemed excellent for a And the by which it is washed, together with its and affords the store of excellent Its chief places are
the most commodious on this Coast; and the second of
a or of great strength, as well by Nature as Art, being seated on a craggy high by the River and fenced about with strong
seated on a Bay of the between the Rivers and a good
Not far from this and on the Sea-shoar, placed the ancient City which is now called and here it is said or a holy who first instructed the in the in the reign of the Emperour the younger, had his and built a to the honour of St.
a County that hath rich and is well furnished with all necessaries both by and where it beareth the name of a large and capacious Bay, which with its and affords its plenty of Its chief places are
a place of great antiquity. and
a fertile County, and well inhabited; hath for its chief places
seated on a River so called, where it looseth it self into the a place of some account, being a And
also washed with a County no less commodious and fertile, then pleasant, being plentifully watered. Its chief places are
a seated on a River so called, at its influx into the where it hath a though now choaked up.
where the Third destroyed aboundance of the And
a County so called from the River that watereth it. Its chief places are
pleasantly scituate on the River over which it hath a fair susteined by eight It is a City of good account, well frequented and inhabited, enjoyeth a good and is dignified with the of an as also with an
seated on a and in the so called.
the Hereditary Sheriffdome of the who take their name from seated on the fruitful bank of the
which gives name to a
in former times a famous founded by the Second, High Steward of which for a stately with rich Furniture, was inseriour to few.
a County very hilly, and well watered with amongst which is the and the large Lough about 20 miles in length, and in breadth, where broadest, about 8, in which are many small amongst which some are said to float about: a place noted for great plenty of especially for a called a found no where else: This County is
|honoured in giving Tilte to the Right Noble the Duke of and Its chief places are|
that is, the for that the held it longest against the and being the strongest place in all the as well by Nature as Art, being loftily seated, on a rough, craggy, and two-headed at the meeting of the Rivers, near the large Lough and in a green Plain; In one of the tops is, or was placed a and on the other several or on the East-side it hath a boggy Flat, which at every Tide is covered with water, and on the South it hath the River
an ancient City, by some said to be the same
or a County of a fertile and well inhabited; and here is that narrow or by which and (thrusting themselves far into the Land, out of the East and West Seas) are separated from meeting together: which space was fortified with Garisons between, by so that all the part on this side was in the possession of the and their Enemies were forced to retire themselves into the more Northern and hilly part of the Kingdom: but this lasted not long, for being called home, the forced the back as far as the River and when arived in about 40 years after, instead of going farther, gave command that the (which used not to give ground to any) should be withdrawn back; and that a Wall of (commonly now called ) should be made between the Rivers and Southward on this side for about 100 which proved successful unto them. And along this have been oft-times found several and pieces of And of remark was that ancient round building, 24 high, and 13 broad, open at the top, and framed of rough and unpolished stones, without any and some call this the Temple of the others and others as supposing it to be raised by but would rather believe it to be built by who fortified these parts, had not said it was built by as a in memory of some Victory. The chief places in this County are
or a place of good strength, and fortified with a powerful highly mounted on the brow of a steep Rock; a place dignified with the birth of King the Sixth of and first of who afterwards caused it to be beautified with new
a County so called from the River Its chief places are
seated on the River being the of a And
a fertile County in and hath and the with its two and which almost encompass it, affordeth store of and other Its chief place are
St. of old that is, St. which or King of the gave to and St. that it should be the chief and Mother Church of the It is a City pleasantly seated on the Sea-shoar near is fortified with a fair and strong is dignified with an which is Primate of all and is also honoured by being the Seat of the
seated on the rising of a and in an open Heath so called, where there is a large place called the that affordeth good store of
a famous in old time, and of note as well for its and being the burial place of King the third; as for giving Title to the Earl of
well, and pleasantly seated for for which purpose the Kings have had here their Retiring-house.
a of some note.
that is, hath for its chief places
once a City of good account, being the Royal seat of the which, as 'tis said, their King decicated to God and St. with a track of ground thereto belonging.
well seated on the River
scituate also on the same River.
a County well furnished with in which, together with the Sea, and its many Arms which it sendeth forth, are taken great plenty of good and in its are bred a kind of Places of good account are none in this County.
a Countrey of an apt for bearing of is well watered, being divided by the large or called Its chief places are
seated near the said once dignified with a House of the
where the Fourth ordeined a and a to administer Justice to the of the out- and
that is, the as thrusting it self forth with a long and tapered which called the between the extream point of which, and or in there are scarce 13 miles. Its chief places are and
a small County and near unto hath for its chief places and
or whose are called the a kind of rude and warlike and much of the nature of the in habit and disposition. Its chief places are and
a large and sertile County; hath for its chief places
or St. a place of good account, and once larger then now it is, being built by King it is pleasantly seated between two and on the River which is navigable for
dignified by King with an supposed to be a of the
Also on the stood the little City of which was washed away by the overflowings of the said River, together with many of its amongst which was an Infant-child of the Kings in its Cradle.
seated on the farther side of the dignified with an inauguration of the before their Union to now being the place, and where the in which the Kings were then crowned is, which is at present made use of upon the like occasion.
an indifferent fertile County, and well clothed with where is that large and overshadowed wood already treated of; a Country said to be infamous for Its chief place is
a fertile County both for and rich is well watered with several which lose themselves in the Sea, which serveth
|for its Eastern bounds; It is interlaced with and and garnished with divers and Its chief places are|
seated on the mouth of the River a noted and well resorted for by reason of its commodious for
scituate on the River near its fall into the Sea, and dignified by King the First with an Nigh unto this is a place not unknown to Seamen.
of old of some account for being honoured with the Title of an Earldom.
seated near the Sea, a endowed with large Revenews, and by King dedicated to a Religious use, in honour of of
or a small, but plain and fertile Champain Country, which shooteth it self forth on the Its chief places are
defended by a strong seated on an high and inaccessible near the Sea.
seated also not far from the Sea.
washed with the Sea, whose waves did here cast up a mighty mass of of an inestimable value; It hath good most fit to feed whose is excellent; and its Rivers breed store of which are had at such easie rates, that it is scarce worth the trouble of taking them. Its chief places are and
Adjoyning to this Country lyeth and a small Sheriffdom; also a little Territory of no great note.
a long and narrow County, somewhat inclined to but well watered with the or well stored with and other Its chief places are
seated on the Sea-shoar, at the mouth of the dignified with an hath an also a and is of note for taking of and
a pleasant and fertile County, and the rather as watered with the and the River and Lake which reacheth about 23 in length, the water where of is observed to be so warm, that it never is found to freeze; and this is its Northern limits, as the is its Eastern; all which empty themselves in the Sea, where it formeth a Its chief places are
which thinks to be and here in . a Marble Vessel artificially engraven, full of was found.
or an hereditary and here stood within a by-land a strong of a great height, which was kept by the against the
and in former times two eminent Also
and places honoured with the Titles of
a County well stored with and which empty themselves into the Sea; it hath also good yet is it very and well clothed with and in the bowels of the Earth are of Its chief place is
once of good account, being well frequented and traded unto, but through the Pyracies and Wars of the and who razed it, it hath now scarce any remain left.
a large, mountainous, and woody County, which reacheth from one Sea to the other; hath great plenty of and Its chief places are
or the as having so secure and capacious an Harbour for and
In this County is the Territory of very mountainous, from which the second Sons of the Kings of bear their Title.
reguarding the Sea, is well watered with besides the large Lough or Lake almost in the midst of the County; Westwards of which are great store of from which is dugg excellent very good for curious It is a Country more fit for breeding of then for And hath for its chief places and
a County far engaged Northwards, which with have the utmost Northern Coast of all which must occasion it to be of a very cold temperature; It is very much in clined to sterility, is and but ill inhabited. Its chief places are and
a County washed with the where it formeth several and is well watered with which afford good store of from which, and by the grazing and breeding of the get the greatest part of their livelyhood. Its chief places are
a mean place, yet the of a
a Maritime dignified with an Earldom. Nigh unto this Southwards is and Northwards both Mari time places: and
In this track are three to wit, of old or of old and of old
There are several dispersed about this Kingdom of as the and which may properly be said to belong thereunto; but as to the description thereof, they shall be treated of amongst the other small belonging in general to great after we have treated of the Kindom of
 Its Scituation.
 Ancient Inhabitants. Ancient division.
 Modern division, and Its Inhabitants.
 Its extent.
 Its name.
 Its fertility and commodities.
 Its Inhabitants.
 Nobility and Gentry of Scotland. TheirSessions of Parliament.
 Things worthy of note.
 Cambden, page 32.
 Two famous Loughs.
 Courts of Judicature. Court of Parliament
 Colledge of Justice.
 Ecclesiastical Government.
 Ancient Inhabitants of Scotland.
 Scotland divided into Sheriffdoms.
 Its further division.
 Its Counties.
 Its name and fertility.
 Its chief places. Edenburgh.
 Their Coyns, Weights, and Measures.
 County of Merch described.
 Its chief places.
 Liddisdale. Brankensey, Harlay, and Armitage. Aunadale.
 Of a fertile soil.
 Good Horses here bred.
 Hath very fertile grounds.
 Arduntoun. Cosregall.
 Aire. Vchiltre.
 Of a very fertile soil.
 Largis. Androsan.
 Lanrick. Hamilton.
 Lomond. Lough.
 Of a fertile soil.
 The Romans forced bace by the Caledonian Britains.
 A Wall of Turffs for about 100 miles.
 Falkirke, Cumirnald, Torwood.
 Of a very fertile soil.
 St. Andrews.
 Great store of fish.
 This County seated near Ireland.
 Isle of Arran.
 The Highlanders.
 Very fertile and well watered.
 Very fertile.
 Good Wooll, and plenty of Salmons.
 Well watered.
 Iron Mines.
 Its fertility.
 Excellent white Marble.
 Very cold and barren.
 Three Mountains.