The Effect of Emotion on Memory: Faces and Names
Nitenson, Adam Z.
- Emotion has been shown to demonstrate a modulating effect on memory, generally enhancing recall and recognition of stimuli. The goal of the current study was to determine the effect of emotion on associative memory between faces and names. Across three separate experiments, 45 participants viewed 120 face-name pairs (names paired with fearful, happy, and neutral faces) and later performed a ... read moreforced-choice recognition memory task. The results showed that memory for fearful and happy face-name pairs was not better than that for neutral face-name pairs; however in the first experiment, we found significantly greater recognition of happy pairs than fearful pairs. There was no significant relationship between measures of valence, arousal, and attractiveness and memory performance in any of the experiments. Explanations for the results as well as possibilities for future research are discussed. Our study suggests that emotional face-name memory involves complex processes which merit further investigation.read less