Incidence of Vertical Root Fracture at the Apical Third of the Root Canal System after Preparation with Newer NiTi Rotary Files and Hand Files at Different Working Lengths

Abdulmajeed, Afnan.


  • Abstract: Introduction Vertical root fracture (VRF) is considered one of the most unfavorable complications in root canal treatment which may lead to tooth extraction. The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of generation of dentinal defects in the apical third of human extracted teeth after canal preparations with new rotary files (Vortex blue rotary file and HyFlex CM file) at different ... read more
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