The ecological value of long-term studies of birds and mammals in Central America, South America and Antarctica.

Taig-Johnston, Megan.

Strom, Madeline K.

Calhoun, Kendall.

Nowak, Kendra.

Ebensperger, Luis A.

Hayes, Loren.


  • Abstract: This review covers long-term ecological studies in Central America, South America, and Antarctica that include at least 10 years of data on both terrestrial and marine mammals as well as birds. Specifically, we compiled long-term research on social systems, population ecology, and community ecology. Long-term research is necessary to understand decadal trends and dynamics that would ... read more
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