Approaches to studying prediction in music and language
Abstract: Prediction or expectancy is thought to play an important role in both music and language processing. However, prediction is currently studied independently in the two domains, limiting research on relations between predictive mechanisms in music and language. In Study 1, I developed a melodic cloze probability task (modeled on the standard linguistic cloze probability task), in which lis... read moreteners are presented with the beginning of a novel tonal melody and asked to sing the note they expect to continue the melody. Participants' responses varied in consistency across melodies with different underlying harmonic structures. In Study 2, a sentence comprehension paradigm was used to explore lexical prediction strength in individuals with and without musical training, as indexed by the amplitude of the ERP component known as the frontal positivity; no relationship was observed between this component and participants' degree of musical training.
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2017.
Submitted to the Dept. of Psychology.
Advisor: Aniruddh Patel.
Committee: Gina Kuperberg, and Frank Lehman.
Keywords: Cognitive psychology, and Music.read less