The History and Antiquities of London, Westminster, Southwark, and Parts Adjacent, vol. 2

Allen, Thomas




Their are sa. a chevron between tuns

This company was originally composed of bodies denominated , and , the former being the importers and wholesale dealers in wine, and the latter the retailers, who kept taverns and cellars in different parts of the city, for selling it in small quantities.

These vintners,

says Stow,

as well Englishmen as strangers borne, were of old times great Bourdeaux merchants of Gascoyne and French wines;

and they were hence denominated the

merchant wine-tunners of Gascoyne.

We learn from the same authority, that in the reign of Edward III.


wines were sold in London

not above iiij pence,

and Rhenish wines

not above

six pence

the gallon.

The above sovereign empowered the

merchant vintners

to carry on an exclusive importation trade for wine, from Gascony, in the year ; yet it was not till the of Henry VI. anno , that

the successors of those vintners, and wine-drawers, that retailed by the gallons, pottell, quart, and pynte,

were incorporated by the appellation of

The master, wardens, and freemen, and commonalty, of the mystery of vintners of the city of


All the freemen of the company have the privilege of retailing wine without a licence.

In the of Edward IV. there was an act made concerning the price of wines; and for stinting the number of taverns in each great town in the kingdom. By which taverns or wine cellars only were allowed in London, and in . Gascoigne, Guienne, and French wines, to be sold not above the gallon, within any of the king's dominions; Rochelle wine at the gallon; any other wines of no higher valuation than the gallon.

In the year , a presentment was made by the attorney-general, in the star-chamber, against

divers vintners,

for selling wines

both in gross and retail, above the set prices;

and this, as it would seem, was done with the connivance of the king, for the purpose of extorting money from the company, who to prevent more grievous exactions, offered

to pay his majesty


upon every tun of wine, retailed and vended;

this offer,

after many hearings and several long debates,

was accepted, and the vintners had in return some further privileges granted to them, among which, were

to sell a penny in a quart above the rates set; to dress meat; and to sell beer and sugar.

The hall of the vintner's company is a respectable brick edifice, stuccoed, situated on the south side of , upon the site of a mansion called Stody-place, or

the manor of the vintry,

which was given to the company,

with the tenements round about,

by sir John Stody, or Stodie, vintner, lord mayor in .

This company is governed by a master, wardens, and assistants.

They have considerable possessions,

says Maitland,

out of which they pay large sums annually, for the relief of the poor.


[] These arms were granted 1427.

[] Sur. of Lond. p. 187.

[] Sur. of Lond. p. 187.

[] Ibid.

[] Strype's Stow, ii. p. 195.

[] Mal. Lond. Red. vol, iv. p. 518; on the authority of a MS. in the British Museum.

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 Title Page
 CHAPTER I: History of London, from the Accession of William and Mary, to the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER II: History of London during the reign of George the Second
 CHAPTER III: History of London from the Accession of George the Third, to the year 1780
 CHAPTER IV: History of London continued to the Union
 CHAPTER V: History of London from the Union to the Jubilee, 1809
 CHAPTER VI: History of London from the Jubilee to the Peace of 1814
 CHAPTER VII: History of London continued to the accession of George the Fourth
 CHAPTER VIII: Account of the Civil Government of the City by Portreves, Bailiffs, and Mayors, with a list of the latter...
 CHAPTER IX: An account of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, with a list of the latter
CHAPTER X: Lists and brief Accounts of the various Officers and Courts within the City
CHAPTER XI: Some account of the Ecclesiastical Government of the city of London, with a List and Biographical Notices of the Bishops of the see
CHAPTER XII: Some Account of the Military Government of London, and the Artillery Company
CHAPTER XIII: An Account of the twelve principal Companies of the City of London
CHAPTER XIV: An Account of the Companies of the City of London, alphabetically arranged
 CHAPTER XV: An Account of the River Thames
CHAPTER XVI: Historical and topographical account of London Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Waterloo Bridge, Southwark Bridge, and the Thames Tunnel
CHAPTER XVII: Topographical and Historical Account of the Tower of London