Britannia: or a Geographical description of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the Isles and Territories thereto belonging.
WILTSHIRE: BEING Part of the BELGæ, and ancient KINGDOM of the West-Saxons.
WILTSHIRE: BEING Part of the BELGæ, and ancient KINGDOM of the West-Saxons.
altogether an Inland Country, no less fertile then delightful, and enjoying a most sweet and delightful Its Northern part, called hath delectable well clothed with and watered with fresh streams, amongst which is the which soon becometh the chief in the Its are more even, and exceding fertile in and feeding great flocks of and are also well watered with the Rivers of and And the middle part of this County is most plain and level, and beareth the name of which is a large and spacious track of ground, found very profitable to the of those parts, by the feeding of such great flocks of
This hath for its Eastern limits the Counties of and for its Southern, part of and for its Western, that of and for its Northern, Its extent from in the North, to in the South, maketh about 39 and from in the East, to the in the West, is said to be about 29; and makes in circumference about 140
The ancient known to were the which were subdued by Lieutenant of the second Legion under and afterwards became part of the
In the midst of this there is a which runneth from East to West for many called a place of some wonder, and by the common sort of people, said to be cast up by the upon a but as Mr. observeth, was rather made by the for the dividing of this Kingdom of the from that of the this being the place where they fought for the enlargement of their And near unto this is a small Village (so called from the and great ) where that warlike King of the in . received such a great overthrow by the and in a fierce that not being able to recover him
|self, he was constrained to quit his Kingdom, and to end his dayes in a miserable exil'd condition. And here it was that the joyned with the whence both of them quitted the field with equal loss.|
This County is severed into 29 whose names appear in the in which are numbred 304 is accommodated with one City, and hath intercourse of Traffick by twenty
In former time here were many amongst which those of most note were, with several others of less note.
of old a City of great Antiquity, formerly the seat of the where vanquished the and where the committed great spoils by This City of commonly called was raised out of the old, which was dryly seated on a great Eminence; being a place only designed for and yet honoured it was with an and a fair As to the present City, it is pleasantly seated on a River, whose streams commodiously vater most of the which are large and spacious. It is a place beautified with fair the chief amongst which is its or dedicated to the blessed a stately and beautiful first began by Bishop and in forty years was raised to its perfect beauty, having as many or for entrance, as Months in the year, as many as and as many (great and small) as in the Its hath a lofty which proudly sheweth it self from a great distance; and its is large, and curiously wrought, to which near adjoyning is the Next to its may be reckoned its a fair building, seated in a spacious This City is dignified with an which at present is invested in the person of the Right Honorable Earl of Amongst its sendeth to (as doth ) is a place well inhabited and frequented, enjoyeth a good and its which are on and are very considerable for and and for living on
This conteineth the Counties of and in which are 544 of which 109 are and hath three of and
This City is encompassed with open and which take their name from the City; in which said at about six distance, is to be seen the great and wonderful piece of work called composed of great and unwrought some of which are 28 foot high, and 7 broad, and so laid over-thwart one another, that it is wonderful to behold, insomuch that the reckon them to be one of the wonders and miracles of this And these are said to be thus raised by the as a (to remain to perpetuity) of the vertue and manhood of who took upon him the of in the Declension of the succoured his languishing and by the aid of that war-like repressed the furious rage of the vanquishing powerful Armies, and in the end, in the last battle fought on this lost his life. And for the better confirming of this report, true it is that have been ofttimes digged up, and the of seated on the seems to
|be so called from in which divers of the British Kings, according to their lay interr'd; where there was a for 300 which was rifled, and spoiled by and in the place thereof, Wife to King to expiate her crime for the killing King her Son in Law, built a stately and richly endowed it, in which Queen Widdow to King the Third, renouncing all worldly Pomp as a devoted her self to a holy life.|
Mr. as also Mr. (who wrote a learned Tract; entituled ) are of opinion, That these are not naturally hewed out of the but artificially made of pure and by some conglutinous matter incorporated together, like unto some such kind of of in and the better to make this Opinion seem rational, taketh occasion to speak, That the in were made of digged out of the ground, which with the strongest kind of wrought together, became so hard, that they seemed and that and of and smal Gritt grown together, become so firm, that they pass for solid
a place well watered, as seated between the River and another; a in ancient time called and was sometime of such considerable account, that it was the head of the County, was dignified with an had a and enjoyed great but this place suffered great spoils by the which with other its ill-fortunes, especially by turning the Western High-road, by little and little it be came to what it is at present, a small mean yet ceaseth it not as a to elect and is the place where the of the are chosen, and where the keepeth his monthly County and hath a small on
In this it was that King of the obteined a victory against of but not without the loss of aboundance of men slain on each side: And here it was that joyned with the who in the end were the Victors.
or seated on the a of great antiquity, which electeth is of some note for being the habitation of the famous of and hath a small on
Eastwards of is that large and spacious of which gives Title to the Right Honorable Earl of
or seated on the a of great antiquity, as I have already noted in the description of at present indifferent large, but the scatteringly built; and its which is on is so inconsiderable, that it is not taken notice of, if not disused.
seated on the South-part of the County reguarding an ancient governed by a electeth and hath a very considerable (especially for ) on
Eastwards from on the River is seated a small called opposite to which is a large called by the which, to all probability, was a of the and by some believed to be and not far from this are two others of less note.
seated near large where there is a it hath a on but at present of little account, by reason of the late damage it suffered by
Not far from is which gives Title to the Right Honorable of
or a governed by a electeth is an indifferent good and hath a on which is very considerable for
at the Spring-head of the River of old which (as Mr. noteth) in former time was a of great account, enjoyed ample paid no nor was rated by the and hath at present a very considerable for on
scituate on a a of good account for and hath an indifferent on
Near unto is of old where King fred in a pitched was successful against the and forced them to quit the Kingdom. And here Bishop of (who was born at this ) erected a and called it
seated not far from the an indifferent but hath a very great on especially for and
seated on a in a and near a heretofore of greater note and strength, then now it is, being defended by a powerful yet is it at present a large electing is well inhabited and traded unto for divers and principally and hath a very considerable on for of all sorts, and divers other Country
scituate on the and on the descent of a (so called of a broad ) where a British King, fought a sore battel against his near Kinsman It is an indifferent and hath a on
so called from its old formerly a but now disused.
or seated on the a which electeth and hath a noted on for and
Nigh unto is now of mean account, but in former time the Mansion-house of King
scituate on a River so called, and in a stony ground, a poor small but beautified with a fair gives its Vote in by two and hath an indifferent on At this place in , when there were hot disputes between the and concerning single life, here was a or (as Mr. observeth) holden, and whilst they were debating the matter in hand, the wherein the States sate, by breaking of the main Timber, suddenly fell down, and many of the and were wounded, and divers slain.
or seated on the near and and in a a of great note in former ages, and supposed to have been the ancient of the out of whose ruins it was raised, and had a once belonging to surnamed who was after King of and where there was a held, and a made for the suppressing of all commonly called the of It is at present a good and well-built governed by a and hath the election of is dignified with an at present in the Person of the Right Honorable Earl of and hath a very considerable for and especially on
Near unto this place is a sinallVillage, so called from divers like pitched up an end, amongst which there sometimes breaks forth a violent stream of water, which is reputed the sore-runner of a Dearth, and by the Country people is called
In this part are several eminent and high as St. and others.
seated on a branch of the an indifferent and hath a small on
seated on the top of a and near a rich a of no largeness, but the well-built of and hath a considerable on for
adjoyning to a large Park; and not far from the spacious of it is a and electing and hath an indifferent on
scituate on the top of a high and in the middle of a rich Vale, near the Vale of hath a good for on
seated Westwards of well watered with Rivers, which almost encompass it; it is a which electeth and hath an indifferent on
pleasantly seated on a and on the River which almost encircleth it, over which it hath six It is a of great antiquity, where an a man of great holiness and learning, under a in a solitary Grove built a or little and lived an Hermetical life, and where his Successor built a fair It is at present a good governed by a and enjoyeth several sendeth to and hath a good for and on
In this County there are other which have the election of and
 Its Rivers.
 Its bounds.
 Ancient Inhabitants.
 Its Division.
 Religious houses.
 See Cambden, 251.