A Comparative Study of Democratization in Cameroon and Tanzania.
Berlin, Erica P.
- In the late 1980s, countries across Africa began moving from authoritarianism to democratization. Many observers believed this would lead to a promising future and greater political transparency. Yet, after 1993, the political regimes in many of these countries began rehardening. As a result, many states now have hybrid regimes that have aspects of both authoritarianism and democracy. Cameroon and... read moreTanzania experienced this exact pattern. However, in the past few years, Tanzania has been making progress towards democratizing, yet Cameroon has remained stagnant. This work examines why Tanzania has democratized in recent years, yet Cameroon has remained competitive authoritarian. I use three elections as case studies: Cameroon's 1992 presidential election, its first multiparty presidential election, Cameroon's 2004 presidential election, its most recent presidential election and Tanzania's 2000 presidential election, its first election to be considered largely free and fair. This thesis examines how ethnic diversity, organizational power, and foreign influence prevented or facilitated a level playing field in each of these elections.read less