In this paper, I test a number of hypotheses concerning cross-national variation in support for using military force in six historical episodes. Specifically, using public opinion data from six historical episodes involving the threatened or actual use of force, I analyze the extent to which cross-national variations in support for using force can be traced to two sets of variables: universal logics ... read moreand the national characteristics of particular states. By universal logics, I mean a set of considerations that should have an impact on opinion in all societies, regardless of historical experience, geopolitical position, or cultural tradition. By national characteristics, I mean precisely those variables that measure each state's experience, relative geopolitical position, and cultural makeup. These two sets variables are evaluated in a statistical model. The particular features of each historical conflict are also examined.read less
Eichenberg, Richard C. "Global Public Opinion on the Use of Military Force from the First Gulf War to the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq: Universal Logics and National Characteristics." Paper presented at the Convention of the International Studies Association, San Diego, CA, March 22-26, 2006.