In theory, matched field processing offers the significant benefit of higher signal gains and increased localization capability. However, this has not been robustly observed in practice because of inherent uncertainties about details of the shallow water propagation environments which limit the prediction of the channel response. The use of guide sources to directly measure the transfer function ... read morebetween source and receiver arrays has been proposed as a means for reducing mismatch. However, the guide source measurement only provides a measured transfer function at the guide source location. In this paper a method of depth-shifting guide source observations is proposed, making it possible to estimate transfer functions for points in the ocean other than the guide source location. The proposed depth-shifting process does not require knowledge of environmental parameters. The theoretical background for the technique is developed below and its range of applicability is examined.read less
Zurk, Lisa M., and Brian H. Tracey. "Depth-Shifting of Shallow Water Guide Source Observations." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 118, no. 4 (October 2005): 2224-2233. doi:10.1121/1.2010309.