Learning to Expect the Unexpected: Speech Disfluencies, Expectancy, and the N400 EffectStorch, Barbara F.
Prior work has indicated that speech disfluencies are produced in a systematic fashion. Specifically, speakers are more likely to produce a speech disfluency before an unexpected word or phrase. This patterned production of disfluencies may lead listeners using disfluencies as a signal to “expect the unexpected” continuation (Arnold & Tanenhaus, 2011). Disfluencies have been shown to attenuate the... read more