A Smart Grid Approach to Water: The Value of Information for Adaptive Water Supply Management.
benefit of short-term hydrologic forecast data is quantified for the purpose of
improving drought management capabilities in surface water supply reservoirs. Combining
systems engineering, decision theory, and information economics, this research documents
how hydrologic forecasts can provide meaningful improvements in both efficiency and
value to water storage and delivery ... read morewithout changing current infrastructure. Using a
generalized reservoir simulation model, the value of forecast information is quantified
in terms of improvements to water supply delivery characteristics for a range of system
types; forecasts are found to provide significant reductions in system vulnerability at
the minor expense of a slight reduction in system reliability. Results from extensive
water system simulations are used to develop multivariate regressions that characterize
the general behavior of system performance indices in terms of forecast information, as
well as watershed and system characteristics. The resulting relationships could be
useful for systems in regions where water supply infrastructure is limited or inadequate
to meet future drought conditions or demand
Thesis (M.S.)--Tufts University, 2012.
Submitted to the Dept. of Civil Engineering.
Advisor: Richard Vogel.
Committee: James Limbrunner, and Steven Chapra.
Keyword: Water resources management.read less