Meta-analytic and empirical investigations into interracial interactions: An intersectional, relational, and contextual approach.
Abstract: Intersectional, relational, and contextual elements were examined to
develop a more comprehensive approach to understanding interracial interactions. First, I
performed a meta-analysis of over 40 years of research on interracial interactions, using
data from 108 samples (N = 12,463) featuring dyadic interracial and same-race interactions.
Results indicated that participants in same-r... read moreace dyads tended to express more positive
attitudes about their partners (r = .07), reported feeling less negative affect (r = .10),
showed more friendly nonverbal behavior (r = .09), and scored higher on objective
performance measures (r = .07) than those in interracial dyads. Effect sizes showed
substantial heterogeneity, and further analyses indicated several important moderating
factors. For example, being part of a dyad that was both interracial and cross-sex
exacerbated negative affect. Furthermore, effects of interaction structure on nonverbal
behavior depended on participant gender, with women showing less bias in free-form
interactions, and men showing less bias in structured interactions. Three studies were run
to investigate further the effects of racial diversity on gender dynamics in small
mixed-sex groups. In all-White groups, White men spoke significantly more than White women
and were rated as more persuasive; however, in racially diverse groups, White women and
White men spent equal amounts of time speaking and were rated as equally persuasive (Study
1). In diverse groups, White women showed increasing confidence over time, whereas White
men showed decreasing confidence (Study 2). Study 3 examined gender differences in
interaction concerns. These results all underscore the importance of taking an
intersectional, relational, and contextual approach to understanding interracial
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Tufts University, 2011.
Submitted to the Dept. of Psychology.
Advisor: Nalini Ambady.
Committee: Samuel Sommers, Keith Maddox, and Max Weisbuch.
Keywords: Social Psychology, Ethnic Studies, and Gender Studies.read less