The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 2

Allen, Thomas


The Royal Train of Artillery

Is on the ground-floor of the grand store-house, north of the White Tower; it is a large room, supported by pillars, feet high. On each side of this room a great variety of artillery was formerly placed; many of these instruments of destruction have, during the late wars, been removed from thence, and employed in active service.

The object is beautiful brass cannons, pounders, feet long, re-cast out of some old cannon taken from the French, at the battle of Cherbourg, in the year , and the admirable engraving upon them is said to have cost The weight of of them is cwt. qrs. lbs., the other is cwt. qrs. lbs. On of them lord Ligonier's coat of arms is engraven in a very masterly manner, and the names of the then principal officers of the ordnance; on the other is lord Townsend's coat of arms, &c. Here are also fine brass mortars, taken from the French at the siege of Acre, by sir Sidney Smith; they are inches in diameter, and will throw a shell of lbs. weight.

fine brass cannons, taken from the walls of Vigo, by lord Cobham, . Their breeches represent lions , with the effigy of St. Barbara, to whom they were dedicated.

famous brass field-pieces, taken from the French, which are curiously carved and decorated.

brass mortars, taken from the French, at the battle of Cherbourg, in the year : each weighs lbs.

A very ingenious engine, that throws hand grenadoes at once, and is fired by the means of a train.

A small piece of ordnance, on a travelling carriage, curiously ornamented.

A fine brass mortar, that will throw shells at a time, out of which the balloons were cast at the grand fire-works in .

An immense large iron cannon, brought from Edinburgh castle, called Mount's Mag; it is about feet in length, and of such amazing dimensions, that a man may go into its mouth.

A very curious brass cannon, with bores, -pounder, taken by the duke of Marlborough, at the memorable battle of Ramelies.

The drum-major's chariot of state, with the kettle-drums fixed,


which was formerly drawn by white horses at the head of a train, when upon a march.

An immense large mortar, weighing upwards of lbs. and it is said, will throw a shell, of lb. weight, miles. This mortar, we are informed, was fired so often at the siege of Namur, in king William's reign, that the very touch-hole was melted, for want of giving it time to cool. The siege Namur is of the most memorable and desperate ever recorded in history. The place was thought to be impregnable, and yet it was taken from a complete army within, headed by a marshal of French, in the sight of men without, who came to relieve it. Lord Cutts commanded the British at the general assault of the castle, where he acquired the name of the English Salamander. The greater part of his corps fell in the action: scarcely an officer or soldier came off unhurt.

Here are a number of other brass and iron cannon, as also abundance of cannon-balls of different sizes, and shells for mortars of various sizes, &c. &c. Ascending a noble staircase of steps, we enter

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: History of London, from the Accession of William and Mary, to the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER II: History of London during the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER III: History of London from the Accession of George the Third, to the year 1780
 CHAPTER IV: History of London continued to the Union
 CHAPTER V: History of London from the Union to the Jubilee, 1809
 CHAPTER VI: History of London from the Jubilee to the Peace of 1814
 CHAPTER VII: History of London continued to the accession of George the Fourth
 CHAPTER VIII: Account of the Civil Government of the City by Portreves, Bailiffs, and Mayors, with a list of the latter...
 CHAPTER IX: An account of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, with a list of the latter
CHAPTER X: Lists and brief Accounts of the various Officers and Courts within the City
CHAPTER XI: Some account of the Ecclesiastical Government of the city of London, with a List and Biographical Notices of the Bishops of the see
CHAPTER XII: Some Account of the Military Government of London, and the Artillery Company
CHAPTER XIII: An Account of the twelve principal Companies of the City of London
CHAPTER XIV: An Account of the Companies of the City of London, alphabetically arranged
 CHAPTER XV: An Account of the River Thames
CHAPTER XVI: Historical and topographical account of London Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Southwark Bridge, and the Thames Tunnel
CHAPTER XVII: Topographical and Historical Account of the Tower of London