Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS): a systematic review of anatomy and potential risk factors.
Waryasz, Gregory R.
McDermott, Ann Y.
Background: Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS), a common cause of
anterior knee pain, is successfully treated in over 2/3 of patients through
rehabilitation protocols designed to reduce pain and return function to the
individual. Applying preventive medicine strategies, the majority of cases of PFPS
may be avoided if a pre-diagnosis can ... read morebe made by clinician or certified athletic
trainer testing the current researched potential risk factors during a
Preparticipation Screening Evaluation (PPSE). We provide a detailed and comprehensive
review of the soft tissue, arterial system, and innervation to the patellofemoral
joint in order to supply the clinician with the knowledge required to assess the
anatomy and make recommendations to patients identified as potentially at risk. The
purpose of this article is to review knee anatomy and the literature regarding
potential risk factors associated with patellofemoral pain syndrome and
prehabilitation strategies. A comprehensive review of knee anatomy will present the
relationships of arterial collateralization, innervations, and soft tissue alignment
to the possible multifactoral mechanism involved in PFPS, while attempting to
advocate future use of different treatments aimed at non-soft tissue causes of
Keywords: Active isolated stretch, degree(s), Manual resistance, Romanian dead lift, Yard.
Springer Open.read less
- Waryasz, Gregory, and Ann Y. McDermott. "Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS): a systematic review of anatomy and potential risk factors." Dynamic Medicine 7, no. 1 (12, 2008): 1-14.