El Colectivo de Escritores Jóvenes: resistencia cultural a la dictadura chilena.
- Between 1973 and 1990, Chile experienced a military dictatorship unlike any previous or subsequent political regime in its history. With the abrupt transition to dictatorship on September 11, 1973 came corresponding cultural transformations. Along with the wider cultural changes that took place after 1973, Chile's literary scene was drastically altered due to the policy of censorship, the military... read moreintervention of universities, the realities of political exile and imprisonment and the dismantling of the state-run publishing house. Paradoxically, despite the many impediments to writing and publishing, Chilean writers of the generation of the eighties attest to the fact that there had never been more literary production. The Collective of Young Writers (Colectivo de Escritores Jóvenes), which united writers who were beginning their literary careers under emergency political conditions, is one example of the type of cultural movement that flourished under the dictatorship. Drawing from a series of interviews with former members of the collective, I present the group's history and examine its relationship to cultural and social movements that unfolded post-1973. I argue that the unique political context of the 1980s stimulated literary production by providing writers with a clear theme and making cultural activity an alternative means of doing politics.read less