Bioelectric regulation of innate immune system function in regenerating and intact Xenopus laevis.

Paré, Jean-François.

Martyniuk, Christopher J.

Levin, Michael.


  • laevis embryos are infected with a uropathogenic microorganism, in the presence or absence of reagents that modify Vmem, prior to the ontogenesis of the adaptive immune system. General depolarization of the organism's Vmem by pharmacological or molecular genetic (ion channel misexpression) methods increased resistance to infection, while hyperpolarization made the embryos more susceptible to death ... read more
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  • Paré, Jean-François, Christopher J. Martyniuk, and Michael Levin. "Bioelectric Regulation of Innate Immune System Function in Regenerating and Intact Xenopus Laevis." Npj Regenerative Medicine 2, no. 1 (May 26, 2017). doi:10.1038/s41536-017-0019-y.
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