The Shiv Sena and the MQM: A Comparative Perspective.
Abstract: This thesis explores the respective origins and evolutions of the
Shiv Sena and the MQM from a comparative perspective. It examines these two political
parties in the context of their respective urban milieus, Mumbai and Karachi, and
investigates the extent to which the Indian and Pakistani governments' embrace of economic
liberalization as policy from the 1980s onward has empowered ... read morethese two parties and shaped
their respective trajectories. Utilizing party publications, newspapers, government
documents, and publications of NGOs, I argue that the Shiv Sena and the MQM adopted the
politics of ethnic identity not as an instrument in the service of economic liberalization,
but rather as a central component thereof. Juxtaposing the respective evolutions of the two
parties, I demonstrate the stylistic and ideological convergence of the two parties which
economic liberalization has in part wrought, despite the differing class, ethnic, and
religious roots from which the two parties originated.
Thesis (M.A.)--Tufts University, 2011.
Submitted to the Dept. of History.
Advisor: Ayesha Jalal.
Committee: Kris Manjapra.
Keyword: Asian History.read less