EXPRESSIVE SPEECH OF DUAL LANGAUGE LEARNING HEAD START CHILDREN WITH DIFFERENT CONVERSATIONAL PARTNERS.
Abstract: This study examines the expressive speech of Head Start Dual Language Learners (DLL) in situations with different conversational partners. The target children and conversational partners were categorized into four different groups (Fluent bilingual, Spanish dominant, English dominant, or Emerging bilingual) based on their language abilities. Children were filmed in various areas of their... read moreclassrooms as part of a larger study. Conversations involving children who were Fluent Bilinguals, Spanish Dominant, and English Dominant were transcribed and analyzed using Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (SALT) to gauge their expressive language with different conversational partners. Expressiveness was determined by Mean Length of Utterance (MLU) and Number of Different Words (NDW) across both of the DLLs' languages. There was no difference between the DLL children's speech with Fluent Bilinguals and Same Dominance partners. There were trend level findings that indicate that DLL children were more expressive with Same Dominance partners than Opposite Dominance partners. They were also more expressive with Fluent Bilingual partners than Opposite Dominance Partners.
Thesis (M.A.)--Tufts University, 2015.
Submitted to the Dept. of Child Study and Human Development.
Advisor: Christine McWayne.
Committee: Jayanthi Mistry, and Mary Dooley.
Keywords: Language, and Sociolinguistics.read less